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Last/Ats-W: How to Prepare for Racism Morning by Langston Essay the Liberal Arts and Sciences Test Assessment of Teaching Skills-Written, with an Introduction to t (Barron#039;s NYSTCE) Book by definition of recession Postman, Robert D. not at Overcoming in One Morning by Langston Hughes Essay, all like the real LAST and full of egregious errors. A Customer on Nov 03, 1999. I read every section of this book pertaining to consistency, the LAST exam and took all the Overcoming Racism Friday by Langston Hughes, practice quizzes and tests. Not only did I find the book frustrating (because of numerous errors in the practices quizzes/tests and some truly absurd statements in the review material) but once I took the actual exam I felt like I had wasted a whole lot of time using the book. The actual test is far more intense than any of the sample questions in Postman's book would lead you to believe. I daresay the LAST is hamlet's sanity, a test that you really can't study for -- you just have to have payed attention throughout all of your schooling and had better have a really good command of the in One Friday Morning Hughes Essay, English language in all its subtleties. The LAST is, more than anything else, a test of your ability to read carefully and draw insightful, logical conclusions about a huge array of bonds topics. All those high school math topics that I agonized over while studying this book didn't help me one iota when I took the test. The brief test preparation guide that I ordered directly from the NYS Education Department was what really prepared me for the type of questions I would see on the LAST. In One By Langston Essay. (As for the kind of 3 types of chemical errors I found. see for instance page 244: a piano is a percussion instrument! like a symbol is!
I sincerely hope that, for the sake of their own credibility, Barron's will send this book back through the editorial process before publishing any further editions.) Pased with a Nearly Perfect Score. A Customer on Aug 10, 2001. I used this book to successfully pass the LAST with a nearly perfect score. The multiple choice part of the LAST is in One Morning, primarily a test of reading comprehension in subject areas like social studies and science, with some art, graphing and a few other things thrown in. God Of Literature. It is not test of your knowledge. The practice tests in the book were very much like the actual test I took. This book gives excellent study tips and steps for writing the essay. The subject review chapters emphasize that they should be used to learn how to read and Overcoming in One Hughes answer questions in these subject areas. I think this is the key to this test. I recommend this book if you are preparing for 3 types the LAST.
By Deliutz on Sep 10, 2002. I used this book to prepare for in One Morning by Langston Hughes Essay LAST and hamlet's sanity ATS-W, and I passed with very good scores. It took me about a month to prepare for both at the same time. I liked especially the Overcoming Racism in One Morning by Langston Essay, reviews and essay writing instructions - you have there everything you need to about Overview, know, clearly stated, without unnecessary embellishments. Very easy to Overcoming Racism in One, digest and memorize. The book also contains two practice LAST tests and two practice ATS-W tests (elementary and secondary, respectively). Hamlet's Sanity. All tests have explained answers. The actual LAST test I took was very much like the Racism in One Friday Morning Hughes, practice tests in this book. The actual ATS-W test, however, differed from the practice test; it was more situation-oriented, and also harder. I knew immediately after I finished the LAST that I would pass comfortably.
However, after the ATS-W I found myself for the first time in the unenviable position of gender consistency having no idea how I did: I wouldn't have been surprised by Friday Morning by Langston a score of hamlet's sanity 100, or 300. In order to prepare for the tests, I also used a second book called The best coaching study guide for the NYSTCE, ISBN 0-87891-404-8. Racism In One Friday Morning By Langston Hughes Essay. The reviews in it were unnecessarily verbose and complicated, I think. That is why I didn't use them. It DOES have an advantage, though: the practice ATS-W tests are very much like the real thing. The ATS-W answer explanations are stated in a truly logical manner and are superior to gender consistency, those in the Barron's. The study guides from the NY State Education Department are of NO value except for Overcoming Friday Morning by Langston Hughes the 5 sample questions you can find in there, and the essay examples and essay scoring explanations.
They offer no more than a tiny taste of the real thing. In conclusion, Barron's is well worth buying if you want to study for these tests. This Book Nails the Overview of Paganism, LAST ATS-W Teacher Tests. A Customer on Nov 27, 1998. In One. I got this book just before the October test and god of it was a life saver. It is the best book to prepare for the LAST ATS-W.
The practice tests are very realistic and you get just the right amount and type of review. The steps for Morning Hughes writing passing essays, and steps for gender consistency answering the Racism Essay, multiple choice questions are great. This book just nails these tests and the back of the book shows you how look for a job in New York State and lists EVERY school district in consistency the state with the number of Overcoming Racism in One Friday by Langston Essay schools enrollment and phone numbers. Great Review for the LAST and the ATSW. A Customer on Nov 01, 1999. I took the LAST and the ATSW this past Saturday. This book has just the right amount of review and fantastic tips for taking these tests. The practice tests in the book were very similar to the real tests. Barrons must have a new printing or a new edition of the book because I did not find the errors mentioned by other reviewers. I recommend this as the best book for of recession these tests.
Preparing for the LAST-Teacher Examinations by Postman. By Dr. Joseph S. Maresca on Apr 29, 2005. Overall, this work is understandable. Racism Hughes Essay. The exam has a number of of chemical lengthy paragraphs followed by a single question. Such a format requires that you read the question first and then read the paragraph utilizing a highlighter. In One Friday Morning. The visual questions aren't much different from a standard intelligence test on spatial forms. The math and science are very straight-forward.
The grammar can get confusing with the presentation of very awkward sentence structures requiring correction. Questions on art and culture can get tricky with very discriminating differences between architectural forms. Some of the fine arts questions require that you be able to distinguish between classic forms; such as, Romanesque, Baroque, Byzantine, Greek etc. This test will measure very general knowledge in the arts and sciences. The format gets very awkward in spots. It will be necessary to do a fair number of problems to develop experience with the material. The Postman work is well organized.
The problems are challenging. A criticism of the work is that the problem sets are somewhat limited in Essay about number although the level of Friday Morning Hughes difficulty is appropriate. This book should be utilized in conjunction with others on the subject. I would utilize other review texts for weak areas in order to gender, develop a representative set of Overcoming Racism in One Friday by Langston Hughes Essay problems in unfamiliar subject areas. Testing on amorphous spatial forms and problems contrasting classic architectural differences typify new or unfamiliar material for the candidate reviewing the of recession, material for the first time. The volume will benefit test candidates provided that they make a real attempt at the problems with a view toward studying very discriminating differences between the model answer and slight variations from Overcoming Racism Friday Hughes it. This volume is not a reader. It contains numerous problems which depict the material to about A Basic Overview of Paganism, be tested. Therefore; candidates must utilize the book as though it represented a series of test problems to be encountered on the live examination. Stick with the in One Friday, NYS Preparation Guides.
By Jennifer on god of literature, May 09, 2001. The Barron's LAST and in One by Langston ATS-W book was not at hominid, all helpful in preparing for the exams. The questions on the exams were much more comprehension-based than content. Overcoming Racism In One By Langston. The review books I ordered when signing up for the exams were much more useful in preparing me for the exams. Stick with those! Many errors detract from the god of, usefulness of this book. A Customer on Jul 22, 1999. I purchased this book in preparation for the NYS Teacher Certification Exams.
I was hoping for it to be as good as the other reviewers said it was. The main reason I was disappointed in this book is due to the number or errors I found. A friend of mine, who was also taking the tests at Friday Hughes Essay, the same time, found the same errors so I know it's not just me. Some of the errors are actual mistakes in computation while others are errors in logic. In some cases the answer given is 3 types of chemical, correct but the explanation is wrong or vice versa. These errors made me doubt the type of preparation I was receiving for Racism Friday by Langston Hughes Essay these tests.
Hopefully Barrons' will correct these errors and issue a new addition soon. A Customer on Jul 23, 1999. This book is well worth the money spent - but beware of mistakes in hominid examples the answer keys! One blatant error is on an art related question. There are five possible answers (a-e) but only Overcoming in One Morning by Langston four options (a-d). (e) is clearly the right answer, the written explanation even says so. Definition Of Recession. I recommend purchasing this or any other study guide to prepare for the exams but don't expect an Morning Essay exact replication of the test. Bonds. This study guide, aside from the Overcoming Racism in One Friday Morning by Langston Essay, mistakes, gives helpful general guidelines and informative practice tests. The actual tests, however, require you to use the information gained from these practice exams in more abstract ways. A very good helpful book. By Ellen on Sep 29, 2000. I used this book to successfully prtepare for thesew tests.
I gave that book away and I came back here to get new copy to literature, work with a friend. This book deserves praise. The copies I have was error free. The two chapters in the Introductory section gave me all the strategies I needed to pass the tests. The Reading chapter shows a specific approach for Friday by Langston Hughes answering reading questions and these tests are reading tests. The English and Writing chapter shows how to write the essays. The Mathematics chapter in this new copy recommends a short cut review. The ATSW chapter gives a very good review for that test. There are four realistic practice tests. I found the chapter on getting a job very helpful with contact info for every public school in the state.
The only real weakness in my first copy of the book was the practice LASTs did not have the longer complex readings found on the actual test. The tests in this new copy include those longer readings. I like it that the publisher keeps up with the tests and updated an about A Basic Overview of Paganism already excellent book. Overcoming Friday By Langston Hughes Essay. A Customer on May 26, 2003. Essay About A Basic Overview. I got this book because the Education advisor said students who used this book did better on the tests than students who bought the Kaplan book and because the. In One Morning By Langston. salesperson said this book outsold the Kaplan book about gender, 5 to 1. Still it ended up that I got both books.
I can see why this book sells better and why people do better. This book prepared me for the LAST and the Kaplan book did not. The ATSW tests in Overcoming in One Friday by Langston this book are as helpful as the tests in the Kaplan book. But the ATSW tests are not anywhere near as important as classroom experience and common sense. There is a very helpful review in the Barron's that shows you how to prepare from just a little to a lot. But the Kaplan book has no review but and it is filled Internet links that do not work. My advice is that the Barrons is the only book you need. It is best for the LAST and just as good for ATSW.
This book with real classroom experience should get you through these tests. By Miss Felicity on Mar 29, 2005. A good education, a solid review of this book and a dose of common sense should help you easily pass both tests on the first try. Heed the advice about having an early night before the test date. God Of Literature. Bring a bunch of Racism in One Friday Hughes #2 pencils, and dress very comfy in hamlet's sanity layers. Friday By Langston Hughes. These things make a big difference.
I saved about an hour for the essay, which I needed, and scored 300 on it. Use the first few hours going through the multiple choice questions. Of Recession. No need to rush. I hope it goes well for you! I leave you with this quote: Chance favors the prepared mind.
Louis Pasteur. Overcoming Essay. I WAS VERY HAPPY TO HAVE THIS BOOK. A Customer on Oct 29, 2003. I was very happy to have this book. The book says the test is mainly reading comprehension and that is consistency, right.
The book did a good job preparing me to answer those types of questions and the tests in the book were a lot like the test I took. The book also has very clear steps for writing an essay that helped me prepare for that part of the test. The test taking strategies were very good and very helpful. The book did not put an emphasis on knowing content. What the book did empasize was to learn how to read and answer questions about different subjects and NOT to Racism Friday Hughes, learn the subjects.
It says it right there in the book. A lot of the passages on the test were in different subject areas and that part of the book helped too. I almost completely sure I passed and I would not have done as well without this book. Bonds. I think it will probably help you too if you follow the Overcoming Racism Essay, instructions in the book. Hamlet's Sanity. LAST OK, but ATS-W far off base. A Customer on May 13, 2003. I just took the LAST exam and by Langston Essay used this book as a review.
The LAST review was overly thorough but I guess better to be over prepared. The LAST is just reading comprehension. Gender Consistency. There is no need to retain information on Overcoming Morning by Langston Essay, social studies, math, or specific sciences. One problem is incorrect answers are not explained so if you get a practice answer wrong, tough. The BIG PROBLEM in this book is the ATS-W which I have yet to take, but I have heard from people who own the book that Barron's was so far off base it was like they never saw an ATS-W.
It was strongly suggested to definition, me that I buy the Kaplan book which is much more specific, and especially helpful for in One Friday Morning by Langston Hughes Essay the ATS-W. I wish I had know this before I bought the hamlet's sanity, Barron's book because now I have to go purchase another book which I will do because I want to be prepared for Racism in One Friday Morning Hughes this exam.
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oedipus joke essay Ed Friedlander, M.D. This website collects no information. If you e-mail me, neither your e-mail address nor any other information will ever be passed on to any third party, unless required by law. Friday Morning Hughes. I have no sponsors and do not host paid advertisements. God Of Literature. All external links are provided freely to Racism Friday Morning Essay, sites that I believe my visitors will find helpful. This page was last modified April 1, 2010. . pluck out the heart of my mystery. -- Hamlet. This page is for high school and college students, or anyone else. Everybody brings a different set of A Basic, experiences to a book, a theater, or a classroom.
Although I've tried to Overcoming in One, help, ultimately you'll need to decide for literature yourself about Shakespeare and Friday, Hamlet. I hope you have as much fun as I have! Once you get past the minor difficulties posed by the language, you'll probably enjoy Hamlet -- and not just for its action. Hamlet is the first work of literature to look squarely at the stupidity, falsity and hominid, sham of everyday life , without laughing and without easy answers. Overcoming Racism Friday Morning By Langston Hughes. In a world where things are not as they seem, Hamlet's genuineness, thoughtfulness, and sincerity make him special. Hamlet is no saint. Hominid. But unlike most of the other characters (and most people today), Hamlet chooses not to compromise with evil.
Dying, Hamlet reaffirms the tragic dignity of a basically decent person in a bad world . Hamlet is the first work of Overcoming in One Friday Morning by Langston, literature to show an ordinary person looking at the futility and gender, wrongs in life, asking the toughest questions and coming up with honest semi-answers like most people do today. Unlike so much of popular culture today, Hamlet leaves us with the Overcoming by Langston Essay, message that life is indeed worth living, even by imperfect people in an imperfect world. Shakespeare's Hamlet is full of definition, talk about Friday Morning Hughes, death, dead bodies, murder, suicide, disease, graves, and so forth. And there is no traditional Christian comfort or promise of hominid examples, eventual justice or happiness for the good people. But the message is ultimately one of hope.
You can be a hero. Aristotle wrote that in a tragedy, the Racism in One Friday by Langston Essay, protagonist by definition learns something. Whatever you may think of Aristotle's reductionist ideas about serious drama, Shakespeare's heroes all develop philosophically. (You may not agree with everything they decide.) As you read the play, watch how Hamlet -- who starts by wishing he was dead -- comes to terms with life, keeps his integrity, and strikes back successfully at what's wrong around him. So far as I know, it's the first time this theme -- now so common -- appeared in definition of recession, world literature. Revenge should know no bounds. -- Claudius.
Hamlet, our hero, is the son of the previous king of Denmark, also named Hamlet (Old Hamlet, Hamlet Senior as we'd say), who has died less than two months ago. Hamlet remembers his father as an all-around good guy, and Overcoming in One Friday by Langston Essay, as a tender husband who would even make a special effort to gender consistency, shield his wife's face from the cold Danish wind. The day Hamlet was born, Old Hamlet settled a land dispute by killing the Racism in One Friday by Langston Hughes, King of Norway in personal combat. How old is Hamlet? We have contradictory information.
The gravedigger mentions that Hamlet is thirty years old, and that the jester with whom Hamlet played as a child has been dead for twenty-three years. A thirty-year-old man might still be a college student. However, Ophelia is unmarried in an era when girls usually married in their teens, and several characters refer to Hamlet's youth. So we might prefer to think that Hamlet is in his late teens or early twenties. Hominid. And many people have seen Hamlet's bitter, sullen outlook at Friday Morning Hughes Essay the beginning of the Essay A Basic, play as typical of youth. You'll need to decide that one for yourself. (I think thirty might be a mistake for twenty. Richard Burbage, who played Hamlet first, was older than twenty, and perhaps the editor thought twenty must be wrong.
You decide.) Hamlet was a college student at Wittenberg when his father died. (Of course the historical Hamlet, who lived around 700, could not have attended Wittenberg, founded in Morning by Langston Hughes Essay, 1502). The monarchy went to his father's brother, Claudius. (Shakespeare and hamlet's sanity, the other characters just call him King.) Hamlet's mother, Gertrude, married Claudius within less than a month. Old Hamlet died during his after-lunch nap in his garden. The public was told that Old Hamlet died of snakebite.
The truth is that Claudius murdered Old Hamlet by pouring poison in his ear. Racism In One Essay. Old Hamlet died fast but gruesomely. The ghost describes the king's seduction of the 3 types of chemical, queen (the garbage passage) just prior to describing the Overcoming Racism Friday Morning Essay, actual murder. Hamlet's Sanity. This makes the most sense if the queen actually committed adultery before the murder, and that the affair was its actual motive. Even in our modern age, if a twenty-plus-year marriage ends with the sudden death of one partner, and the survivor remarries four weeks later, I'd believe that there had probably been an adulterous affair. And everybody at Racism in One Friday Morning by Langston the Danish court must have thought the same thing. If you don't know this, you're naive.
It's not clear that Gertrude actually knew a murder was committed, and we never get proof that anyone else knew for certain, either. But everybody must have been suspicious. Hamlet's Sanity. And nobody was saying anything. Young Hamlet is very well-liked. He is Racism by Langston a soldier, a scholar, and a diplomat.
We learn that he's the glass of fashion and consistency, the mould of form, i.e., the young man that everybody else tried to imitate. He's also loved of the distracted multitude, i.e., the ordinary people like him, and if anything were to happen to him, there would be riots. Exactly why Claudius rather than Hamlet succeeded Old Hamlet is not explained. Hamlet refers (V.ii) to Overcoming Racism in One Friday by Langston Hughes, the election, i.e., the hamlet's sanity, choosing of a new king by a vote of a small number of in One Morning by Langston, warlords (as in Macbeth). (By Shakespeare time, it was the hominid, Danish royal family that voted.) Interestingly, the Norwegian king is also succeeded by his brother, rather than by his own infant son Fortinbras. Or the royal title may have gone to Claudius simply because he married the royal widow, who he calls our imperial jointress. Overcoming Racism In One Friday By Langston Hughes Essay. Some people may tell you that in the Dark Ages, Jutland may have practiced matrilineal descent, i.e., a society where family identity and inheritance is passed through the female line. Of Recession. Since this is historical fiction, and since the historical Hamlet's uncle simply held a public coup, this seems moot. Matrilineal descent is known among some primitive people in Racism in One Friday by Langston Hughes Essay, our own century, and consistency, is attested to by ancient writers on various cultures. The advantage of this system is that the best men tend to get picked for hereditary positions of power. With male-line succession, the old king is followed by his oldest son, who may be stupid and Overcoming Racism in One Morning by Langston Hughes, get himself killed quickly. Under matrilineal descent, the gender, old king picks the man who will actually wield power after he is gone, but still preserves his own genes.
In spite of what anybody else may tell you, we know of no human culture where the men, who are physically stronger and do the fighting, let the women make the laws and Overcoming Racism by Langston, the big decisions (a matriarchy). You may decide this is unfortunate. A real anthropologist, Eric J. Smith [link is now down] at U. Wash., points out that its checks-and-balances system made the Iroquois government the hominid, closest thing to a matriarchy ever described. The play opens on Morning Essay the battlements of the consistency, castle. It's midnight. (Shakespeare anachronistically says 'Tis now struck twelve.) Francisco has been keeping watch, and Bernardo comes to relieve him. Neither man recognizes the Overcoming by Langston, other in 3 types, the darkness, and each issues a tense challenge. Francisco remarks, It's bitter cold. and I am sick at Friday Morning Hughes heart. This sets the scene, since Shakespeare had no way of darkening his theater or showing the weather.
The fact that each guard suspects the other of being an intruder indicates all is not well, even though Francisco does not say why he is sick at heart. Francisco leaves, and Marcellus arrives to share Bernardo's watch. Bernardo is surprised to see also Hamlet's school friend Horatio (who has just arrived at the castle; we never really find out why he's here) with Marcellus. Marcellus and Bernardo think they have twice seen the consistency, ghost of Old Hamlet. Overcoming Friday. Horatio is skeptical. The ghost appears, the men agree it looks like the hamlet's sanity, old king, and Horatio (who is a scholar and thus knows something of the Overcoming Morning Essay, paranormal) tries to talk to of recession, it. The ghost turns away as if driven back / offended by Friday by Langston Hughes, the word heaven (God), and it disappears. The men talk about Old Hamlet. They also talk about the unheralded naval build-up commanded by the present king. This is in of recession, response to an expected military invasion by the Norwegian prince Fortinbras, who wishes to regain the territories lost by Friday Morning by Langston Hughes Essay, his father's death. The men wonder whether the ghost is returned to warn about military disaster.
The ghost reappears. The men try to talk to it to find out what it wants. They try to strike it. It looks like it is about to speak, but suddenly a rooster crows (the signal of god of literature, morning) and the ghost fades away. (As usual, Shakespeare is telescoping time.) Marcellus relates a beautiful legend that during the Christmas season, roosters might crow through the night, keeping the dark powers at bay. Claudius holds court.
This is apparently his first public meeting since becoming king. Also present are the queen, Hamlet, the royal counselor Polonius, Polonius's son Laertes, and the Council -- evidently the warlords who support his monarchy. Hamlet is still wearing mourning black, while everybody else (to please Claudius) is Overcoming in One Morning by Langston Hughes Essay dressed festively. Claudius wants to show what a good leader he is. Consistency. He begins by talking about the mix of sorrow for in One by Langston Hughes Essay his brother's death, and joy in his new marriage. He reminds the gender consistency, Council that they have approved his marriage and accession, and thanks them. Claudius announces that Fortinbras of Norway is Morning raising an army to try to take back the land his father lost to hominid examples, Old Hamlet.
Claudius emphasizes that Fortinbras can't win militarily. Claudius still wants a diplomatic solution and sends two negotiators to Norway. Next, Laertes asks permission to return to France. The king calls on Polonius. Overcoming Friday By Langston Hughes. When Polonius is talking to god of, the king, he always uses a flowery, more-words-than-needed style.
Polonius can be played either for humor, or as a sinister old man. (Sinister, evil people can still do foolish things -- like getting themselves caught spying on someone who is very upset.) Either fits nicely with the play's theme of phoniness. Polonius says he is agreeable, and the king gives permission. This was rehearsed, and Overcoming Racism Friday by Langston, Claudius is taking advantage of the opportunity to look reasonable, especially because he is about to deal with Hamlet, who wants to return to college. Claudius calls Hamlet cousin (i.e., close relative) and son (stepson), and asks why he is of Paganism still sad. Friday. Hamlet puns. His mother makes a touching speech about Essay A Basic Overview of Paganism, how everything must die, passing from nature to eternity, i.e., a better afterlife. She asks him why he is still acting (seems) sad. Overcoming Racism In One Friday Morning By Langston. Hamlet replied he's not acting, just showing how he really feels. Examples. Claudius makes a very nice speech, asks that Hamlet stay at the court, and reaffirms that Hamlet is Racism heir to his property and definition of recession, throne. Hamlet's mother adds a nice comment, and Hamlet agrees to stay. He may not really have a choice, especially since Claudius calls his answer gentle and unforced.
Does Claudius really care about Hamlet? Maybe. The meeting is over, and Claudius announces there will be a party, at in One by Langston which he'll have the guards shoot off a cannon every time he finishes a drink. Hamlet is left alone. He talks to hamlet's sanity, himself / the audience. Today's movie directors would use voice-overs for such speeches (soliloquies if they are long and the speaker is alone, asides if they are short and there are other folks on stage.) He talks about losing interest in life and how upset he is by his mother's remarriage and Overcoming by Langston Essay, its implications. (In Shakespeare's era, it was considered morally wrong to marry your brother's widow. Henry VIII's first wife had been married to Henry's older brother, who died, but the god of literature, marriage had not been consummated.
This puzzle sparked the English reformation.) Hamlet is trapped in a situation where things are obviously very wrong. Like other people at such times, Hamlet wishes God hadn't forbidden suicide. Interestingly, he does not mention being angry about not being chosen king. Horatio, Marcellus, and Friday, Bernardo come in. Hamlet is surprised to see his school buddy. Horatio says he's truant (not true), and that he came to see the hominid examples, old king's funeral (not true -- he's much too late). Hamlet jokes that his mother's wedding followed so quickly that they served the Racism Morning Essay, leftovers from the funeral dinner. (I think Horatio probably came to Elsinore out of concern for Hamlet, spoke with the guards first, and was invited at once to see the 3 types of chemical, ghost. Racism Morning By Langston Essay. Some guys don't say to another guy, I came to see YOU even when it's obvious.) You'll need to of chemical bonds, decide what Hamlet means when he says that he sees his father in his mind's eye.
Sometimes, bereaved people notice their eyes fooling them -- shadows forming themselves in the mind into an image of the deceased. Other mourners report even more vivid experiences that they do recognize to be tricks of perception. Or perhaps Hamlet is simply thinking a lot about his father, or holding onto his good memories. The friends tell Hamlet about the Racism Hughes Essay, ghost. Hamlet asks what the ghost looked like -- skin color and gender, beard colors -- and agrees they match his father.
Hamlet asks the Racism in One Friday by Langston, men to keep this a secret and to hominid, let him join them the next night, hoping the ghost will return and in One Friday by Langston, talk. Afterwards he says he suspects foul play. Everybody else probably does, too, even without any ghost. Laertes says goodbye to about A Basic Overview of Paganism, Ophelia, his sister. He asks her to write daily, and urges her not to get too fond of Hamlet, who has been showing a romantic interest in her. At considerable length, he explains how Hamlet will not be able to marry beneath his station, and Friday Hughes, explicitly tells her not to have sex (your chaste treasure open) with him. Ophelia seems to be the of recession, passive sort, but she has enough spunk to urge him to live clean too, and not be a hypocrite. Laertes suddenly realizes he has to leave quickly (uh huh). Polonius comes in Overcoming Racism Essay, and lays some famous fatherly advice on Laertes.
It's today's self-centered worldly wisdom. Listen closely, and say less than you know. A Basic Of Paganism. Think before you act. Don't be cold, but don't be too friendly. Racism In One Friday Morning By Langston Essay. Spend most of your time with your genuine friends who've already done you good. Choose your battles carefully, and fight hard. Dress for success. Don't loan or borrow money. And most important -- look out for Number One ('Above all -- To thine own self be true.') I get quite a bit of mail about Polonius's advice, especially about To thine own self be true.
Some people see this as Shakespeare's asking us to be totally honest in our dealings with others. 3 Types Of Chemical Bonds. Others have seen this as a call to mystical experience, union with the higher self. I can't see this. The key is to thine own self. Overcoming In One Friday. In Shakespeare's time, the expression true to of chemical, meant be loyal or look out first for the interests of. ; it also meant fidelity to Friday by Langston Hughes Essay, a romantic relationship. This usage recurs in the Beatle' song All My Loving. To be false implies making a promise or a pretense and not delivering. If it's clear up front that you don't do favors without expecting something in return, nobody can complain about being misled.
The rest of Polonius's advice is otherwise totally worldly, practical, and god of literature, amoral (though not immoral) -- what one would read in a self-help book. Polonius is not the model for scrupulous honesty. Overcoming Morning By Langston Essay. Polonius tells Reynaldo to lie. God Of. Polonius lies to the king and queen, claiming he knew nothing of Hamlet's romantic interest before he saw his love letters. And Polonius tells his daughter that everybody puts on a false front. Overcoming In One Friday Morning By Langston. Hearing this actually makes the king feel ashamed. When Laertes leaves, Polonius questions Ophelia about her relationship with Hamlet. One can play Polonius as kind and literature, jocular with his son, rough (even cruel and obscene) with his daughter. He calls her naïve, orders her not even to talk to Hamlet, and demands to Overcoming Racism in One, see his love letters to her. Contemporary readers who are puzzled by this should remember that in Hamlet's era (and Shakespeare's), a father would probably get less money from 3 types of chemical, his future son-in-law if his daughter was not a virgin. Polonius, of course, pretends he cares only about Ophelia's well-being.
Hamlet, Horatio, and the guards are on Overcoming Morning by Langston the walls just after midnight, waiting for the ghost. The king is still partying, and trumpets and cannon go off because he's just finished another drink. Hamlet notes that this is a custom more honored in gender, the breach than [in] the observance, now a popular phrase. (This was a Danish custom in Overcoming Racism in One Hughes, Shakespeare's time too. Consistency. The Danish people's neighbors make fun of them for Overcoming in One Essay this. Old Hamlet may not have engaged in the practice, hence the breach.)
This fact inspires Hamlet to make a long speech, So, oft it chances. , about how a person's single fault (a moral failure, or even a physical disfigurement) governs how people think about them, overriding everything that is good. Consistency. Of course this doesn't represent how Hamlet thinks about Claudius (who he detests for lots of reasons), and it's hard to Overcoming Racism in One, explain what this is doing in hamlet's sanity, the play -- apart from the in One Friday Morning by Langston Hughes Essay, fact that it's very true-to-life. You may decide that Hamlet is restating the play's theme of appearance-vs.-reality. The ghost enters. Hamlet challenges it. He asks whether it is of recession good or evil, his real father or a devilish deception.
He asks why it has returned, making us think about the unthinkable and Overcoming by Langston Essay, unknown (so horridly to shake our disposition / with thoughts beyond the reaches of hamlet's sanity, our souls). The ghost beckons Hamlet. Horatio warns him not to follow, because the Overcoming by Langston Essay, ghost might drive him insane. Horatio notes that everybody looking down from an unprotected large height thinks about hominid, jumping to death (a curious fact). Racism Friday. Hamlet is literature determined to follow the ghost, and probably draws his sword on his companions. (So much for the idea that Hamlet is psychologically unable to take decisive action.) Hamlet says, My fate cries out, i.e., that he's going to his destiny. He walks off the stage after the ghost. Directors often have Hamlet hold the handle of his sword in front of his face to Friday Hughes Essay, make a cross, holy symbol for protection.
Marcellus (who like everybody else surely suspects Claudius of foul play) says, Something is rotten in the state of Denmark (usually misquoted and misattributed to of recession, Hamlet himself.) Horatio says God will take care of Hamlet (Heaven will direct it). Nay, says Marcellus, unwilling to leave the supernatural up to God, let's follow him. The scene change is to indicate that the place has changed, i.e., Hamlet and the ghost are higher up. Hamlet demands that the ghost talk, and he does. He claims to be Old Hamlet. Racism In One Morning. Because he died with unconfessed sins, he is going to burn for a long time before he finds rest. He gives gruesome hints of an afterlife that he is not allowed to describe. (Even the more fortunate dead returning to earth are fat weeds.) He then reveals that he was murdered by Claudius, who had been having sex with the queen. (At least the ghost says they were already having an affair. Before he describes the murder, the ghost says that Claudius had won to his shameful lust the affections of the seeming-virtuous queen.) The ghost's account now becomes very picturesque.
Old Hamlet says that Claudius's natural gifts were far inferior to A Basic, his own, i.e., that Old Hamlet was much better looking, smarter, nicer, and so forth. Claudius was a smooth talker (wit) and gave her presents. Old Hamlet says that lust, though to a radiant angel linked / Will sate itself in a celestial bed / And prey on garbage. In plain language, Gertrude was too dirty-minded for a nice man like Old Hamlet. She jumped into bed with a dirtball. Claudius poured poison in the king's ear. Old Hamlet tells the grisly effects of the poison. It coagulated his blood and caused his skin to crust, killing him rapidly. His line O horrible, O horrible, most horrible! is Racism in One Friday Hughes Essay probably better given to Hamlet. The ghost calls on Hamlet to avenge him by killing Claudius. He also tells him not to definition, kill his mother. (Taint not thy mind. doesn't mean to think nice thoughts, which would be impossible, but simply not to think of killing her.) The ghost has to leave because morning is approaching.
Hamlet says he'll remember what he's heard while memory holds a seat [i.e., still functions] in this distracted globe. Overcoming Racism Friday Morning By Langston. By distracted globe, Hamlet probably means both my distraught head and gender consistency, this crazy world. (The name of the theater, too.) Hamlet already has made up his mind about Claudius and his mother, without the Racism Friday Essay, ghost's help. So before considering whether the ghost is telling the truth, Hamlet calls his mother a most pernicious woman, and says of Claudius one may smile, and smile, and be a villain. We all know that from experience -- most really bad people pretend to be nice and of chemical, friendly. When Hamlet's friends come in, he says, There's never a [i.e., no] villain in all Denmark. He probably meant to say, . as Claudius, but realizes in midsentence that this isn't the thing to say.
He finishes the sentence as a tautology (Villains are knaves.) Hamlet says he thinks the ghost is telling the truth, says he will feign madness (put an antic disposition on -- he doesn't explain why), and (perhaps re-enacting a scene in the old play) swears them to secrecy on his sword and in several different locations while the ghost hollers Swear from below the stage. It's obvious that Hamlet's excitement is comic, and the scene is funny. Overcoming Racism By Langston. Hamlet calls the ghost boy, truepenny, and old mole, and says to his friends, You hear this fellow in the cellarage. Definition Of Recession. It seems to me that Shakespeare is parodying the Overcoming Racism in One Hughes, older play, and Overview, even making fun of the idea of ghosts, and that he's saying, Don't take this plot seriously, but listen to the ideas. Horatio comments how strange this all is, and Hamlet (who likes puns) says that they should welcome the ghost as a stranger in need. There are more things in heaven and earth, Horatio, than are dreamt of in your philosophy. Overcoming Racism In One Friday Morning Essay. (Ethan Hawke has our philosophy. I wonder if this might be what Shakespeare actually wrote.) In Shakespeare's era, philosophy means what we call natural science.
Notice that Horatio, who is definition skeptical of ghosts, is the one who suggests trusting God when the ghost appears, and who will later talk about flights of Overcoming in One Friday Morning by Langston Hughes, angels carrying Hamlet's soul to heaven. About A Basic. Shakespeare's more rational-minded contemporaries (and probably Shakespeare himself) probably did not believe in ghosts. But scientific atheism (scientific reductionism, naïve naturalism) wasn't a clearly-articulated philosophy in Shakespeare's era. Some time has passed. From Ophelia's remarks in III.ii. (which happens the day after II.i), we learn that Old Hamlet has now been dead for four months. Shakespeare telescopes time. We learn (in this scene) that Ophelia has (on Polonius's orders) refused to accept love letters from Hamlet and told him not to come near her. Overcoming Friday Morning Hughes. We learn in the next scene (which follows soon after) that the king and queen have sent to Wittenberg for Hamlet's long-time friends, Rosencrantz and god of literature, Guildenstern (two common Danish surnames), and that they are now here. Hamlet has been walking around aimlessly in the palace for up to four hours at a time.
Polonius, in private, sends his servant Reynaldo to spy on Laertes. Overcoming In One Friday By Langston Essay. Polonius reminds him of god of, how an effective spy asks open-ended questions and tells little suggestive lies. Racism By Langston Essay. Polonius likes to spy. Ophelia comes in, obviously upset. She describes Hamlet's barging into examples, her bedroom, with his doublet all unbraced (we'd say, his shirt open in front), his dirty socks crunched down, and pale and knock-kneed, as if he had been loosèd out of hell / to speak of Overcoming Racism in One Friday Morning, horrors.
Or, as might say, as if he'd seen a ghost. Examples. Hamlet grabbed her wrist, stared at her face, sighed, let her go, and Overcoming Racism in One Morning Hughes Essay, walked out the door backwards. What's happened? Hamlet, who has set about to feign mental illness, is actually just acting on his own very genuine feelings. Hamlet cares very much about Ophelia. He must have hoped for a happy life with her. Now it is painfully obvious that they are both prisoners of a system that will never allow them to have the happiness that they should. If you want to gender consistency, write a good essay, jot down in Overcoming Friday by Langston Hughes Essay, about 500 words what Hamlet was thinking while he was saying nothing. Here's where we really see him starting to be conflicted. Will he strike back, or just play along with Claudius and perhaps marry the woman he loves and 3 types of chemical, be happy? What kind of a relationship can a man who's trying to be upright have in Overcoming in One Friday Morning Hughes Essay, a bad world?
Hamlet says everything and says nothing, just as the skull will do later. When Hamlet acts like a flesh-and-blood human being showing authentic emotions, people like Polonius will say he is insane. Gender. And Polonius suggests Hamlet is Overcoming Racism Friday Morning by Langston Hughes Essay lovesick. Maybe Polonius really believes this. Maybe he just realized that perhaps his daughter might be the next Queen of definition of recession, Denmark. The king and queen welcome Rosencrantz and Guildenstern. Claudius says that except for the death of Hamlet's father, he's clueless as to Racism Morning by Langston, why Hamlet is upset. Hominid Examples. (Uh huh.) He asks them very nicely to try to Morning by Langston Hughes Essay, figure out what's wrong so Claudius can help. (Now Claudius might well be sincere.) Gertrude says she wants them to make Hamlet happy, and that the good and generous king will reward them well. Both say how much they appreciate the opportunity, and Claudius thanks them. Often a director will have Claudius call each by definition, the other's name, and Gertrude point out which is which (lines 33-34).
They go off to find Hamlet. Polonius comes in and announces that the Racism in One Morning Hughes Essay, ambassadors from literature, Norway have returned, and that after their report he will tell them why Hamlet is acting strange. Gertrude thinks that Hamlet is simply distressed over Overcoming Racism in One Morning by Langston Hughes Essay his father's death (which Claudius thought of) and her remarriage (which Claudius pretended he couldn't think of.) The ambassadors are back from Norway. Fortinbras was indeed mounting an army to attack Claudius's Denmark. The King of Norway was sick and supposedly thought Fortinbras was going to literature, invade Poland instead. (Uh huh.) When he learned the truth, the King of Norway arrested Fortinbras, made him promise not to invade Denmark, and paid him to Friday Essay, invade Poland instead. The King of Norway now requests that Claudius let Fortinbras pass through Denmark for the invasion. (Denmark is on hamlet's sanity the invasion route from Norway to Overcoming Hughes, Poland if the hominid examples, Norwegian army is to cross the sea to Denmark.
And we know a sea-invasion was expected from the amount of shipbuilding mentioned in I.i.) This all seems fake and for show, and probably Claudius (who doesn't seem at all surprised) and the King of Norway had an understanding beforehand. As before, Polonius can be a foolish busybody or a sinister old man. (Foolish busybodies do not usually become chief advisors to warrior-kings.) Polonius launches into a verbose speech about finding the cause of madness, prompting the queen to tell him to get to the point (More matter with less art; the queen actually cares about Hamlet.) He reads a love letter from Hamlet. Friday Morning. It's about the genuineness of Essay of Paganism, his love. Overcoming Racism In One Friday Morning Hughes. Polonius asks the king, What do you think of me? The king replies, [You are] a man faithful and honorable. Now Polonius tells a lie. He emphasizes that he had no knowledge of Hamlet's romantic interest in of chemical bonds, Ophelia until she told him and gave him the love letter. Polonius then truthfully tells how he forbade Ophelia to see or accept messages from Hamlet.
However, Polonius does not mention the wrist-grabbing episode. Racism Hughes. He then reminds the king of how reliable an advisor he has always been, and says Take this from this (my head off my shoulders, or my insignia of office from me; the actor will show which is meant) if this be otherwise. He finishes, If circumstances lead me [i.e., allow, the actor could say let], I will find / Where truth is god of literature hid, though it were hid indeed / Within the center [of the earth]. Overcoming Racism In One Friday Morning By Langston Essay. He suggests he and the king hide and watch Ophelia and Hamlet. Polonius likes to spy. At this time, Hamlet (who may have been eavesdropping), walks in reading a book.
Polonius questions him, and Hamlet pretends to be very crazy by giving silly answers. They are pointed, referring to the dishonesty of Polonius (To be honest, as this world goes, is to be one man picked out of ten thousand.) Once again, simply being sincere and genuine looks to the courtiers like being crazy. Hamlet is well-aware that Polonius has forbidden Ophelia to see him, and he refers obliquely to this. Polonius notes in Essay Overview, an aside (a movie director would use a voice-over), Though this be madness, yet there is method in it -- another famous line often misquoted. The speech of the insane, as Polonius notes, often makes the best sense. Why is Hamlet pretending to in One Friday Morning by Langston Hughes Essay, be comically-crazy? He said he would put an of recession antic disposition on just after he saw the ghost.
You'll have to Racism in One Friday Morning by Langston Hughes Essay, think hard about this, or suspend your judgement. Shakespeare was constrained by the original Hamlet story to have Hamlet pretend to be comically insane, and for the king to try to find whether he was really crazy or just faking. But Hamlet is also distraught, and the play is hominid examples largely a study of his emotional turmoil while he is forced to endure a rotten environment. You might decide that Hamlet, knowing that his behavior is going to be abnormal because he is Racism in One Morning Hughes under stress, wants to mislead the court into thinking he is simply nuts rather than bent on examples revenge. (Of course, this is in One Friday Hughes completely unlike his motivation in the original story, where he pretends to be insane so that people will believe he poses no threat.) I've never been able to decide for myself. Polonius leaves, and Rosencrantz and Guildenstern (who have been watching) enter. Hamlet realizes right away that they have been sent for.
They share a dirty joke about Lady Luck's private parts that would have been very funny to Shakespeare's contemporaries, and Hamlet calls Denmark a prison. When they disagree (Humor a madman), Hamlet says There is nothing either good or bad but thinking makes it so. To me it is a prison. Hamlet's Sanity. Hamlet is making fun of Racism in One Essay, how naive his fake friends are, and perhaps wishing he knew less than he did. (Note that Hamlet is obviously not referring to the idea that there are no moral standards common to literature, the whole human race -- as do certain contemporary multiculturalists. The theme of right and wrong pervades the play.) The idea that attitude is everything was already familiar from Montaigne, and Racism in One Friday Hughes Essay, from common sense. Again we have the 3 types of chemical bonds, theme of the play -- Hamlet chooses NOT to ignore the evil around him, though everybody else has, or pretends to have, a good attitude toward a terrible situation. The spies suggest Hamlet is simply too ambitious. This is Racism by Langston ironic, since they are the ones who are spying on their friend for a king's money. Hamlet replies, O God, I could be bounded in a nutshell and count myself a king of infinite space, were it not that I have bad dreams.
The friends continue to play on the idea that Hamlet's ambitious are being thwarted, sharing some contemporary platitudes about the vanity of hamlet's sanity, earthly ambitions. But it seems (from what will follow) that Hamlet's remembering the time when the world seemed like a much happier place -- before he saw the wrongs as they are. Hamlet then questions the Friday Morning by Langston Essay, men again about the purpose of literature, their visit. If they actually cared, they would say, Your family asked us to Racism by Langston Essay, come. We are all very worried about of Paganism, you.
Instead, they pretend they just dropped by to visit, which is Overcoming in One Friday Essay stupid. Only when Hamlet asks them by the rites of our fellowship (i.e., by consistency, our secret fraternity ritual) do they have to tell the in One Friday, truth. (In my own college fraternity, we have the same understanding and a nearly-identical formula.) Hamlet levels with his friends. There was a time when the beauty of the earth, the sky, and the thoughts and accomplishments of the human race filled him with happiness. Of Paganism. (All of this is good Renaissance thought, and Overcoming Racism Friday Morning by Langston Hughes, familiar from many times and places -- and Essay of Paganism, I hope you've felt this as well.) Now he has lost his ability to derive enjoyment, though he knows the earth, sky, and Overcoming in One by Langston Hughes, people should still seem wonderful. Gender Consistency. They seem instead to be the quintessence of dust.
Anyone who's experienced depression knows the feeling. Quintessence (fifth essence; compare Bruce Willis's Fifth Element) was an idea from prescientific thought -- a mystical substance that made fire, air, water, and earth work together, and supposedly what the planets and stars were made of. The two friends then tell Hamlet that some traveling entertainers will be arriving that evening. Overcoming By Langston. They used to have their own theater, but some child-actors became more popular (a contemporary allusion by Shakespeare to hamlet's sanity, the late summer of 1600), and the adult actors took to Racism in One Essay, the road. Hamlet compares the public's changing tastes to the way people feel about his uncle. (Q2 omits the reference to the child actors, but without it, the transition between the actor's losing popularity and the new king gaining popularity makes no sense, so it cannot be an interpolation.) Hamlet quickly and obliquely tell his friends he is Essay about of Paganism only faking (I am but mad north-north-west. In One Morning By Langston. When the hominid examples, wind is southerly, I know a hawk from a handsaw.) The players arrive, heralded by Morning by Langston, Polonius, who Hamlet calls a big baby. Hamlet fakes madness for Polonius's benefit.
He pretends he was talking about something else with his friends, refers obliquely to Ophelia, and gives a Bronx cheer (Buzz buzz). When the players arrive, Hamlet drops the pretense of definition of recession, madness, and greets old friends. One actor repeats a bombastic speech on in One Friday Morning by Langston the fall of Troy, overacting with tears in his eyes. Hamlet asks Polonius to treat the of recession, actors well. Polonius says he'll treat them as they deserve -- actors were considered undesirables. Hamlet says, [Treat them] better. Use every man after his desert [i.e., deserving], and who shall [e]scape whipping? Hamlet gets an Racism Friday Morning by Langston idea. He asks for a performance of The Murder of Gonzago, with a short speech by god of, Hamlet himself added. (Don't try to figure out what happened to this speech.) Everybody leaves. Hamlet soliloquizes. Racism In One Friday Morning Hughes Essay. He calls himself a rogue and a peasant slave.
A rogue was a dishonest person; a peasant slave was an oppressed farm worker. He talks about how the actor got himself all worked-up over something about which he really cared nothing (the fall of Troy). Hamlet contrasts this with his own passiveness in both word and deed. What does Hamlet really mean? He reminds us, at hamlet's sanity the end of the soliloquy, that even though he thinks the ghost is telling the truth, he needs to be sure this is not a demonic deception. In the meantime, though, he hates Claudius with a silent hatred that contrasts with the actor's fake show.
Hamlet calls himself gutless (I am lily-livered and lack gall). Some commentators have taken Hamlet at his word, and thought he is obsessing and/or depressed, both of which interfere with action. But it seems to me that this is simply a human response to being unable to do anything -- we blame ourselves instead of circumstances. Especially, Hamlet is upset that he needs to make compromises with the world in which he finds himself. Perhaps this is confusing -- since Hamlet still doesn't know for sure that the king is guilty.
But it's true to the human experience, and Overcoming Racism in One Friday by Langston Hughes Essay, the ideas that Shakespeare has been developing. Hominid. I hope you'll think about this, and decide for yourself. The next day, the two spies visit with the king and in One Friday by Langston, queen, as well as Polonius, who has brought Ophelia. They say what everybody knows -- Hamlet's crazy talk is Essay A Basic Overview of Paganism crafty madness to hide a secret, and that he really is upset about Morning by Langston, something. They invite the royal couple to the play, and the king seems genuinely glad that Hamlet's found something he will enjoy.
The king sends the gender, queen and the spies away. Polonius gives his daughter a book, plants her where Hamlet will find her, and tells her to pretend she is reading. Polonius tells her (or to the king?), It's all right, dear, everybody pretends. (With devotion's visage / and Racism Essay, pious action we do sugar o'er / the definition of recession, devil himself.) The king sees the application to himself, and Overcoming in One Friday Morning Hughes Essay, says, No kidding. (How smart a lash that speech doth give my conscience!) This is about A Basic of Paganism powerful -- we suddenly learn that the Overcoming Racism in One Friday by Langston Hughes, king feels horrible about his own crime. Maybe this surprises us. If Polonius is a sinister old man and knows all about the murder, the king says this directly to him as they are out of literature, earshot of Ophelia. Polonius can grunt cynically in response -- there's nothing really to Racism in One Friday Morning Hughes Essay, say in reply. If Polonius is a foolish old man, the king says this as an aside. We have just learned that the king really does hate his crime, and suffers under a heavy burden. Hamlet's famous speech on whether it's worthwhile living or doing anything needs little comment.
He says it seems to him that life is not worth living, mostly because people treat each other so stupidly and hamlet's sanity, badly. We also suffer from disease and old age -- even living too long is a calamity. Racism By Langston Hughes. But Hamlet foregoes suicide because something after death might be as bad or worse, if we've taken our own lives or haven't lived. He's saying what many people have felt, especially those who do not assume that the Christian account of the afterlife is true -- or even that there is any afterlife. Notice that Hamlet says that nobody's returned to tell of the afterlife -- the ghost notwithstanding. Of Recession. Shakespeare seems to be saying, loud and clear, Don't focus on the story. Focus on the ideas. Some people have been puzzled by the lines Thus conscience does make cowards of us all; / And thus the Overcoming Friday Morning Essay, native hue of resolution / Is sicklied o'er with the pale cast of thought, / And enterprises of great pitch and moment / With this regard their currents turn awry / And lose the name of definition, action. Not only is Hamlet talking about actual suicide -- he's also talking about lifelong suicide by doing nothing, choosing the easy passive approach to life. Compare this to Hamlet's calling himself gutless merely because he can't kill the king until he has all the facts and a good opportunity. It's human nature to feel cowardly and ineffective when you're unable (or too smart) to take decisive (or rash) action.
Hamlet sees Ophelia, reading a book. He assumes it's her prayer book (she is Overcoming Racism in One evidently not much of a pleasure reader), and asks her to pray for the forgiveness of literature, his sins. Instead, she tries to give him back his love letters, saying he has prove[d] unkind, which is ridiculous. Overcoming Friday Morning By Langston Hughes. Hamlet immediately realizes that she has been put up to this. He responds like a thoughtful man of strong feelings. He generalizes his disappointment with the two women in his life to all women -- I think unfairly. (Watch how his attitude toward women matures later in the play.) But the Olivier movie's torrent of loud verbal abuse seems wrong. God Of. Showing Hamlet's emotional turmoil and conflict seems better.
Rather, Hamlet sees Ophelia being corrupted by the world with which he feels he has already had to compromise. He doesn't want this to happen to the girl about whom he cares so much. Overcoming Racism Morning Hughes. Like most men during breaking up, he says I loved you and 3 types of chemical bonds, I didn't love you. Morning By Langston Hughes. More meaningfully, Hamlet talks about literature, fakeness. He asks where her father is, and must know that she is lying. In One By Langston Hughes. (In Ethan Hawke's version, he finds a wire microphone hidden on Ophelia.) He wants Ophelia to remain good, even as he sees himself becoming compromised. Literature. She would have an opportunity to renounce the world by joining a convent, and he urges her to do so. (Decide for yourself about anything anybody may tell you about nunnery being Hamlet's double-meaning for whorehouse.
I can't make sense out of this in Racism Friday Morning by Langston Hughes, the present context.) In our world, even being beautiful drives people to be dishonest. Disgusted with the world, Hamlet suggests that there be no more marriages -- suicide for the human race. Ophelia thinks Hamlet, who she admired so much, is crazy. (Once again, being genuine looks like insanity.) But the king comes out and says that he thinks that Hamlet is neither in love, nor insane, but very upset about something. Polonius decides he'll get Hamlet to god of literature, talk to his mother next, while Polonius eavesdrops again. Polonius likes to spy. The king decides that he will send Hamlet to England for Overcoming by Langston Hughes Essay the demand of our neglected tribute (i.e., to ask for protection money.) Hamlet gives an of recession acting lesson, mostly about being genuine. He wants to in One Hughes Essay, show people -- body and Essay, mind -- as they are. So does Shakespeare.
He talks with Horatio, and we learn that Horatio is a poor boy who's had bad luck but who doesn't complain. He and Hamlet are genuine friends who know they can trust each other. (A stoical, kindly friend like Horatio is a good choice for the Hamlet who we first meet. After all, he's considering suicide -- a posture that he will outgrow as the play goes on.) Hamlet says, Give me that man / That is not passion's slave, and I will wear him / In my heart's core, ay, in Overcoming Friday Morning by Langston Essay, my heart of heart, / As I do thee. Our society doesn't talk as much about male bonding as Shakespeare's did. Around 1600, guys -- including Shakespeare -- commonly wrote poems for each other, and nobody thought this was weird. Hamlet tells Horatio to watch the king as the players re-enact the murder of Old Hamlet. Hamlet jokes -- first bawdily, then about definition, how his mother looks cheerful despite his father having died only Overcoming in One Morning Essay two hours ago. (Ophelia, who is about Overview literal-minded and thinks he is crazy, corrects him.) The play begins with a dumb show, in which the story is pantomimed. The king and the queen profess love, the king falls asleep, and in One Friday Morning by Langston Hughes Essay, the villain pours poison in the king's ear and seduces the queen. If Polonius is a sinister old man and Claudius's accomplice, he can glance at the king when the poison is poured in the ear.
If Gertrude knows the details of the gender, homicide (the director can decide), she can glance at the king when the poison is poured in the ear, or be outraged herself. Many directors will choose to omit everything after the poison is poured in the dumb show, and have the King get upset and run out right now. Otherwise, the play proceeds, while Hamlet cracks dirty jokes and the king mentions that the story is offensive. Courtiers who are suspicious or in-the-know can shoot glances at the king during the production. Overcoming In One. When the villain pours the literature, poison in the victim's ear, and Overcoming Racism Friday by Langston Essay, Hamlet shouts You will see [next] how the murderer gets the 3 types bonds, love of [the murdered man]'s wife, the king stands up, shouts Give me some light! Away!, Polonius calls for Overcoming Racism Essay torches (Somebody get the lights. Hamlet's Sanity. ), and everybody runs out. It seems to me that the entire Danish court realizes (or will soon realize) that Old Hamlet was murdered by Claudius, and that Hamlet knows too. (Hamlet is about to break through his own mother's denial.) Hamlet and Horatio congratulate each other. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern come back in Overcoming Friday Morning by Langston Hughes, looking for god of literature Hamlet, telling him the king is very angry (duh) and Racism in One Friday Morning by Langston Essay, that his mother wants to see him (king's orders). Hamlet gives them goofy answers, intending to insult them rather than deceive them. Guildenstern asks for straight answers. Rosencrantz says, My lord, you once did love me, and asks why Hamlet is upset.
Hamlet's response is to tell his friends to play the recorders that the actors brought. Neither knows how. Hamlet says they should be able to, since it is as easy as lying. When they still refuse, Hamlet tells them that they can't play him like they would an instrument. Of Chemical Bonds. Once again, Hamlet's genuineness looks like madness.
Polonius comes in, and Hamlet, still talking crazy, gets Polonius to agree that a particular cloud looks like each of three different animals. (Appearance versus reality.) In an aside, he says to the audience that this is as good a job of acting crazy as he can manage. Alone on stage, Hamlet says, Now could I drink hot blood / And do such bitter business as the day / Would quake to look on. (Unfortunately for Overcoming in One Friday by Langston Essay everyone, he is about to do just that, by stabbing Polonius.) He says that he'll keep his temper and not hurt his mother physically. Rosencrantz and A Basic Overview of Paganism, Guildenstern are back with the king, who says Hamlet is dangerous and that he will send him with them to England with a commission. Racism In One Friday Hughes. The two spies talk in Elizabethan platitudes about the sacredness of hominid, kingship, the importance of stability in a monarchy, being holy and religious, and Overcoming Racism Morning Essay, so forth. (Uh huh, uh huh.) The spies leave. Polonius enters and tells Claudius he is going to hide in hamlet's sanity, the bedroom. Claudius thanks him. Now Claudius is by himself.
The play has really affected him. He tries to pray. We get to Overcoming in One Friday Morning by Langston Essay, listen. If this were a contemporary action movie (today's revenge plays), we would simply hate the bad guy and wait for hamlet's sanity him to get his just deserts in Overcoming in One by Langston, the end. Shakespeare probably inherited this scene from his source, but he's done something special and unexpected. By giving Claudius real substance and about of Paganism, depth, Shakespeare has at once imitated life, increased Hamlet's own stature by giving him an enemy with real character, and Overcoming Friday Morning by Langston Hughes, reinforced the theme of appearance against reality. Hamlet wants to take decisive action, but can't. It turns out bonds that Claudius cannot, either. And it's Claudius -- not Hamlet -- who is prevented from Overcoming in One, acting by his own inner turmoil. He hates his crime. He wants to Essay Overview, repent.
He realizes he could come clean, confess all, and part with his crown. and his queen. He realizes that until he is willing to do this, he cannot find forgiveness from God. But he is afraid of the afterlife (where, unlike this world, money cannot defeat justice). And he is disgusted by the murder itself. Claudius is trying hard, and calls on God's angels to help him get up the in One Morning by Langston, courage simply to definition of recession, pray for God's grace. Hamlet enters, sees the Overcoming Racism Morning by Langston Hughes Essay, king unguarded. Perhaps following the plot of the old play, Hamlet spares him, since if he's killed during prayer his soul might end up going to heaven. The actor can say, And so he goes to h. [long pause, he meant to say hell], uh, heaven. Somebody will ask you to say that Hamlet is hamlet's sanity a very bad person for wanting to wait for his revenge until the king is more likely to end up going to hell. It seems to in One Morning by Langston, me that this scene probably was known from the older Hamlet play.
Whatever you make of it, the King's speech is among my favorites. Hominid. Shakespeare has added a special irony that's apparent in Overcoming Racism Morning Hughes, Claudius's words -- he was not even able to pray, only struggling. Polonius hides behind a curtain (arras) in the bedroom. Hamlet comes in. The queen yells at hamlet's sanity him. He yells back.
Hamlet accuses her of killing his father (i.e., complicity, perhaps just not thinking about what she should realize her first husband was murdered). Of course, there is no evidence she actually knows. (In the quarto version, she says she has no knowledge of the murder.) Gertrude seems puzzled. Notice that Hamlet doesn't even mention that he is watching his mother in Racism in One Morning Essay, the Mousetrap scene; of course, she would pass the test. Gertrude gets frightened and yells Help! Polonius behind the curtain yells Help! In the stress of the moment, Hamlet stabs him to hominid examples, death through the curtain. (As a pathologist who's seen plenty of real-life murder, this fits perfectly with the most common scenario. In One By Langston Hughes Essay. Someone who is already very upset feels their basic dignity and personal space has been violated. 3 Types Bonds. And Polonius has done this to Hamlet.) Trying to in One Friday by Langston Hughes Essay, avenge a murder and set things to right, Hamlet has just committed another murder -- this one senseless. But Hamlet is so focused on his mother that he does not even pause to see who he has killed before he accuses his mother of complicity in the murder of his father. (Hamlet doesn't know for sure.) When Polonius's body falls out from behind the curtain, Hamlet remarks he thought it was the king (who he was just with, someplace else), and god of, talks about how being a busybody is dangerous. He turns immediately back to his mother, who is Overcoming Racism Friday by Langston baffled and evidently is just now realizing herself that Claudius is a murderer. (In the quarto version, the queen says something to the effect that she has just now learned of Claudius's guilt.
Perhaps some of the original text of the gender, play has been lost from the Racism in One Friday Hughes Essay, folio version.) Hamlet's speech to his mother has less to do with the murder and gender consistency, how it is wrong than with her sexual misbehavior and her not mourning her loving first husband. Many of us today will see this as a sexual double-standard from Shakespeare's own time. Maybe this is true; in any case, I'm old enough to remember the double standard and how wrong it was. Overcoming In One Morning By Langston Hughes. Instead, focus on the queen's adultery and Essay about Overview of Paganism, ingratitude, wrongs against her former husband. The ghost enters, visible to Racism in One, Hamlet but not to the queen. Elizabethans believed ghosts might be visible to one person but not to another. Perhaps the queen is too morally debased to see the literature, ghost, or perhaps Shakespeare didn't want to clutter his story by having the ghost and the queen have it out between themselves. As Hamlet says he expects, the ghost is there to Overcoming in One Friday by Langston Essay, reinforce how important it is hamlet's sanity that Hamlet take revenge.
But the ghost also asks Hamlet to step between [the queen] and her fighting soul, and help her in this moment of Overcoming in One Friday Morning by Langston Hughes Essay, crisis to make the hominid, right choice. The queen thinks Hamlet is crazy. The ghost leaves. Hamlet tells the Overcoming Racism in One Friday Morning by Langston Hughes Essay, queen not to hominid, dismiss what he has said about her as the result of madness, and says how ironic it is Overcoming Racism in One Morning by Langston Hughes Essay that virtue (his blunt talk to his mother) has to ask pardon for its bad manners. Bonds. Hamlet tells his mother to confess herself to heaven and to repent, and Overcoming Racism, not to of chemical bonds, have sex with the king. Assume a virtue if you have it not is Morning by Langston Essay good advice -- as we'd say today, Fake it 'till you make it, or To be brave, act brave. Carrying out Polonius's body (as in the sources), Hamlet remarks that he's become heaven's scourge and minister against 3 types of chemical bonds, a corrupt world.
He also says it has pleased heaven (God) -- in his killing of the old man -- to Morning by Langston Hughes, punish Polonius for his mean-minded, foolish spying, and to punish Hamlet, who will have to take the consequences of gender consistency, his nasty-and-stupid act. He tells the queen not to reveal that he's feigning madness. He also indicates that he already knows the spies are going to do him mischief on the English trip, and that he has a counter-plan that will destroy them. Exiting, he remarks that for Hughes once, Polonius doesn't have anything to say. We never do figure out why Gertrude cannot see the ghost (if there is a reason). Nor does the scene focus on her realizing that the king is a murderer. Definition. Probably Hamlet couldn't persuade her since he still doesn't have the evidence; she'll only realize this at the climax when she drinks the poison. Overcoming Racism Hughes. Hamlet talks to her, as he does to others (Ophelia, the spies, Horatio) about hamlet's sanity, not being sullied by a crooked, corrupt world. Gertrude has not shown any signs of guilt beforehand, but afterwards, especially in Overcoming Racism in One by Langston Essay, the scenes with Ophelia, she will speak of her guilty conscience.
Now that Hamlet has killed Polonius, he has become himself a murderer and the object of Laertes's just quest for revenge. No reasonable person would consider Hamlet either as culpable as Claudius, or excuse him entirely. (A jury today might be understanding, and even a prosecutor might say, Justifiable homicide.) Just recently, we heard Hamlet talk about his own patient merit. Now Hamlet is all-too-human. But there's something else. In this scene, Hamlet and hominid examples, his mother reaffirm their love for one another. In One Essay. From now on, Hamlet will no longer talk about life not being worth living. Perhaps this is the real turning-point of the play. The queen tells the king what has happened to Polonius, and that Hamlet is insane. The king says he will need to gender consistency, send Hamlet off immediately, make some kind of excuse for him, and think how to protect the king's own good name (uh huh). Line 40 is defective.
It should conclude with something about slander. Hamlet has hidden Polonius's body, and when the spies question him, he talks crazy-crafty but says clearly that he knows they are working for Morning Hughes the king and against him. He warns them that this is dangerous. By now the two spies do not even pretend they care about Hamlet. The king and hominid examples, two or three of his courtiers enter. The king says he cannot arrest Hamlet for fear of riots, but that the public would accept sending him away. The two spies bring Hamlet in.
He talks crazy, commenting that everybody ends up dead in the end -- fat kings and lean beggars end up both food for in One Morning by Langston Hughes Essay worms, simply different menu items. The king tells Hamlet he just go to England, and gives sealed letters to the two spies. He tells them, Everything is of chemical bonds sealed and done. It sounds as if the spies know the contents of the Overcoming in One Morning by Langston Hughes, letters; a director who wishes to make this clear can have the king show the definition, letters to Racism in One Friday by Langston, the spies first. The spies leave with Hamlet. The king, alone, tells the audience that the letters instruct the King of England to kill Hamlet upon his arrival. Fortinbras's army crosses the stage, and Fortinbras drops a captain off to visit the hominid, Danish court. Overcoming Racism In One Morning Essay. The captain meets Hamlet, Rosencrantz, and Guildenstern. Hamlet asks about the army, and god of literature, the captain says that Norway and Poland are fighting a stupid war over a worthless piece of land. Two thousand people are going to get killed over this nonsense. Hamlet says this is the result of rich people not having enough to Overcoming in One Morning by Langston Hughes Essay, do, a hidden evil like a deep abscess rupturing into the blood.
Alone on stage, Hamlet contrasts himself to Fortinbras. Hamlet has something worth doing that he hasn't yet done. Fortinbras is god of busy doing something that isn't worthwhile. Hamlet reaffirms his bloody intentions. You may be asked to comment on this passage. You'll need to Friday Morning, decide for yourself exactly what it means. If you've made it this far, you're up to the challenge. A courtier tells the queen and Horatio that Ophelia is semi-coherent, talking about her dead father and that the world is full of deceptions (There's tricks in the world!) The queen does not want to literature, talk to Overcoming Racism Essay, her; in an aside, she says it will trouble and expose her own guilty conscience. Since the scene in her bedroom, the queen has felt guilty. She speaks of her own sick soul and of sin's true nature; she also worries if she can keep her own composure with her own bad conscinece (So full of artless jealousy is 3 types of chemical bonds guilt, it spills itself in fearing to Racism Friday Morning by Langston Hughes Essay, be spilt.) Horatio suggests that the god of, queen should see Ophelia just for in One Friday Morning by Langston Hughes political reasons.
Ophelia comes in, singing a song about definition of recession, a dead man, then one about premarital sex. When she leaves, the Friday Hughes, king talks to the queen about all the wrong things that have happened -- Polonius killed and quietly buried without a state funeral, Hamlet sent (just[ly]) away, the people confused and upset, and Laertes on hamlet's sanity his way back, angry. (The king is, as usual, a hypocrite; everybody knows how the Overcoming Racism Friday Morning by Langston Hughes Essay, trouble really started.) Just then, Laertes (at the head of a mob) breaks down the castle door. The mob wants Claudius deposed and Laertes crowned king. Laertes runs in, armed, and faces off with Claudius.
He is doing exactly what Hamlet considered doing, and didn't do. 3 Types. Gertrude risks her own life by wrestling Laertes down. Claudius tells her to let him go, because God protects kings (uh huh). Laertes yells, and Claudius asks for a chance to explain. Crazy Ophelia comes in, preposterously arrayed with wild flowers, and making half-sense. Laertes notes that her madness talks more clearly than ordinary words (This nothing's more than matter.) She sings another song about a dead man, and passes out symbolic flowers. Overcoming Racism In One Friday By Langston. You can have fun trying to figure out who gets the rosemary (remembrance, thinking of A Basic, you -- weddings and funerals), who gets the Overcoming in One Essay, pansies (thoughts, a pun on about A Basic Overview pensées), who gets the fennel (flattery / infidelity) and columbines (unchastity), who (with Ophelia) gets the rue (repentance / sorrow; probably Gertrude gets it, as she must wear her rue with a difference as to distinguish two coats of arms, since they have different reasons to be sorry), and who gets the daisies (unrequited love; you know the Racism Friday Morning by Langston, game with the daisy, She loves me, she loves me not). Ophelia regrets there have been no violets (faithfulness and friendship) available since her father died. Later, Laertes will ask violets to grow from hamlet's sanity, Ophelia's body.
Horatio gets a letter from Hamlet. Supposedly he boarded a pirate ship during a sea scuffle. Overcoming In One Morning. The pirates are bringing him back home, knowing they'll get some kind of favor in gender, the future. Rosencrantz and Overcoming Racism Morning by Langston Essay, Guildenstern are on their way to god of literature, England and Hamlet will have more to say about Racism Morning by Langston Hughes Essay, them. The king explains to Laertes that he couldn't arrest or prosecute Hamlet because the queen loves him and he's popular with the common people. He's about to tell Laertes that his revenge is imminent (Don't lose any sleep over that -- l. 31), though he probably plans to tell Laertes the details only after Hamlet is killed in England. Just then a letter comes from Hamlet announcing he's back in 3 types, Denmark. The king already has Plan B. The king says it's such a good plan that even his mother won't be suspicious. Racism Friday. (Uh huh. The plot that Shakespeare inherited has some credibility problems, and Shakespeare does not seem to care.) He will have Laertes have a fencing match with Hamlet.
Laertes will accidentally choose a weapon that is actually sharp, with which he'll kill Hamlet. (Hamlet is most generous, And free from all contriving, so he won't check the swords.) Laertes mentions that he has some blade poison. He must have bought it to use on Claudius (who he thinks is the murderer of Polonius). Even a scratch will kill. 3 Types. (Uh huh, nobody will be suspicious?) Now the Overcoming by Langston Hughes Essay, king decides that for backup (in case Laertes is unable to Essay, stab Hamlet and make it look like an Overcoming by Langston Essay accident), he will have a poisoned drink ready, and Hamlet will want some when he's thirsty. (Uh huh, nobody will be suspicious?) Before you decide that you cannot suspend your disbelief, think about what's really going on. The king knows that the court knows that he's already a murderer, and hamlet's sanity, that they don't care. So nobody will do anything even when the king and Laertes kill Hamlet treacherously in Overcoming Racism Friday Hughes Essay, plain view. The queen comes in, crying. Ophelia was hanging chains of flowers on trees. She climbed a willow that hung out over a river. She fell into the river, simply continued singing, and drowned when her clothes waterlogged. Please note that this is 3 types bonds obviously an accident, not a suicide -- just as when a crazy person walks in front of a bus nowadays.
I think Claudius gives it out as a suicide just to inflame Laertes. We don't know who saw Ophelia drown, or why nobody tried to save her. Overcoming In One Friday Morning. Perhaps an observer from the of recession, castle battlements, or perhaps her last acts were reconstructed from the scene, or perhaps we are asking the wrong question. Two men are digging Ophelia's grave. One asks whether someone who tries to go to Overcoming Racism in One by Langston Hughes Essay, heaven by the short route (suicide) can be given Christian burial. In Shakespeare's time (as Hamlet already mentioned in I.ii.), suicide was considered a sin, and sometimes even unforgivable. Suicides would ordinarily be buried in unconsecrated ground without a Christian service. Sometimes they'd be buried at a crossroads (as a warning to everybody not to do the same), and sometimes with a stake through the 3 types of chemical bonds, heart (to prevent them from rising as undead, of Racism in One Friday Hughes, course.)
The men joke about hominid examples, how politics has influenced the in One Friday Essay, coroner's decision to allow Christian burial. Hamlet's Sanity. They parody lawyer talk (Maybe the water jumped on her, instead of her jumping into the water. Or maybe she drowned herself in Overcoming Racism in One Friday by Langston Essay, her own defense.) They say what a shame it is that, in our corrupt world, rich people have more of a right to commit suicide than do poor people. Hamlet and gender, Horatio walk in. The gravedigger sings a contemporary song about having been in love and Overcoming in One Friday Morning, making love, and thinking it was great, but now being dead and in a grave as if he'd never lived at all. The marks -a- signify his grunting as he shovels. He tosses up a skull.
Hamlet (incognito) asks who is to be buried, the men exchange wisecracks about death and Hamlet's insanity. God Of. The gravedigger says he has been working at this trade since the very day that Hamlet was born. Racism Friday Hughes. (Thus the gravedigger comes to stand for Hamlet's own mortality.) Hamlet asks about dead bodies, makes a four-way pun on the word fine, and jokes about chop-fallen (in the living it means frowning, but the skull has lost its chop, i.e., jawbone.) Loggits is the game we call horseshoes. Let her paint an inch thick is a reference to the new fashion of women wearing make-up. Even the jester couldn't make someone laugh about the fact that -- makeup or no -- death and its ugliness are inevitable. The gravedigger tells him which skull belonged to 3 types of chemical bonds, the court jester, Yorick. Hamlet also remembers Yorick's jokes and his kindness. But there is more. In the medieval and Racism in One Morning Essay, renaissance world, it was the special privilege of the court jester to tell the A Basic Overview of Paganism, truth. He could do this without fear of reprisals. In Shakespeare's plays (notably Twelfth Night, As You Like It, and King Lear), the jester's role as truth-teller is central.
Hamlet has dealt with the themes of honesty, dishonesty, and truth-telling. In this most famous scene of all, Yorick tells the truth without saying a word. We all end up in the same place, dead. The funeral party comes in, and Hamlet recognizes maimed rites, i.e., much of the era's normal Christian burial service is eliminated because of the suspicion of suicide. Hamlet and Racism by Langston Hughes, Horatio hide. Laertes protests the fact that the service is hominid examples limited. The pastor's reply is organized religion at its worst.
Laertes says the Friday Morning by Langston, priest is the one who will go to hell. He jumps into the grave, picks up the definition of recession, corpse and embraces it, and launches into in One Morning, a bombastic speech. Hamlet comes out and jumps into the grave too. He calls himself Hamlet the literature, Dane, claiming the royal title. (In Shakespeare's era, a monarch was called by the name of his country for short.) Shakespeare's heroes all develop as people, and many people (myself included) dislike Hamlet's attitude toward women as evidenced in the first half of the play. But in striking contrast to the nunnery scene, he now proclaims boldly, I loved Ophelia. Overcoming Racism Friday Morning Hughes Essay. Laertes drops the corpse and starts choking Hamlet. Separated, Hamlet parodies Laertes's bombastic speech. Horatio takes Hamlet off and gender, the king says to Laertes, Good. Now we have an excuse for a duel right away. Hamlet is explaining to Horatio about how he substituted his own letter to in One Morning, the King of god of literature, England, ordering the execution of the spies. (He used flowerly language, though he hated doing it -- he even mentions that he was trained to write like that, and worked hard to in One by Langston, forget how.
Again, this is the theme of sincerity.) Hamlet already had a pretty good idea of what the English trip was all about, so his having a copy of the royal seal, and some wax and paper, is no surprise (as he already indicated at the end of the bedroom scene.) Surprisingly, Hamlet talks about god of literature, reading and changing the Overcoming Hughes, letters on an impulse, and has a famous line, There's a divinity that shapes our ends / Rough-hew them how we will. Rough-hew was to Essay of Paganism, carve the basics of a woodcarving or sculpture, with the fine-shaping to follow. Horatio (who seems more inclined to Overcoming by Langston, faith in God than do the other characters) agrees: That is about A Basic most certain. Overcoming In One Friday Essay. Since this doesn't make perfect sense with the plot, Shakespeare probably placed it here for philosophic reasons, especially given what is consistency about to happen -- coincidences (Providence?) are going to work events out for Hamlet's cause. There seems to be some mysterious design behind life that makes things work out and gives life its meaning. Unfortunately for Hamlet and other decent people, it doesn't always bring about altogether happy endings. Still, it's grand being part of Overcoming Racism in One Friday by Langston, things. One can find similar ideas in Montaigne, Proverbs 16:9, and the modern Christian saying, A person proposes, God disposes. Bring your own life experience -- do you know of anyone who had been considering suicide who was comforted and perhaps dissuaded by the notion that somehow the universe (if not a personal God) would somehow work everything out?
Do you think this is true? I can't answer. Horatio remarks that it'll only be a short time before the 3 types, king finds out about the execution of the spies. Hamlet says life itself is short (The interim is mine, / And a man's life's no more than to say 'One'.) Osric brings Laertes's challenge, Hamlet accepts. The king has bet heavily on in One Friday Morning Essay Hamlet, probably to divert suspicion. Don't try to hamlet's sanity, figure out the terms of the bet -- the two accounts contradict each other. Hamlet admits foreboding to Racism in One Friday Morning by Langston Essay, Horatio, and both suspect foul play is imminent. But Hamlet decides to go forward anyway. We defy augury -- Hamlet is not going to let his apprehensions interfere with his showing courage and doing what he must.
There is special providence in the fall of a sparrow. This is an allusion to the gospel. God knows every sparrow that falls. Mark Twain (The Mysterious Stranger) pointed out that the sparrow still falls. Hamlet is about to die, too, although God is watching. Essay Overview Of Paganism. Hamlet notes that death is going to come, sooner or later. Overcoming Racism Morning Essay. The readiness is all -- being ready to consistency, live and die with courage and integrity is all the answer that Hamlet will find for death. Hamlet points out that nobody really knows what death is, so why be afraid to Overcoming in One Morning by Langston, die young? Let be -- don't fight it. Is Let be the answer to To be or not to be? (!). The duel is set up.
In Q1 and Q2, they bring foils (long slender swords) and daggers; in Q2 and F foils and gauntlets (metal gloves). Hamlet puns on foil, a metal backing that made gemstones shine brighter; he will make Laertes look even more the champion fencer. Of Recession. (Thanks to Hamlet, foil has come to mean any character who contrasts with the Overcoming Racism Friday Morning by Langston Hughes, hero, showing up what kind of person the definition, hero is.) Hamlet apologizes to Laertes, and blames his distracted mental state -- he wasn't himself. (There is a parallel in in One Morning Essay, Romans 7-8). As the king expected, Hamlet is not at definition of recession all suspicious about the swords, and merely asks whether they're all the same length. In the Overcoming Racism Friday by Langston Hughes, first round, Hamlet tags Laertes (who is thinking about the poison and perhaps doesn't have his heart really in hominid, it). Overcoming Racism In One Hughes Essay. The king drops the poison in the cup, pretending he thinks it's a pearl. (Okay, this is silly.) Whether the court thinks the pearl is to be dissolved in acidified wine and gender consistency, drunk (occasionally done as conspicuous-consumption), or is Overcoming in One Friday Morning by Langston Hughes Essay a gift to Hamlet, you'll need to hominid examples, decide for yourself. The king probably takes a drink (from another cup, or he drinks before the Overcoming in One Friday Hughes Essay, poison is dissolved, or he just pretends to drink.) The queen mentions that Hamlet is fat and literature, out of Overcoming Racism in One Friday Morning by Langston Hughes Essay, breath. Fat just means sweating, so she wipes his forehead. In the second round, Hamlet hits Laertes again. The queen grabs the cup and drinks despite the king's warning.
We'll never know whether she has just realized what is going on, and consistency, wants to save Hamlet's life and Racism Morning Hughes Essay, maybe end her own miserable existence. Gender Consistency. (She does realize quickly that the cup is poisoned. People who are really poisoned without their knowledge just think they are suddenly sick.) Laertes says in an aside that he's having moral qualms about killing Hamlet by treachery. The third round ends in Overcoming Racism in One Friday Morning Hughes Essay, a draw (perhaps locked weapons), then Laertes reaches out and scratches Hamlet illegally when he is 3 types of chemical not looking. (When Laertes begins a round, he says Come; when he says Have at you now, it signals something illegal.) They scuffle (because of the illegal blow, Hamlet is incensed). During the Overcoming Friday Hughes, scuffle, they exchange swords. This was a recognized move in fencing. One fencer would grab the other's hand with his free hand (usually with a metal glove) or strike it with his dagger.
The right response was for the other fencer to do the same, and consistency, swords could then be exchanged. On stage, the exchange is usually done by having Hamlet disarm Laertes with his sword, which flies up. Morning By Langston. Hamlet puts his foot on the sharp poisoned sword (he knows it's sharp, but not that it's poisoned, and he intended to A Basic Overview of Paganism, scratch Laertes back). Hamlet gives his own sword to Laertes, fights again, and inflicts a deeper wound on him, explaining why Laertes dies quicker. The queen announces the drink is poisoned, and drops dead. Overcoming Racism. Laertes tells everything, and shouts The king's to blame! For the first time, Hamlet can kill the king and have people realize he was right. Hamlet stabs the king with the poisoned blade, then forces the poisoned beverage down his throat.
Elizabethans pretended to hamlet's sanity, believe that kings were sacred, so Shakespeare had to Racism Friday Hughes, have everybody shout Treason, but nobody does anything. (If the director wishes, the guards and court can draw their own weapons and definition, surround the king. Horatio can show the in One Friday by Langston Hughes, letters to England at this time, too.) Hamlet says he is dying, and Horatio offers to god of literature, commit suicide like a Roman soldier when his side was defeated. Hamlet drinks the poison instead, to ensure Horatio won't. If Hamlet saw no reason to Racism Friday Essay, live, then Horatio has one -- to tell the truth about Hamlet. In the final scene, Fortinbras happens by, as do the English with word of the spies' execution. In the last irony, Fortinbras has gotten his land back, and his own father's death avenged. Hamlet's Sanity. Horatio says he'll tell about accidental judgments, i.e., people have gotten their just deserts through seeming accidents -- the Racism Morning Essay, theme of God working in the world to hamlet's sanity, make things right.
Fortinbras calls for Overcoming Racism in One Morning military honors to be shown Hamlet's body. Some people will see this recovery of gender consistency, ceremonial to mean things are right with the world again. Others will simply see one more example of in One Morning Essay, power passing in an unfair world -- as it was in the real Dark Ages. Consistency. In Ingmar Bergman's production of Hamlet, Fortinbras's words, Bid the soldiers shoot! is their signal to pull out their guns and slaughter Horatio and the rest of the surviving Danish court. Shakespeare's Hamlet was a remake of an already popular play, based in turn on historical fiction, based in turn on an episode from the Racism Morning by Langston Hughes, Dark Ages, the hominid, lawless, might-makes-right era that followed the collapse of Friday Hughes Essay, Roman-era civilization. The Historical Hamlet was the son of a Danish King of the Jutes, who lived during the Dark Ages. The warlord was assassinated and hamlet's sanity, his crown usurped by his brother. This was a coup, not a secret murder. According to current superstition, anyone who killed a crazy person risked acquiring the same disease from the in One Friday by Langston Essay, victim's spirit. Therefore, the murdered warlord's son pretended to be crazy, acquiring the nickname Amlothi, crazy person. Eventually he killed his uncle and became King of the Jutes in turn.
He ruled successfully, and the nickname stuck. The Geneologies [my link is A Basic now down] record Amleth, King of Denmark. Overcoming Racism Morning Hughes Essay. They show that he married a Scottish princess named Herminthrud (Hermutrude). He was eventually killed in god of literature, battle. He is buried in Denmark in a field called Ammelhede (Hamlet's Heath) to this day. In a strange twist of fate, Herminthrud married one Viglek, also King of Overcoming in One Hughes, Denmark, the definition, man whose army defeated and killed Hamlet.
Michael Skovmand, Dept. of English at U. of Aarhus, Denmark, shared this with me: There is a Frisian runic inscription from about 700 AD to the effect that On a cliff Amleth put up resistance (translated from Danish: På en klint satte Amled sig til værge). There is a consensus that Amleth was a local prince in Jutland in Overcoming Racism Morning by Langston Hughes Essay, the 7th century. But there is more, albeit circumstantial evidence which points to a pre-Saxo Amleth. A report from a vicar north of gender consistency, Aarhus in Overcoming, Jutland from 1623 describes a locality called Ammelhede where according to local legend Amled lies buried.
The details of this report shows how Amled existed in popular memory, independent of Saxo which at hamlet's sanity that time had only existed in Danish a hundred years and Morning Hughes, had practically no readership beyond the clergy and a few academics. Hominid. Ammelhede exists to this very day, and in Morning by Langston Hughes Essay, 1933 the local tourist board put up a stone with this memorial inscription: Amled ypperste / Oldtids-snille / teed sig tåbe / Til HĎvnens time / Kaaret paa ting / Af jyder til konge/ H jsat han hviler / Paa Ammel Hede ( = Amled the Essay Overview, greatest / Craftiest of Old / Acted a fool / Until the hour of in One Friday by Langston Essay, revenge / Elected at the Ting / by Jutes to be king / raised high he rests / at Ammel Heath [my translation]) So next time you visit Denmark, stop by Ammelhede, a few miles to the south-east of Randers -- don't even think about visiting the bogus 'Hamlet's Grave' between Elsinore and Copenhagen! In Saxo, Hamlet pretends to think that the beach sand is ground grain. This is about Overview ancient, being repeated explicitly in an old Norse saga (the Prose Edda) that refers to the ocean-wave nymphs who ground Hamlet's grain. (Kennings sometimes alluded to other stories that the audience would know.) The ancient Roman, Lucius Junius Brutus, also feigned insanity while awaiting his revenge. This gave the Morning by Langston, family its name (brute = unthinking animal), and hamlet's sanity, it was passed along to the Brutus who killed Caesar. David (I Samuel) also once feigned madness to deceive Saul.
In our era, organized crime leader Vincente Gigante is said to have feigned madness. There is a historical novel, now hard to find, about the historical Hamlet entitled The War of Overcoming Racism Friday Hughes, Jutish Succession. Royal Deceit is of recession a B-movie, not released in theaters, adapted from Morning, Saxo. I'd appreciate knowing of of chemical, any good links. Amled -- Viking Theater play based on Saxo. Link is Overcoming in One Friday by Langston Hughes now down. Prince of Jutland -- Danish movie based on consistency Saxo.
Christian Bale is Hamlet. Saxo Grammaticus Historia Danica , written around 1200, presents a highly-fictionalized (actually silly) version of the Overcoming Morning by Langston Hughes Essay, story. Horwendil, warlord of Jutland, kills the definition, King of Racism in One Hughes, Norway in single combat and is given Gurutha, daughter of the King of Denmark. Their son is Amleth. Horwendil's jealous brother Feng murders Horwendil and marries Gurutha. The murder is no secret. (The historical Macbeth killed an enemy in god of, public, and in One Friday, promptly married his victim's wife, who became Lady Macbeth.) Gurutha is A Basic happy enough, especially when Feng claims he killed Horwendil to protect Gurutha from impending mistreatment. Amleth pretends to be crazy. Feng tries to Morning, find out whether he is really crazy, or just pretending. First, Feng puts an definition attractive woman in the woods where Hamlet will find her, and observes secretly.
Amleth is Racism Morning by Langston Hughes Essay warned of the plot, and takes the woman off for a private date. They have a great time, having been childhood friends, and she tells Amleth everything. Next, Feng hides a courtier under some straw to eavesdrop on Amleth's conversations with his mother. Amleth suspects a trap, pretends to think he is a chicken, jumps around on the straw, stabs the eavesdroper to death through the straw, cuts the body up, and gender, tosses it into the sewer where it is eaten by the pigs. Amleth has a long speech in which he calls his mother a whore and makes her sorry. She agrees to help him.
She begins weaving a net to entrap Feng's courtiers. Feng sends Amleth to King of Britain with two courtiers who carry sealed letters asking the King of Britain to execute Amleth. Amleth finds these and substitutes different letters asking for the execution of the courtiers and that Amleth be given the King of Britain's daughter in marriage. Again, this all works out for Amleth. At the British court, Amleth demonstrates his abilities at Overcoming Friday Morning by Langston Hughes Essay psychic divination. Amleth returns a year later. He arrives at Feng's court, where he again pretends to be insane. He plays with his sword and cuts himself, and the guests nail his sword to its scabbard. Amleth plays host, gets everybody drunk, flings a net woven by his mother over the drunken courtiers, and burns the king's house. Feng is hominid examples asleep nearby.
Amleth goes into Feng's bedroom, exchanges swords with the Racism in One Morning by Langston Hughes Essay, sleeping Feng, then awakes him and challenges him to single combat. Consistency. Feng now has the Overcoming Racism Friday Hughes Essay, sword that is nailed to gender, the scabbard, and Amleth kills him. Amleth goes on to become a successful Viking looter and warlord, finally dying in battle. Overcoming Racism In One Morning By Langston Essay. Saxo confirms that Amleth's Scottish wife betrayed him and married Wiglek (Viglek), the man who had killed him in battle. Belleforest's Histories Tragiques was a book of stories in French from 1576. Belleforest adapted Saxo's historical fiction. The queen committed adultery before the murder of god of literature, Hamlet's father. Hamlet is melancholy and brooding.
There is a lot of dialogue. Hamlet's very long speech in Racism by Langston, his mother's bedroom is about Overview closely followed by Shakespeare. There was an English translation in Overcoming Morning by Langston Hughes Essay, 1608, The History of Hamblet (sic.) ; it borrows Shakespeare's A rat! A rat!, and specifically makes the covering through which the spy is stabbed into a wall hanging. My link to definition, Belleforest in translation is now down.
Please let me know if this ever reappears online. The Spanish Tragedy was a revenge play by Thomas Kyd with several similarities to Shakespeare's Hamlet. Friday Morning By Langston Hughes Essay. It may be a companion-piece to the original Hamlet play, that Kyd probably also wrote. The background is one of international political intrigue. A ghost reveals a secret murder (but to the audience, not the hero). The hero (who learns of a murder via a letter) must decide whether a murder was really committed, and by whom. The hero acts crazy; it is not clear how much of this is pretending. The hero upbraids himself for about A Basic delaying, although his only problem is Friday by Langston figuring out how to kill a king surrounded by god of literature, guards. There is a play-within-the-play.
The bad guys play roles, and are actually killed onstage. There are several records of Racism in One Morning Hughes, a play, performed in 1594 at Newington Butts outside London, and probably earlier, about Hamlet. God Of Literature. It is described as a tragedy with a ghost crying Hamlet, revenge!. The play was evidently never published, and in One Morning by Langston Essay, of course we do not have the manuscript. Thomas Nashe wrote in 1589 in 3 types of chemical bonds, his introduction to a book by Robert Greene, English Seneca read by Overcoming Racism Friday by Langston Essay, candlelight yields many good sentences -- as 'Blood is a beggar' and so forth; and if you entreat him fair on a frosty morning he will offer you whole Hamlets, I should say handfuls, of tragical speeches! Nashe is mostly spoofing Thomas Kyd, who wrote blood-and-thunder revenge plays. So Kyd is probably the author of the first Hamlet play. In 1596, Thomas Lodge wrote about the ghost which cried so miserably at the theater, like an oyster wife, 'Hamlet revenge!'. We can assume that this play had the literature, murder a secret, and a ghost to reveal it to Hamlet. Some people will tell you that this play must be the Racism Friday Morning Hughes, source of these plot elements, which fit with the genre:
Hamlet's death and the surrounding circumstances. You can decide for yourself; we're not going to know whether these were introduced by Kyd (or whoever wrote the first Hamlet play) or by Shakespeare. It contains elements that distinguish it from the other versions we have of Shakespeare's Hamlet. They might perhaps come from the older Hamlet play, via the actor's reconstruction. The spy is called Corambis, not Polonius.
His servant is 3 types bonds Montano, not Reynaldo. The queen assures Hamlet she knew nothing of the murder -- but Hamlet hasn't even told her about Overcoming Racism in One Friday Morning, it. The queen promises to of chemical bonds, conceal, consent, and do her best to in One Friday by Langston, aid Hamlet in his revenge against gender consistency, the king. The queen warns Hamlet, via Horatio, of a plot. Whenever there is disagreement between Q1 and Q2 or F, Q1 is inferior -- making less sense, or not sounding so good. Some of the stage directions tell us things that we wouldn't know from other sources. The ghost comes into Overcoming Racism Hughes Essay, the queen's bedroom in his pajamas (night gown);
Ophelia plays the lute (an early kind of guitar) when she's crazy. When Hamlet and hominid examples, Laertes fight, they catch one another's rapiers. Here is Hamlet's most famous speech as it appears in the Bad Quarto. To be, or not to Overcoming in One Morning Hughes Essay, be, aye, there's the point, To die, to definition of recession, sleep, is that all? Aye, all. No, to sleep, to dream, aye merry, there it goes, For in that dream of death, when we awake, And borne before an everlasting Judge,
From whence no passenger ever returned, The undiscovered country, at those sight. The happy smile, and Overcoming Morning Hughes, the accursed damned. But for consistency this, the joyful hope of this, Who'd bear the scorns and flattery of the world, Scorned by the right rich, the Racism Morning by Langston Essay, rich cursed of the god of literature, poor? The widow being oppressed, the Overcoming Racism Morning Hughes Essay, orphan wronged, The taste of hunger, or a tyrant's reign, And thousand more calamities besides,
To grunt and sweat under this weary life, When that he may his full quietus make, With a bare bodkin? Who would this endure, But for a hope fo something after death?
Which puzzles the brain, and doth confound the god of literature, sense, Which makes us rather bear those evils we have, Than fly to others that we know not of. Aye that, oh this conscience makes cowards of us all. First Quarto (1603) -- visit here to see just how bad the bad quarto is. Warning: This link crashed my IE browser twice. Antonio's Revenge by John Marston, is Racism Friday mentioned by a contemporary source as 1601, and has a very similar plot to Shakespeare's Hamlet. The murdered man's wife marries his murderer, and the murdered man's ghost calls his son to revenge. The son pretends to be insane, and is melancholy. He walks around in black reading a book. There is a play-within-a-play for no reason.
The son foregoes an opportunity to kill the murderer in hopes of of recession, a better revenge later. The ghost speaks from beneath the Overcoming Racism Friday Morning by Langston Hughes, stage, and reappears in the mother's bedroom. The son's girlfriend dies of a broken heart. Probably Marston was using Shakespeare's plot, since Shakespeare has a literary source and Marston doesn't. Der Bestrafte Brudermord (Fratricide Punished) is a German play that is 3 types obviously an adaptation of Shakespeare's Hamlet, which it resembles in contradistinction to Friday Hughes Essay, Belleforest. A ghost appears to Francisco, Horatio, and the other guards at gender the beginning. Hamlet says he is Overcoming Hughes sick at heart over definition his father's death and his mother's remarriage. Hamlet wants to go back to Racism Friday by Langston Hughes, Wittenberg but the king asks him to stay in Denmark. Corambus's son Leonhardus goes to god of, France. The king gets drunk, as is Overcoming in One his habit. The ghost tells how he was killed by having hebona poured in his ear.
Hamlet makes Horatio and literature, the guards promise not to tell what they have seen. They swear in several locations. The ghost calls on them to swear from Overcoming in One Friday Morning by Langston Essay, below ground. Hamlet begins acting crazy. Gender. Corambus remembers his own youth, and suggests that Hamlet is in love. Hamlet tells Ophelia to go to a nunnery. Hamlet stages a play-within-a-play.
The king's guilt is Overcoming Racism in One Friday by Langston Essay revealed by his reaction when poison is gender consistency poured into Overcoming Racism in One by Langston Hughes Essay, the player-king's ear. Hamlet comes upon the king at prayer, but spares him so that his soul will not go to heaven. Hamlet kills Corambus by stabbing him through a tapestry. Hamlet talks to his mother and is visited again by the ghost, who says nothing. Ophelia goes crazy and commits suicide by about of Paganism, jumping off a cliff. The two spies take Hamlet to an island off Dover, where they reveal their intention to shoot him. They stand on in One Friday Morning Hughes either side and 3 types of chemical, let him give the signal. He ducks and they shoot each other. Hamlet finds that they carried letters instructing the English king to execute him if their plot fails.
Hamlet, the king, the queen, and Leonhardus all die in the same ways as in Shakespeare's play. The king uses diamond dust as poison. (That won't work. -- Ed the Pathology Guy.). What's more, the scenes and narrative proceed in the same order as in Shakespeare's play. Somebody will tell you that the Overcoming in One Morning by Langston Essay, old man's name being Corambus is proof that Der Bestrafte Brudermord must therefore derive from the older Hamlet play. This seems silly to me. I'd conclude, rather, that in the first run of Shakespeare's Hamlet, Polonius and Reynaldo were named Corambis and Montano, and that Shakespeare changed their names for some reason.
Der Bestrafte Brudermord has some other points of agreement with Q1 against Q2, but even more with Q2 against Q1. So both seem to definition of recession, be adaptations of Racism Friday Morning Essay, Shakespeare's original. So what did Shakespeare add? Shakespeare was constrained by his plot and genre to have Hamlet's revenge delayed, and to have Hamlet talk about being frustrated. Definition Of Recession. Belleforest provided the Friday Morning Hughes, essential plot. About Overview Of Paganism. The old Hamlet play, which we do not have, must have contributed other elements. Shakespeare adds more. The play is very long, and Overcoming Racism Friday Hughes, must have been trimmed for production.
So Shakespeare must have written much of it to please himself. We also have another hint that Hamlet is hamlet's sanity Shakespeare's mouthpiece -- Shakespeare named his own son Hamnet. Overcoming In One Morning By Langston Hughes Essay. His neighbors in Stratford were Hamnet and Judith Sadler, and Hamlet's name was sometimes spelled Hamlet. Hamnet Shakespeare died in August 1596. To discern an author's intent, look for material that does not specifically advance the plot, typify the genre, or have strong mass-audience appeal. Here is what Shakespeare added. Hamlet considers suicide, and bonds, talks about it in words to which most of us can relate. Mostly, it's people's stupid mistreatment of other people that makes him think life is not worth living. The one extended reference to Christianity (the rooster crows all night in the Christmas season) is a beautiful legend that is Overcoming Racism Morning by Langston Essay obviously not true. Hamlet's father, who he remembers so fondly, is burning in the afterlife for his sins.
Either Hamlet's father was not such a fine person as Hamlet says, or the afterlife itself is as unfair as our own world. (Of course Shakespeare could not talk about this possibility openly.) Speaking of the afterlife. Hamlet, considering suicide, mentions that no one has ever returned from the god of, afterlife with any details. This is despite the fact that we just saw him talking to a ghost. I think Shakespeare is saying, This story is Overcoming in One Morning by Langston fiction.
The ideas Hamlet talks about are basic to human experience. The girl who is used as a spy on Hamlet is one about whom he cares very much, and hamlet's sanity, who may be pregnant by him. In the Overcoming Racism Friday Morning, original, the spy who gets killed in the bedroom is a nobody, a throw-away person killed as casually as in a bad action movie. The spy who Hamlet kills in his mother's bedroom is not only 3 types bonds somebody we have gotten to know -- he is the father of the woman Hamlet loves. In One Friday By Langston Hughes. Hamlet stabs him just because he is distraught and not thinking clearly. Hamlet -- who lives in gender consistency, a bad world -- himself becomes culpable. Shakespeare does not allow us to overlook this. The two spies who Hamlet sends to their deaths are his college fraternity brothers. It is not absolutely certain that they actually intend Hamlet any harm.
It's just conceivable that they are too stupid to realize what's going on. Hamlet is interested in acting, and Overcoming Racism Essay, coaches actors. About Overview Of Paganism. One player over-acts, and Hamlet reflects on how people pay more attention to make-believe than to real life. In the prayer scene, Shakespeare lets us listen to Racism Friday by Langston Essay, the King as he tries to repent his crime, and fails. About A Basic Overview. The king gains much stature and Racism in One Friday by Langston Hughes Essay, some sympathy. Hamlet talks to Essay about A Basic Overview, a foot soldier who knows that the war is stupid and that he is likely to die for no good reason. Hamlet reflects that this dumb war is the result of rich people having nothing to do. The gravediggers crack jokes about death and suicide, remarking on how a politics and money allowed the girl to receive a minimal Christian burial. Racism Friday Morning By Langston Hughes. The priest's remarks to Laertes show organized dogmatism at its most heartless. (In fact, this pathologist thinks Ophelia probably died accidentally.)
Hamlet handles Yorick the beloved jester's skull and gender, meditates on how everybody ends up dead in the end. Hamlet likes the man with whom he fights his duel. Hamlet has wronged Laertes as Claudius has wronged Hamlet, and Hamlet knows it. Hamlet tells Horatio he think that perhaps there's a divinity that shapes our ends and this made him board the pirate ship. From time to time, Hamlet talks about Overcoming Friday Morning, a sense that he is God's agent, with his steps guided by divine providence.
But the death-scene itself is 3 types bonds explicitly without any Christian comfort. In Q1 (recalled by the actor either from the earlier play, or from Overcoming Racism in One Morning Hughes, what a good-guy hero might be expected to hamlet's sanity, say), Hamlet's last words were, Heaven receive my soul. Instead, Shakespeare's Hamlet speaks cryptic last words: The rest is Overcoming Racism Morning by Langston Essay silence. Generally, Hamlet talks a great deal about death and disease, without any suggestion of an orthodox religious faith to make it meaningful or bearable. Almost all readers and viewers come away from A Basic, Hamlet liking the prince very much. Overcoming Racism In One Morning By Langston. He is a thinker, and he is funny.
We see into his own mind, and discover him to be genuine and sincere. We admire him for resisting the evil around him. But Hamlet is both stupid and mean when he kills Polonius. And it is hard to like his nasty, bitter outlook on life in examples, the first half of the play. Especially, if you do not like everything about today's teenaged Goth culture (wearing black, being clever and disrespectful, playing with people's feelings, complaining that life seems meaningless and empty), you won't like everything about the Overcoming Racism in One Friday Morning Essay, Hamlet who we meet at the beginning. If this were an action-movie or something by one of Shakespeare's contemporaries, the prince might be entirely sympathetic, and his enemies altogether despicable.
It's characteristic of Shakespeare's later tragedies that our sympathies are always divided. Some of the most powerful serious movies (Shane, Unforgiven, Hoodlum -- all are revenge plays) have the same moral ambiguity. You can find examples from classical tragedy as well (Agamemnon, Medea, many more). In Hamlet, Shakespeare explains why he writes in this way -- he intends to hold a mirror up to nature, to show us ourselves. I know not 'seems'. -- Hamlet. I'd already noticed when I was formally taught it in my medical school psychiatry course. Gender Consistency. For most twenty-year-olds, the Racism by Langston Hughes, biggest life-issue is, What has happened to most forty-year-olds that caused them to lose the ideals and the authenticity of youth? For most forty-year-olds, the hamlet's sanity, biggest life-issue is, How did I lose the ideals and authenticity that made me who I was when I was twenty?
It's no coincidence that college Greeks profess high ideals. It's what makes them work. for people not yet corrupted by the world. Teenaged Holden Caulfield (Catcher in Friday Morning, the Rye) described the shams of the phony society of the wealthy, and of chemical, heard Hamlet had talked about the same theme. Overcoming Morning By Langston. He plans to read the hamlet's sanity, play eventually. In the Overcoming Friday by Langston Essay, 1970's, it was usual for people to call each other phony if they thought differently about something, and there was no defending against it. Mark Twain's Huckleberry Finn uses another young person to comment on the falsity of adult society. Huck lives fairly well, as Hamlet does. Huck speaks only by his actions, without Hamlet's eloquence. Mark Twain uses humor and irony to show how much finer Huck is than his betters. The king holds a ceremonious first-public-meeting in I.ii.
Polonius is god of literature buried without ceremony. Ophelia gets a limited ceremony. At the end, Fortinbras holds a ceremonial memorial for Hamlet. In Macbeth, we are treated to a spectacle from the Overcoming Racism in One Hughes, same era of god of, warlords that gives the setting for Overcoming in One Morning Hughes Hamlet. Everybody knows Macbeth killed Duncan, and gender consistency, nobody intends to in One Friday Morning by Langston Hughes, do anything to bring him to hamlet's sanity, justice, preferring the stability provided by Racism Friday, another capable leader. In Hamlet's court, everybody (not just Hamlet, and probably even his mother) must suspect Claudius to be a murderer. After the play-within-the-play, it's obvious. Son: Dad, what's the difference between ignorance and apathy? Dad: Son, I don't know and I don't care. -- Contemporary.
At the end, Hamlet's fideism, a vague faith in God's ability to sort out the mess of this world without any more specific religious dogma, is the kind of of recession, faith that many honest, thinking people have reached in our own day. Elizabethans talked of God's general providence (the goodness and intelligence that created and sustains the Friday Morning, world) and God's special providence (God guiding events subtly to make things work out for the right.) You will need to decide for yourself whether special providence is at work in hamlet's sanity, our own world, or whether Shakespeare actually believed so. But Hamlet thinks it does. Hamlet sees himself as God's agent, and he tells this to his friends (O cursed spite. ) and Friday by Langston Essay, his mother (scourge and minister). Hamlet reflects on God's providence (fall of a sparrow) after his life is saved from the spies. Laertes sees his own death as God's judgment, and Hamlet as God's avenger. What is telling, though, is that this does not enable Hamlet to hope for, or expect, a better afterlife.
Is Life Worth Living? If his chief good and market of his time. Is but to sleep and feed? A beast, no more. Literature. -- Hamlet. Pathologists joke, Is life worth living? It depends on the liver!. Seriously, we've all asked this question. Shakespeare offers no pat answer, only Overcoming Racism by Langston Essay Hamlet's courage and dignity in accepting the human condition, saying No! to corruption, and in meeting his own task and his own death. In the definition of recession, noir genre of by Langston Hughes, hard-boiled detective fiction, the hero gradually learns about of recession, both public and private corruption. In One Morning Essay. Nothing is as it seems.
The hero strikes back, but the hominid, ending is never completely happy. Hamlet is called to his revenge by heaven and hell, i.e., something that Shakespeare thought of as more fundamental than the Overcoming Racism Hughes, struggle between good and evil. Hamlet talks a great deal about the gender, nature of human beings, characterizes himself as indifferent[ly] honest and could accuse himself of things for which it would have been better if he hadn't been born. We are left to wonder what these are, but soon Hamlet becomes the villain in a revenge story that mirrors his own. Old Hamlet, supposedly a good man, is burning for a while in purgatory for unconfessed sins of the kind that ordinary folks commit. Claudius, who Hamlet considers a very bad man, shows us his true mind twice, and we see a struggle between his hunger for divine grace and his need to keep his wife's love. The morality plays that preceded Shakespeare showed examples of good and bad people, and heroes that had a clear choice and made it. Shakespeare seems to be telling us in Hamlet that we can and should try to live well, but that both good and bad are inherent in the human condition. Growing up, we must come to Overcoming Racism Friday by Langston Hughes Essay, terms with our inability to live up to our own ideals.
(You may have trouble finding much on life's gray areas in English literature before Shakespeare. Hamlet's Sanity. Even Chaucer published a pious deathbed retraction for his freethinking.) Today we hear a lot about the usual five stages of coming to terms with death (impact, anger, bargaining, depression, acceptance.) As a physician, I've noticed that the Overcoming in One by Langston Essay, sequence often happens as described, though it's by no means invariable. (People with a living, mature religious faith often -- but by no means always -- simply accept.) At the end, Hamlet is gender consistency no longer depressed, but accepts the human condition. Whether he's right to do so is something you'll need to decide. But it's a common experience for people growing up. And Shakespeare's shown it to us in Hamlet. If you find yourself wondering whether it's worth going on living in a world full of sham and Friday by Langston, wrong. perhaps you will find your own answers in unselfish love rather than in stoical acceptance.
And perhaps you, too, can be a hero. Shakespeare was constrained by hominid, his plot. to have Hamlet pretend to be delusional; and. to have Hamlet kill the spy in his mother's bedroom. The principal scene in Overcoming Racism in One Morning Hughes Essay, which Hamlet pretends to be crazy (puts [his] antic disposition on) is the one in which he teases Polonius, calling him a fishmonger (compare fleshmoner, or pimp. remember that Polonius wants money for his virgin daughter.) In the 3 types of chemical, other scenes, Hamlet acts genuine and other people think he's crazy. Ophelia describes Hamlet's silent visit and Polonius thinks it's craziness. Essay. Ophelia hears Hamlet telling her to get out of a bad world, and she thinks he's lost his reason. Hamlet's mother thinks Hamlet is crazy after becoming distraught at the end of the closet scene. After the gender, play-within-the-play, the king knows Hamlet isn't crazy, but tells the rest of the Morning by Langston Hughes Essay, court that he must be sent away to 3 types of chemical bonds, England because of his mental illness.
Notice how Shakespeare adds a new theme -- be yourself, be genuine, and a fake world will consider you to be deviant. Shakespeare's Hamlet is Overcoming Racism in One Friday by Langston already distraught, and in times of emotional distress, we do wrong things without thinking. Afterwards, Hamlet (who is indifferent honest), blames his madness for the killing of Polonius. The delusions are fake (as Claudius, and anybody familiar with real mental illness, will recognize). The irrational striking-out in a moment of definition of recession, emotional turmoil is very real. Shakespeare's play focused on the mind of a man who's profoundly distraught and who is asking himself whether life is worth living. Having Hamlet also pretend to Racism in One Morning by Langston Hughes, be insane was central to the old story, but not to Shakespeare's play. Hamlet uses his feigned madness to consistency, point out to those around him how crazy and false the sane world is. There are themes and real controversies that you can explore further, based on Racism in One by Langston your own experience of life.
T.S. Eliot, asked whether the god of, madness of Hamlet was real or feigned, asked, Is the madness of Hamlet's critics real or feigned? This sums it up for me. The nonsense about Hamlet being unable to make up his mind begins with his own speeches after hearing the Player King's speech on Hecuba (he berates himself for hesitating), and especially after talking to Fortinbras's soldier (thinking too precisely on the event -- i.e., people who obsess a lot are the ones who do the least). Obsessive-compulsive personality and neurosis are well-known, and mild variants have affected most bright people occasionally. Bradley points out that Hamlet seems depressed (melancholy) and that this will slow a person down; early 20th century writers influenced by psychoanalysis talked about a mother-fixation causing the depression.
But the Overcoming Racism in One Morning by Langston Essay, truth is that Hamlet has no opportunity to kill the king and god of, then justify his action, until the final disaster, when Laertes reveals The king's to blame. In the case, providence provides the opportunity. Friday Morning Hughes. Hamlet really does not delay his revenge any more than do Robocop or Nevada Smith. Heroes of earlier revenge plays soliloquize about having to delay, and criticize themselves for it. But revenge plays require that the revenge take time and examples, planning -- or there would be no play. Sam Coleridge (an obsessive who blamed the failure of his grandiose projects on his opium habit) talked about Hamlet thinking too hard.
Coleridge identified with this Hamlet, but this isn't Shakespeare's Hamlet. Schlegel called Hamlet thought-sick. Goethe found Hamlet lovely, sensitive and without strength of nerve. Now, when Hamlet expresses regrets that he's not completed his revenge, he compares himself unfavorably to Friday Morning, the Player King (who has just recited a ridiculous, bombastic speech) and to Fortinbras (who is getting thousands of people killed for no good reason at all -- I first became interested in Shakespeare during the Vietnam war). It is no coincidence that both the god of, Player King and Fortinbras are pursuing stupid, vain goals. What is Shakespeare trying to tell us? Hamlet's revenge isn't so much simply the killing of the king, as it is the purging of all the Friday by Langston Hughes, rottenness in the Danish court. And although it costs him his life, he succeeds. At some time, we all consider how much wrong there is in the world. Hamlet gives us a chance to examples, watch an ordinary person consciously choose to say No! to Racism, the world's wrongness and phoniness, and to strike back with intelligence and hominid, power. From the bare-bones of an old revenge story, Shakespeare has held up the mirror to something in us that is precious.
I hear Hamlet saying, So many people put so much effort into doing things that are not worthwhile. It's a bad world, and I am far from a perfect human being. And we all end up dead in the end. But I am going to do something worthwhile, and do it right. More on Racism in One Friday Morning Hughes whether Hamlet has a tragic flaw.
I believe that the whole there has to be a tragic flaw business was dreamed up by 3 types of chemical, Aristotle, who got paid to tell young people that if they were really good, then bad things couldn't happen to them, and that people went to sad shows just to have a good cry (purge the emotions of Overcoming Racism in One Essay, pity and fear). If it is helpful, point out the obvious. Aristotle said that a tragic hero should have character flaws so that we wouldn't see bad things happening to totally-good people. Maybe the heroes of Shakespeare's tragedies are not all-virtuous because Shakespeare wants to show us life as it really is. Since Sophocles's ultra-coldblooded Electra, revenge plays have been among the favorite genre for theater and movies.
Why? First, a revenge play presumes that to right a wrong, somebody is hominid examples forced to take the law into Overcoming in One Morning Essay, his or her own hands. This showcases one of the god of literature, most important and serious of human concerns -- how do we maintain good law (i.e., a government that really protects its people's lives and Overcoming in One Morning Hughes Essay, opportunities)? It's the central question of civilization. (The conclusion of of recession, Electra is chilling -- read Sophocles's answer.) Second, the revenger must overcome obstacles to revenge. The lead character has a strong purpose with which we can identify, and we can share his or her feelings and thoughts. There is a satisfaction when revenge is finally won. Shakespeare's philosophy?
You decide! One may find ideas similar to those in Hamlet in Overcoming in One Friday Morning Hughes, Montaigne's essays (here's a top-flight college paper for an eager student), in Ecclesiastes (Old Testament, of course) and in the following famous twentieth-century piece (sometimes stated to be much older). Go placidly amid the noise and haste, and remember what peace there may be in silence. As far as possible, without surrender, be on bonds good terms with all persons. Speak your truth quietly and clearly; and listen to others, even to the dull and ignorant; they too have their story. Racism In One Friday Morning By Langston. Avoid loud and aggressive persons; they are vexations to gender consistency, the spirit.
If you compare yourself with others, you may become vain or bitter, for always there will be greater and lesser persons than yourself. Enjoy your achievements as well as your plans. Racism In One Morning By Langston Hughes Essay. Keep interested in your own career, however humble, it's a real possession in the changing fortunes of time. Exercise caution in your business affairs, for the world is full of trickery. But let this not blind you to what virtue there is; many persons strive for high ideals, and everywhere life is full of heroism. Be yourself. Especially do not feign affection. Neither be cynical about love; for in the face of all aridity and disenchantment, it is as perennial as the grass. Take kindly the counsel of the years, gracefully surrendering the things of consistency, youth.
Nurture strength of spirit to shield you in sudden misfortune. But do not distress yourself with dark imaginings. Many fears are born of fatigue and Overcoming in One Morning by Langston Essay, loneliness. Beyond a wholesome discipline, be gentle with yourself. Of Recession. You are a child of the universe no less than the trees and the stars; you have a right to be here. And whether or not it is clear to you, no doubt the universe is unfolding as it should. Therefore be at peace with God, whatever you conceive him to be.
And whatever your labors and aspirations, in the noisy confusion of life, keep peace in your soul. With all its sham, drudgery and broken dreams, it is still a beautiful world. Be cheerful. Strive to be happy. Contrast this with Polonius's advice to Laertes.
Somebody will remind you that according to the Christian ethics of Shakespeare's era, revenge was considered wrong. A saint would forgive and Overcoming Racism Morning by Langston Hughes Essay, bring about reconciliation. (As a Christian, I have discovered that this is possible more often than we might think.) Even ordinary people were not supposed to take the law into their own hands. Bonds. It's hard, though, to see this as a major theme of this revenge play. Somebody will tell you that Hamlet is about how it's difficult to know the right thing to Racism in One Friday Morning by Langston Hughes Essay, do -- whether it's killing the king, how to deal with an impossible home situation, or whether life is of chemical worth living. Somebody else will tell you that the Overcoming Friday by Langston Essay, real tragedy is that Hamlet kills the king, rather than forgiving him and living in love and harmony. In Hamlet's era, without effective birth control or stable democracy, bloody conflict was a fact of life.
In an era of warlords, the best for which anyone could hope was a temporary truce and of Paganism, some justice. Despite their individual virtues and their politically correct apologists, all real-life primitive societies are like this. Hamlet was fundamentally correct -- the world, by its very nature, is full of unpleasantness and wrong. How does Hamlet's attitude toward women change during the play? Is this a major theme? (I think so -- it's not mentioned that often. You decide.) Hamlet starts off very upset and claiming he wishes he was dead because of his mother's faithless to his good father's memory. Racism In One Hughes Essay. He urges Ophelia to Essay about A Basic Overview of Paganism, withdraw from a rotten world full of rotten women. Later, at Friday the end of the closet scene, he reaffirms his love for his mother despite her faults, and in the graveyard scene affirms he loves Ophelia. If life has taught me anything, it's that people are to be loved along with (not just in spite of) their imperfections. Perhaps you believe this as well. Eric Jones MD came up with an idea in Hamlet and Oedipus.
Hamlet cannot kill Claudius because he unconsciously identifies with him, due to Hamlet's old Oedpius complex, when he wanted to have his mother incestuously. Jones notes that Shakespeare's own dad died around the about, time the play was written. Nowadays, almost all psychiatrists will tell you that Freud's psychoanalysis is of historical interest, having shown very limited ability to predict the thoughts and actions of patients or to Racism Morning Hughes, effect recovery. One of examples, my own medical school psychiatry professors said, There's no 'Oedipus complex.' You can decide for yourself about Overcoming Racism in One Essay, Jones's claims. Is Ophelia pregnant with Hamlet's baby? Hamlet was romantically interested in definition of recession, Ophelia, and she in Overcoming Morning by Langston Essay, him, and they lived in the same castle. Hamlet jokes with Polonius about Essay about Overview, how his daughter might become pregnant, a pregnant rich girl might be sent for secrecy's sake to a convent (nunnery) and the child given for adoption, and Ophelia sings about lost virginity.
We aren't going to know. Supposedly there were two drownings in Shakespeare's community when he was younger. In One Morning Hughes. A lady named Alice suicided by jumping down a well when her family didn't approve of the man she loved. Another lady (Katherine Hamlet) accidentally fell into the river (she was carrying buckets). How these events may have affected Shakespeare's decision to have Ophelia drown must remain speculative. You've already noticed that Shakespeare follows a rule from his era -- the definition of recession, highest-ranking person on stage gets the Overcoming by Langston Hughes, first and last lines in hominid, each scene.
An easy high-school paper can focus on Friday by Langston how different characters approach the questions posted in the To Be or Not To Be soliloquy. Ophelia is mostly passive. Hamlet's Sanity. People who go on to become schizophrenic are often quiet, passive people (schizoid). Shakespeare probably noticed this. Laertes is bold, forceful, and Friday Morning Hughes Essay, spouts lines from a bad Elizabethan revenge tragedy (I don't care if I go to hell -- contrast Hamlet's and Claudius's fear of damnation.) Fortinbras bides his time, and grabs the opportunity. Horatio is a classic stoic with a Roman's sense of honor and a Christian trust in God's power to help. Polonius is a manipulator.
From Shakespeare's Era. If you are interested in the English religious controveries of Shakespeare's era, you may decide that some are reflected in Hamlet. People who held to the Roman tradition might believe in hominid examples, Purgatory, a place of Racism in One by Langston Hughes Essay, suffering where sins committed in life were burned away, and where sufferings could be eased by purchasing the ministry of the church. Before the Reformation, this had helped make the relgious orders wealthy, and hominid, also sparked the founding of schools and hospitals where the beneficiaries were asked to pray for Morning Hughes Essay the sould of their benefactors. Hominid Examples. People who still believed in the Roman doctrine of purgatory feared especially dying without the sacraments of the church, because the time in purgatory would be prolonged. Overcoming In One. The English government church forbidden even praying for hamlet's sanity the dead. Probably many people didn't like this. On the other hand, the Puritans pressured for religious rituals to be even further curtailed. In an Overcoming Racism in One Friday Morning era without religious freedom, this had generated a lot of bad feeling. Stories of ghosts returning from purgatory, which had been popular before the Reformation, were dismissed as diabolical deceptions. For purposes of the plot, there is really no reason for Old Hamlet to talk about examples, his being in torment or having died with all his imperfections on his head (i.e., unconfessed sins).
Hamlet swears by Saint Patrick, who is sometimes described as the patron saint of Racism, Purgatory. Of course, Old Hamlet is in purgatory, which according to the the official government church doesn't exist. When Laertes complains about the examples, limited burial service given to his sister, people in the audience would have thought about the contemporary controversies. You can find out on Racism in One Friday Hughes Essay your own what evidence exists to god of, show that John Shakespeare, the Overcoming Racism in One Friday Hughes Essay, author's father, was at least a Roman Catholic sympathizer who wanted prayers for his soul after he died. (Ask about documents found in Stratford centuries later.) But you'll need to Essay about A Basic, decide for yourself whether Shakespeare is using an Overcoming Racism in One Friday Morning by Langston Hughes old plot, or expressing his secret beliefs, or (my choice) showing us ourselves. More For Students.
Kronberg Castle, in Helsingor (Elsinore), near Copenhagen, is supposedly Hamlet's castle. Photo. Commentary: T.S. Eliot on consistency Hamlet and his Problems G Wilson Knight's remarks on Hamlet seem to be off-line today.
Shakespeare always divides our sympathies. Knight sees Hamlet as more the villain than Claudius is. Introduction to Hamlet Postmodernist. . or even perhaps to tell us that there is no truth, save for that truth given existence by a genius through theatrical devices, representation, illusion, and art. Uh? No Fear -- text along with 21st-century English translation.
Sixty-Second Shakespeare -- Bloodbath at Danish Court -- 'Mad' Prince Hamlet Was Right All Along Trysto Hamlet -- extremely abridged, could be performed by Racism by Langston, small children. Oor Hamlet -- mock Scots ballad, very funny. Shakespeare's Sonnets. A remarkable sequence even by today's standards.
The site author is, like me, committed to making Shakespeare available to everybody, at no cost. Enjoy. Duane Morin -- an e-book is in preparation. Teachers: Click here to Essay A Basic Overview, begin your search for online essays intended for would-be plagiarists. Dishonesty was your tragic flaw, kid! Good luck. Plagtracker.com -- a new, free plagiary-catcher service. The Undiscovered Country -- Hamlet site, promoting the author's e-book. Looks good.
To the best of my knowledge, all the links on my literature pages are to in One Hughes Essay, free sites. In August 2000, the operator of the large for-profit help-with-homework online Shakespeare site offered to buy these pages out for a price in 3 types bonds, the low four figures. I refused, and the site owner replied that I wish you would just close down the domain and spare everybody from a lot of Overcoming Friday Morning Essay, wasted time. Definition. It's a shame. This site will always remain free, to Racism in One Morning by Langston Hughes, help everybody enjoy the works that I have, myself, enjoyed so much. If any of the sites to consistency, which I have linked are asking students for their money, please let me know. Great PerformancesDavid Tennant / Patrick Stewart -- watch the entire NC-17 play. Laurence Olivier -- introduction for by Langston Hughes Essay children, well done. Royal Shakespeare Company -- David Tennant / Patrick Stewart; watch the hominid, play; highly recommended. Star Wars -- Hamlet and Laertes trade weapons.
Jude Law -- talks about his Hamlet. Coventry -- Patrick Stewart as Claudius. Sam West -- Royal Shakespeare Company 2000. Public Broadcasting System -- gets NC-17 rating. Psychological thriller. Graphic violence. Scenes of a supernatural nature. In a time of conflict, a voice from the grave will take a vengeful man to a place beyond sanity where only conspiracy and death await. Ethan Hawke's Hamlet is set in contemporary New York City. I liked it much better than most of the critics did. Racism Hughes. Bill Murry, who is always funny, plays Polonius and still shows up how cruelly he treats Ophelia.
The popular movie Coraline quotes Hamlet's speech, What a piece of definition, work. In One By Langston Hughes. when the heroine, who is neglected by her parents, is tempted with false promises of a richer and more meaningful life. Examples. The theme of the book and Overcoming Racism Morning Hughes, movie, which surely explains their popularity, is that if parents don't attend to bonds, their children's needs to grow emotionally and mentally, someone else will. In One Friday By Langston Hughes Essay. And it will probably be the wrong people. Oedipus the King -- including something about the tragic hero business. If you are asked to hamlet's sanity, write about Shakespeare's tragic heroes or their tragic flaw or whatever, help yourself to my skeptical notes on Aristotle. You may find it more rewarding to focus on something at once more obvious and more profound. Shakespeare (unlike Sophocles) is writing about real-life, flesh-and-blood people (tragic flaws -- nobody always acts smart) who live in Hughes, an imperfect world (tragic choices). In Shakespeare, our sympathies are usually divided among the gender consistency, characters. For this reason, Aristotle's thoughts on tragedy (i.e., people are imperfect) really seem more useful in discussing Shakespeare than in discussing Sophocles. In my pathology course and here, my advice is the same -- focus on the human beings, the real-life, individual situations. You may also decide there are some common theme elements (real vs. fake friendship; bad government is bad for the country; despite what has happened to in One by Langston Hughes Essay, you, you can still be a hero).
If you decide that the philosophical Hakuna Matata (Everything is hominid fine) song is Overcoming Racism by Langston Hughes Essay ironic, then the central theme of The Lion King is that life is by its nature full of troubles and wrongs, and you find its meaning in definition, what you do about Overcoming Racism in One Friday by Langston, it this fact. Of course, compare and god of literature, contrast papers are for beginners. (1) Look at the short story that provided the Overcoming Morning, plot (click here. and notice how Shakespeare has portrayed racism as it really is in our world. Ordinary decent folks (i.e., the literature, Venetian government) care only who a person is and what that person can do. They consider Brabantio a jerk for accepting a person of another race as a friend but not as a son-in-law. Iago, who for Friday Hughes Essay whatever reason has a chip on his shoulder, spews racial venom for his own dark reasons. Desdemona is originally frightened by hamlet's sanity, someone who looks different, but quickly learns to love that person so that race become indifferent.
(2) It is very common for special-forces operatives who return to Overcoming Racism Friday Hughes, civilian life and/or who try to sustain a marriage to have terrible difficulties. Those who are successful deserve our special admiration. Too many become terribly confused and end up in self-destructive behaviors, both loving and hating. It's one of our world's strangest ironies that romantic love is more treacherous and incomprehensible than war. I'm Ed. You can visit me at my own page and follow the links from there to my autopsy page, my notes on hamlet's sanity disease (the largest one-man online medical show, helping individuals around the world), my Adventure Gaming sites, or any of the Racism Friday Morning by Langston Essay, other sites. Fellow English majors -- Okay, okay, I know the commas are supposed to go inside the quotation marks and parentheses.
This became standard to protect fragile bits of movable type. Gender Consistency. My practice lets me know I'm the one who's typed a particular document. In one of the Bard's best-thought-of tragedies, our insistent hero, Hamlet, queries on two fronts about how life turns rotten. To be or not to be: that is the question; Whether 'tis nobler in the mind to in One Morning Hughes, suffer. The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune. Definition Of Recession. Teens: Stay away from Racism in One Friday by Langston Essay, drugs, work yourself extremely hard in class or at your trade, play sports if and only if you like it, and get out of abusive relationships by any means. Tell the grownups who support you that you love them (no matter what the circumstances or what feelings you really harbor -- get guidance from Essay A Basic Overview of Paganism, other adults if you need it, and remember Polonius's advice, which works often enough in our crazy world).
The best thing anybody can say about you is, That kid likes to work too hard and isn't taking it easy like other young people. To include this page in Overcoming Essay, a bibliography , you may use this format: Friedlander ER (1999) Enjoying Hamlet by William Shakespeare Retrieved Dec. 25, 2003 from http://www.pathguy.com/hamlet.htm. For Modern Language Association sticklers, the name of the site itself is The Pathology Guy and the Sponsoring Institution or Organization is Ed Friedlander MD. Thanks for visiting. Health and friendship. reset Jan. 30, 2005: Athar: Hamlet is post-Christian.
Bleakers: Sigh. Hamlet didn't find meaning, because there isn't any, but he did find peace. Ciphers: Hamlet found out he could act instead of brood. Doomguard: The court goes bad and everybody dies. Dust Folk: Hamlet finds peace in death. Free League: There are many meanings here. Godsfolk: Hamlet develops as a person. Guvnurs: Nowadays with good forensic pathology, we could have proved the case against 3 types of chemical bonds, Claudius without Hamlet having to take the law into his own hands.
Hardheads: See what happens when law and order break down. Mercykillers: We love a good revenge play. Revolutionaries: Authority corrupts. Sensates: Hamlet showcases powerful feelings. Signers: There is Racism in One Friday Morning Hughes nothing either good or bad but thinking makes it so. Takers: Hamlet learned to quit moping and got what he wanted. Xaositects: Crazy make sense people the most.
Visitors send me this question from time to time. If being a contemporary American means being focused on dirty TV sitcoms, greed, casual sex, big-money sports, shout-and-pout grievance-group politics, televangelism, professional wrestling, crybabies, slot machines, postmodernism, political action committees, and war on gender consistency drugs profiteering. then the in One Morning by Langston, answer is probably Nothing. If a contemporary American can still ask, Is life worth living in a world full of wrong? And can I live well? -- then the of recession, answer is maybe that Shakespeare deals with basic human issues. Click here to Overcoming Racism in One Friday Hughes Essay, see the author's friend, Dr.
Ken Savage, do it right. Thanks for the memories and for your friendship. Give me that man That is gender not passionís slave, and Racism in One by Langston, I will wear him In my heartís core, ay, in my heart of heart.
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The Great Homework Debate: Whatís Getting Lost in the Hype. Homework Ė is it an unnecessary evil or a sound and valuable pedagogical practice? The media coverage of the debate often zeroes in on these two seemingly polar opposite views, even though they may not be all that far apart. Morning Essay. Homework can be good until Ė well, until it isnít. Assign too much or the wrong kind (or both) and the law of diminishing returns kicks in, says Dr. Harris Cooper, professor of god of literature, psychology and neuroscience at Duke University, r esulting in undue stress for students, aggravation for parents and no academic pay-off. But as Cooper, author of ďThe Battle Over Homework: Common Ground for Administrators, Teachers, and Overcoming Racism in One Morning by Langston, Parents,Ē recently told NEA Today, homework levels and 3 types bonds, parental attitudes havenít really changed dramatically over the years. Cooper also concludes Ė perhaps a shock of those who are convinced that very little in our classrooms is Friday by Langston working as it should Ė ďthe vast majority of educators have got it right.Ē Thereís a lot of focus on homework now, but has it been scrutinized so heavily in the past? Harris Cooper: Throughout the 20th century, the public battle over homework was quite cyclical.
You can go back to World War I or a little after, when it was considered important for of recession kids to Racism Friday by Langston Hughes Essay exercise their brain like a muscle and that homework was a way to do that. During the 1930s, opinions changed. In the 1950s, people were worried about falling behind the about A Basic Overview communists, so more homework was needed as a way to speed up our education and technology. During the 1960s, homework fell out of favor because many though it inflicted too much stress on kids. Friday Morning By Langston Essay. In the 1970s and 1980s, we needed more homework to Essay A Basic Overview of Paganism keep up with the Overcoming in One Friday Morning Essay Japanese economically. More recently, as everything about education and Essay Overview of Paganism, teachers is being scrutinized, homework has come into question again. Whatís interesting is that the actual percentage of people who support or oppose homework has changed very little over Overcoming in One Morning by Langston Hughes Essay, the years. And the actual amount of homework kids are doing has changed very little over the last 65 years. But havenít we seen an uptick in the amount of homework assigned to elementary students? HC: There is a little bit of an uptick in lower grades. But when you look at the actual numbers, weíre talking about the difference between an examples average of Racism in One Friday Morning Hughes Essay, 20 minutes and 30 minutes.
So youíll find some people who say the amount of homework being given to 2 nd graders, for example, has increased 50 percent. But If you look at consistency, the actual numbers, itís ten more minutes per night. And probably a driving force behind that is obviously end-of-grade testing and accountability issues. Perhaps more legitimately is the importance of early reading. As they say, in in One Friday, third grade you learn to literature read, and in Overcoming Racism in One Morning Essay, fourth grade you read to learn. Hominid. So this has led to more reading assignments. While most high school students are still doing approximately the same amount of homework on average, thereís a great deal of in One Morning Essay, variation. Thatís due to gender consistency choices some kids make about how rigorous an academic program to take and the increased competition over college admissions. So there are a lot of kids out there taking four or five advanced placement and honors classes now, which might not have been the case a while back.
According to the MetLife Foundation national homework survey, 3 out of 5 parents said their kids are getting just the right amount of homework. One said too much and one said too little. That survey is a few years old now but I doubt thatís changed. Youíve concluded that homework generally can improve student achievement. At what grade levels do we usually see this effect? HC: Thereís very little correlation between homework and Overcoming Friday Morning Hughes, achievement in the early grades. As kids get older, the about correlation gets stronger. But there are experimental studies even at the earliest grades that look at skills such as spelling, math facts, etc. Racism In One Friday By Langston. where kids are randomly assigned to Overview do homework and Racism in One, not do homework. They show that kids who did the homework performed better. But weíre really talking about correlation here, so we have to be a little careful.
Itís also worth noting that these correlations with older students are likely caused, not only by god of literature, homework helping achievement, but also by kids who have higher achievement levels doing more homework. But at a particular point more homework is not a good thing. Youíve heard of the ď10-Minute Rule,Ē where you multiply a childís grade by 10 to determine how many minutes you assign per in One Friday Morning Hughes Essay night. This rule fits the gender consistency data. So 20-minutes for a second grader is where youíd start. In middle schools, itís between 60-90 mins for 6th through 9th graders, about two hours later in high school. When you assign more than these levels, the law of Overcoming in One Friday, diminishing returns or even negative effects Ė stress especially Ė begin to appear. Have school districts coalesced around the 10-minute rule? HC: From my experience, I have never seen a school district that recommends anything that isnít consistent with the 3 types bonds 10-minute rule. They wonít use the term ď10-minute ruleĒ usually, but theyíll say, primary school grades will be assigned up to 30 mins., grades 4-6 up to an hour, things like that.
But If you translate the policy to Overcoming in One Morning the 10-minute rule, itíll be very similar. Nobody has a policy that says you can expect your second-graders to bring home two hours of hominid examples, homework. The only place youíll see a warning about Overcoming in One Morning by Langston Essay, it is in high school: you can expect half an hour a night per academic subject. Again, if the kid is taking AP, expect more. What donít we know about homework? Where are the gaps in the research? HC: We need to know more about the the differing impacts by subject matter. Regarding the 10-minute rule, one question I am frequently asked is, ďDoes that include reading?Ē Generally, the answer would be yes, but if weíre interested in kidsí stress level, for example, they are more likely to burn out quicker doing math worksheets and studying vocabulary than if they were doing high-interest reading. Definition. So we really need more work on subject matter, on homework quality, on in One Morning by Langston the level of bonds, inquisitiveness that it engenders and the way it motivates. Racism In One Friday Hughes. Also we need to know more about the use of the Internet, especially as it relates to potential disparities between rich and poor and the ability to research at god of literature, home. Should Schools Be Done With Homework?
No, Parental Involvement is Not ĎOverrated. The Reading Rush: What Educators Say About Kindergarten Reading Expectations. Are Letter Grades Failing Our Students? HC: Parental involvement is more important in the earlier grades and teachers should try to in One Friday by Langston Hughes make sure that parents have the skills to teach the material so to avoid any instructional confusion. Educators should also remind parents to not place great pressure on their child and to model behaviors, especially with young children. For example, when the child is doing math homework, a parent could balance the checkbook to bonds demonstrate how the skill can be used in Overcoming Racism Friday by Langston, adult life, or they can they read their own book while their child is hominid reading.
Homework also keeps parents aware of what their child is learning. Iíve had some very emotional parents come to me about having been told by teachers that their child is Racism Friday Morning by Langston Essay struggling, that there might be a learning disability. Literature. The parents donít necessarily see it until they see their child work on homework. If homework is going to have its intended affects, teachers should ask parents to take part less often as kids get older. If support from parents is withdrawn slowly, it can promote autonomous learning Ė teaching kids that they can learn on their own and they can learn anywhere. Do you think overall the Overcoming Racism Hughes Essay current debate or controversy over homework has been helpful and what, if anything, should educators take from A Basic of Paganism, it? HC: Well, I recognize that the debate will always be there, but I generally choose to ignore it, or at least the people who, as the old saying goes, use science the same way a drunkard uses a lamp post Ė more for in One Friday Morning Essay support than for illumination. Homework is probably the most complicated pedagogical strategy teachers use because itís open to variations due to child individual differences and the home context.
But the vast majority of educators have got it right. Theyíre not going to hamlet's sanity satisfy everyone, because kids take homework home to different environments and to parents with different expectations. But, like I said before, three in five parents are satisfied and thereís one in Racism in One Morning Hughes Essay, each direction Ė too much homework or too little. Examples. That probably means teachers are doing their job properly. Photo: Associated Press. I assign homework every night but I do not in any way include it in the studentís grade for Overcoming Racism Friday Morning many of the reasons listed above. Why would I include in a studentís grade something that they could have gotten major help with from a parent or a tutor, for instance. I do ďspot checkĒ to see if they have done the work and enter this into our online grading system under a ď0%Ē heading just so parents can have an idea if their students are doing the definition of recession homework. I do the same thing. I assure parents that homework is not something parents need to help with. Especially since I assume parents donít know how do it themselves.
I am the teacher for a reason. Racism In One Friday By Langston Hughes. It is a scaffolding indicator of ďdo the hominid examples kids know how to do it by themselves?Ē If kids are not doing well on the homework, then itís intervention time. I teach 6th grade math at a high title 1 school. I give 10-15 problems a few days a week at most and at the same difficulty as what was done in class. I ask them to ATTEMPT the Overcoming Racism Morning by Langston homework and not stress if they donít understand. Definition. They just need to see me the next day and Iíll reteach and provide assistance. Exactly. For my ESL classes, Iíve found that homework is a way to generate discussion questions in class! They take the Overcoming in One by Langston Essay homework home, and do the 3 types of chemical bonds easy parts on Racism in One Friday by Langston their own. When they hit a confusing question they stop, and hominid examples, come to class the Racism in One Morning by Langston Essay next day ready to complain about how confusing it was and we can pick up immediately the gender consistency next day where the students need help.
Iíd rather them give up when it got hard and come ask me the Overcoming in One Friday Morning Hughes next day, than to god of beat their head against the wall or copy from Overcoming in One by Langston, someone else. Yikes- ďgive up when it gets hardĒ. How about hamlet's sanity, a growth mindset- accept that it might be challenging and by Langston Hughes, see if they can work through it. God Of Literature. Stop after 30 minutes of actual work. Then, seek help. What kind of adults do we foster who ďgive up when it gets hardĒ! Iím more concerned that someone is Overcoming Morning by Langston Essay teaching English who doesnít know when to use ďtheyĒ instead of ďthem.Ē The sentence should read: ďIíd rather they give upÖĒ One way to hamlet's sanity be sure is to recognize its connection to Racism in One Morning by Langston Hughes Essay ďcome ask meĒ later in the sentence. One wouldnít say: ďIíd rather them come ask meÖĒ This is hominid why sentence diagramming is such an effective method for teaching sentence construction. One learns to Racism in One Friday view the consistency separate parts of a sentence and their connection to other parts of the sentence. Overcoming Racism Morning Hughes Essay. With the ďcome ask meĒ part, one needs to hamlet's sanity ask ďwhoĒ should come ask you.
In so doing, one sees its connection to ďthem,Ē which reveals why it has to be ďthey,Ē because ďthemĒ cannot be used with a verb. Weíd never say ďthem give us a present every yearĒ nor ďthem come every week.Ē So, Mr. ESL instructor, I hope this helps you teach your students the difference between the Overcoming Morning by Langston two types of pronouns. Iíd be concerned about someone who doesnít know an honest mistake when they see one. I know very well the difference, but thank you for definition of recession schooling me anyway. I typed that on my phone and as you know, autocorrect does strange things to in One Morning by Langston Hughes Essay text. Definition. I donít typically spend significant amounts of Overcoming Friday Essay, time editing internet comments on definition my phone. Iím afraid Iím a little behind the times and donít have and Overcoming Racism Morning Hughes Essay, have never used the newer phones, so, unfortunately, I never considered a simple technological glitch. Hamlet's Sanity. I apologize for my obvious ignorance. Now that Iím older, I got to thinking that what I know doesnít do anyone any good if it stays locked in my head, so why not pass it along, especially since I see so many errors online, even in articles writers are paid to write, though I canít explain why I wasnít more polite about in One Morning by Langston, it. The main reason for the notion that I should pass on examples what I know is that I attribute these errors to the less-than-adequate education so many millions have received for over 40 years.
I mean, itís impossible to Friday Hughes have an inadequate K-12 public education system without adverse consequences. I could be wrong, but itís been my experience that poor writing and proofing and/or an literature absence of caring are some of those consequences. But, you raise a relevant issue: the apparent difficulties inherent in some tech devices. How does one view all the errors online with that as a factor? Does it require we ignore all errors in order to be fairÖand graciousÖand polite? My concern is that if people donít care about the quality of, say, their writing, it isnít long before they stop caring about the Racism in One Friday Morning quality of something else they do, possibly a task at work. Itís much easier to do less and examples, care less than it is to expend the effort to produce quality. When they integrated our public schools in the 1970s, it was assumed that lower-performing students would improve now that they were attending school with a lot of higher-performing students. But, what actually happened is the performance of the better students dropped to a level more closely aligned with the lower-performing students. When grade schools started giving out stars and awards for Friday by Langston just showing up as a way of building self-esteem, they created, instead, millions of examples, graduates who believe they know more and can do better than they actually can. Schools also created in Racism in One Friday Morning by Langston Hughes Essay, them such a sense of entitlement that they believe theyíre entitled to the big bucks just for showing up, and, based on my experiences with todayís corporate, legal and medical offices, theyíre doing and learning the absolute minimum for those ďbig bucks.Ē If that werenít bad enough, manufacturers decided some time ago that, if they cut corners, management could take home more money, so, where we once had products that would last years, even a lifetime, we now are stuck constantly re-buying everything because nothing lasts more than a few years.
So, in an effort to promote quality, Iíve been sending corrections to writers online whenever an email address is availableÖas if theyíd actually appreciate thatÖ :-). But, thereís still the dilemma as to the Comment section of gender consistency, articles. Unless you have another suggestion, Iíll try to be more selectiveÖand gracious. Since you teach ESL, may I ask: what are the areas that cause learners the most difficulty? All the different tenses of our verbs? How about the placement of words to form a more complex sentence? If itís the Overcoming Racism in One by Langston Hughes Essay latter (and youíre familiar with sentence diagramming), would the use of hamlet's sanity, sentence diagramming make sentence construction easier for them? How difficult is ESL with your students speaking a variety of languages that I trust you donít happen to Overcoming Racism in One Morning Hughes speakÖor do you?
I ask because Iíve been researching several aspects of literature, education reform, and Iím a big proponent of sentence diagramming. Thanks for the heads up as to Overcoming Morning by Langston Hughes todayís devices. I think the verb tenses arenít that difficult for them if taught explicitly and practiced. The surprising thing is that what is difficult varies based on a studentís L1 (original) language. About A Basic Of Paganism. Usually it ends up being with the ďglueĒ that hold the sentence together and the crazy rules of Friday Morning by Langston Hughes Essay, grammar that change depending on numerous different variables. Honestly, I havenít done full-on sentence diagramming since I was in high school (and Iím 41). Hamlet's Sanity. We never did it in in One Morning by Langston Hughes, my college English courses Ė and examples, I did take a share of Linguistics courses.
Most of in One Essay, what I know about of chemical, that post high school actually comes from in One Friday Morning, studying Latin. Diagramming simple sentences does help for English language learners, however seeing well composed model sentences in a variety of styles seems to help more. Definition Of Recession. You can get bogged down diagramming, and students donít seem to transfer grammar lessons to Racism actual practice without the opportunity to work with authentic examples. As far as difficulty with ESL, I really donít have an issue regardless of the gender consistency language my students speak. In my High School classes this year I have speakers of Spanish (about 50%), Chinese, Hindi, Punjabi, Vietnamese, Arabic, Urdu, Burmese, Quiche, and probably a few others I forgot. Overcoming Racism In One Friday Morning. Some of those students speak two or more languages already. Hamlet's Sanity. Myself, I speak Intermediate Spanish, which is useful sometimes. I am familiar with grammar structures and language features of Chinese although I cannot speak or read it. I make it a point to study the features of my studentsí languages and learn a few words at least to show them I respect their language, plus I can bridge concepts in English to their own language. I am currently finding resources on in One Friday Morning by Langston Essay Punjabi and Arabic so I can learn features of those languages.
Even if I donít speak a studentís language, though, it isnít much of of Paganism, a barrier. Most students from Asia or the Middle East arrive with a basic introduction to English. Some Central American students have zero English exposure, but I have enough Spanish to get through to them on day one. Overcoming Friday By Langston Essay. For students who have no English, and I do not share a language with them, we use specific strategies to build a basic working vocabulary, but those are time-intensive as it requires the consistency teacher be working one-on-one with the student. The biggest challenge, honestly, arenít specific features of Overcoming Racism Friday Morning Hughes Essay, English, but their education in their native language. God Of. A student with an excellent command of their own language will acquire English quickly. A student who is illiterate, uneducated or undereducated in Friday by Langston Essay, their own language due to insufficient schooling will have significant struggles in English as well. Thanks so much for all the information. Embarrassing, isnít it, that most Americans can manage only hamlet's sanity, one language, and many donít even do that well, yet these immigrants are multi-lingual. I had a Dutch neighbor for a time who spoke five languages, partly b/c the Netherlands borders so many countries. Donít we do our own future citizens a disservice by not exposing them to a second language in elementary school, at a time when itís easiest for them to learn it?
Waiting until HS doesnít seem to serve much purpose. The sentence diagramming is a tool that was always used in Racism, grade school, so Iím surprised you had it an upper grade. 3 Types. I find that English speakers have difficulty with placing additional adjective and in One Friday Hughes Essay, adverb phrases in bonds, the right placeÖor the best placeÖ and Overcoming in One Friday Morning Essay, with certain comma placements, which sentence diagramming seems best at preventing, because it trains the brain to see sentences in parts Not too long ago, I found an error in a typed 10-12-line sentence in a sales contract the first time I read it, because of that skill. The error was an absence of both the 3 types bonds subject and verb, so it was 10-typed lines of conditions with no punch lineÖno answer to Racism Friday Morning Essay the ifs. The comma error that even todayís best writers (educated by our inadequate educ. system I presume) make is to leave out one particular comma thatís needed, as in: Ötogether, and 3 types, if everyone would like, we can still attendÖ With the pair of commas where they are, the Friday Morning by Langston Essay ďand if everyone would likeĒ becomes an Essay about A Basic additional phrase that can be removed without changing the correctness of the Racism in One Morning by Langston main sentence, which, of course, it cannot in every case. The actual additional phrase that can be removed is the hamlet's sanity ďif everyone would like.Ē Ergo, the pair of commas separating the additional phrase from the main sentence have to be the Overcoming Friday by Langston Essay one thatís missing after the hominid a-n-d and the one already there after l-i-k-e. Iíve yet to see a writer or published author, including our best, get it rightÖor their respective editors. I attribute my recognition of it to early instruction in sentence diagramming.
Does this reflect your memory of it? Trouble is, everyone seems to groan at the mere mention of it, so the automatic response is to dismiss it as a viable and effective tool. Iíd like to change the Overcoming Morning Essay minds of literature, those making the reform decisions. I have to comment the following. Iím what the people here would probably call a high-achieving student and Racism in One Friday by Langston, I donít think I really saw homework done right until I got to college. The reason why is simple: the homework we get in the upper-level engineering classes is so hard that anyone with any sense does it in a group. We will actually get together in large groups and spend multiple hours on assignments, asking each other why certain methods and reasoning it out together.
Then if we still canít figure things out, we ask the professor or a TA, who are always willing to gender consistency explain the concept to us. At the Racism in One Friday Morning by Langston Essay end of the process, we actually do understand the material a lot better. This sort of thing canít happen in examples, elementary and high school, where students canít just get together after school and work, because their parents all drive them home after school. (All right, there are a lot of high schoolers who have cars, but Iím pretty sure that the majority donít.) Get the latest NEA news and features delivered twice a week to your inbox! Click here to read our latest print issue on your iPad!
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100 Cause and Effect Essay Topics. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. Examine why something has happened or exists. Speculate about Overcoming Racism in One Morning by Langston Hughes what caused the situation.
Examine the results of an event, choice, or situation. Trace the start of a situation to a discussion of its results. Here's how you can use the following topic ideas to write an essay: Reword the question to fit your assignment. Hominid Examples. Use a question for your topic idea helps keep you organized. Use the Racism Friday by Langston question for your title or put it right before your topic sentence. The answer to consistency, the question is your thesis.
Simple! What causes divorce? What is the effect of divorce on children? Does the age of the child make a difference? How does the divorce of parents affect the dating and marriage relationships of their children? What is the effect of long distance on relationships? How does living together before being married affect a relationship? What causes men to in One Friday by Langston Hughes Essay, be afraid of commitment? What effect has the feminist movement had on men's and women's views of dating? What causes some women to repeatedly get involved in destructive relationships? What effect does having an abortion have on a dating relationship?
What causes children to rebel against their parents? What effect has social media had on family relationships? What causes sibling rivalry? What effect does birth order have on personality (or career)? What effect does a happy and fulfilling marriage have on of chemical, a person's health? Does going to college cause people to have better marriages? What is the effect of grandparents raising a child? What causes teenagers to become sexually active? How does a girl's relationship with her dad affect her relationship with other men?
What is the effect of growing up in Racism in One Morning Hughes Essay, a single-parent household? What is the effect of gender, being a twin? What the effect has China's one child had on family relationships? How will the new two child policy change family dynamics? What are the in One Friday by Langston Essay effects on children when their parents are very wealthy or very famous? What causes parents to over-schedule their children's activities? (Or what is the effect of over-scheduling on the child?) What causes a family to have close relationships? What is the effect of family vacations on family relationships? Why are more children poor than any other group?
What causes poverty in the U.S.? What are the god of effects of growing up in Overcoming Racism by Langston Hughes Essay, poverty? What causes homelessness? What effect does growing up with food insecurity have on children? What has caused the hamlet's sanity increase in international adoption in Western countries? What is the Overcoming in One Morning by Langston Essay effect on children (or adults) of examples, watching news reports of natural disasters, terrorist strikes, sexual predators, and other fearful situations? What effect do non-profit organizations (perhaps pick a particular one) have on social problems? What is the effect of more baby boomers reaching retirement age? What is the cause of in One Friday by Langston Hughes Essay, men still out-earning women in Essay about A Basic Overview of Paganism, wages?
What is the effect? What is the effect of religious oppression on Overcoming Friday Morning by Langston Hughes, a society (perhaps pick a particular country or religion)? What are the causes of poor water quality for many people around the world? What is the effect of people not having shoes to wear? What are the effects of inadequate sanitation on a community? What is the cause (or effect) of continued discrimination and racism?
What causes people with disabilities to be unable to definition, get jobs? What is the effect on children of growing up in poverty? What has caused the dramatic rise in overweight and obese adults in the U.S. in the last ten years? What will be the Friday Morning by Langston Hughes effects of this rise in obesity on hominid examples, the healthcare system? What causes the increasing number of children affected by Autistic Spectrum Disorder? What effect does lack of adequate medical insurance have on an individual's health? What causes people to not go to the doctor when they have medical problems? What effect does not finishing a prescription medication have on future health?
What is the cause (or the effect) of people not getting their children vaccinated? What causes the spread of HIV/AIDS in Africa? What is the effect of climate change on infectious medical diseases? What is the effect of globalization on the spread of disease? What causes some diseases like malaria or HIV to be so difficult to by Langston Essay, eradicate? What effect does stress have on health?
What effect has cancer research had on stopping cancer deaths? What causes people to gender consistency, get cancer? What causes pancreatic cancer to be so deadly? What has caused cancer to be so difficult to cure? What causes people to seek non-Western medical cures like traditional Chinese medicine or herbal supplements? What is the effect of Overcoming Racism Hughes Essay, abortion(s) on 3 types of chemical, a woman's subsequent reproductive health? What effect does birth control have on women?
What effect do regular dental check-ups have on oral health? What causes people to go blind? What causes people to develop allergies? What effect does an increased use of technology have on health? What causes cardiovascular disease? What effect does exercise have on the body? What causes people to make healthy living choices?
What causes so many healthcare providers to be overweight? What are the social effects of having braces on Overcoming Friday Hughes, teeth? What effect does cell phone use have on definition, teenagers? What causes families to buy unlimited cell phone plans? What are the effects of violent video games on young children or teenagers?
What effects does playing video games cause in the brains of elderly people? Does online shopping cause people to spend more money? What effect does social media have on teen relationships? What are the causes (or effects) of Overcoming in One Friday Morning by Langston Essay, cyber bullying? What causes social media sites to god of, lose popularity? What are the effects of picture and video-based social media sites like Snapchat or Instagram on teenage social interaction? What causes a video game to be popular? What effect does moving away from computers and towards tablets and smartphones have on how we browse the Internet? What effect does typing on a screen rather than a keyboard have on how people communicate?
What causes Google to be the most popular search engine? What are the social effects of everyone on the planet having cell phones? How have smartphones affected business practices? How does standardized testing affect student dropout rates? What effect does being labeled gifted and Racism Hughes Essay talented have on students? What effect does being identified as having dyslexia or ADHD have on Essay about A Basic Overview of Paganism, a child? What causes students to think school is boring? Does using technology like iPads or smartboards in classrooms cause students to learn better? What is the effect on learning when students do most of their work reading from a computer or tablet rather than paper and books? What are the effects of Overcoming in One Morning by Langston Hughes, homeschooling on children? (Or what are the social effects?) What effect have magnet or charter schools had on the educational system in your town or state?
How do school programs against bullying affect the actual bullying and fears of students? Do single-sex classrooms cause students to 3 types of chemical bonds, learn better? What are the positive and Overcoming Racism in One by Langston negative effects of having school uniforms? What is the effect of having an open high school campus? What is the effect on the education of students when a district has year-round schooling? What causes teachers to burn out? What causes some schools to fail to educate students? What causes American students to about A Basic Overview of Paganism, lag behind students from other countries on Racism in One Friday Morning by Langston Essay, international tests? What effect do fine arts have on students? What effect does a good physical education program have on god of, elementary school students? What effect do longer school days have on Racism Hughes Essay, a school's educational outcomes?
What effect does parent involvement in schools have on education? What caused the Civil War? What are the continuing effects of slavery on American society? What was the cause of the increasing interest in Essay A Basic Overview, feminism in the 1960s and 1970s? How were WWII veterans affected by their wartime experiences?
What effect did WWII have on the Jewish people? What effect did Christianity have on the Roman empire? What caused the Arab Spring? What are the effects of the Arab Spring? What effect has the GI Bill, which educates soldiers, had on universities in the U.S.? What was the effect of colonialism on Britain's view of itself? What were the causes and effects of colonialism? In the viewpoint of the British, what were the in One Friday Morning Essay causes and effects of the American Revolution? What causes the drug wars in Colombia?
What causes illegal immigration? What are the effects of consistency, immigration on Overcoming in One Friday by Langston, a country (pick any country)? What is the effect of hominid, online sales on Overcoming Racism in One Morning Hughes Essay, businesses (in any country)? What was the definition of recession effect of the printing press (or other invention) on world history? What are the effects of globalization on the position of women? What are the Overcoming Racism Friday Morning Hughes effects of of recession, American drone attacks on terrorists and civilians? What was the cause of the destruction of the World Trade Center on Overcoming Friday Hughes Essay, 9/11? What is the cause of increased militancy on the part of North Korea?
How to Write a Great Topic Sentence. by examples Virginia Kearney 37. by Josh Wilmoth 0. How to Write Cause and Effect Essays. by Virginia Kearney 5. Easy Words to Use as Sentence Starters to Write Better Essays. by Virginia Kearney 123. 100 Science Topics for Research Papers. by Virginia Kearney 109. How to Write a Reflective Essay with Sample Essays. by Racism in One by Langston Hughes Essay Virginia Kearney 21. This was great for me because I had to write an essay about some kind of topic with a cause and an effect and this website gave me some really good ideas, Thank You! Virginia Kearney 3 months ago from United States.
Sophia--I'm so glad that this helped you. I especially enjoy teaching Chinese students. Hamlet's Sanity. I have traveled in China four different times and Overcoming Racism Friday by Langston Essay love your country very much! I am a Chinese student and I think your sharing did help me a lot. 3 Types Bonds. Thank you ! this is a great sight for Overcoming in One Morning Essay my informational reading and writing class its good. Hi thanks for helping me. these topics are really good.. i used some of these topics for my projects and got great marks.. Essay. i got A+ in all my projects , i am in Overcoming Racism by Langston, 7th grade. Literature. hubber8893 18 months ago. I think you have presented some great Ideas for hub about relationships. Hugh Johnson 18 months ago.
These topics had a BIG impact on my life. Thanks for your LARGE ammount of Overcoming in One Friday Morning by Langston Essay, tips. These topics really helped me for school. Ruby 18 months ago from United States. Creative idea for A Basic of Paganism a hub, what was your case and Friday Hughes effect for making it lol. WOW this is super great to look up stuff for an assignment. Awesome topics thanks a million. Of Recession. Dwight Goliday Jr 23 months ago from East Saint Louis. Wow. There are a lot things that cause and Friday Morning Essay effect. Very informative write.
Virginia Kearney 23 months ago from United States. Thanks Zakeycia and YoLex. My students have come up with most of these topics through the years and now this is my most visited article so they must have done a good job! I think it got over 3 types of chemical 2000 views one day last week! This is awesome I wish I'd found this hub before I graduated college lol! Great work! Zakeycia Dickens 23 months ago. I have a cause and effect essay to type for my English class. In One Friday By Langston Hughes Essay. I was having a hard time coming up with a topic. Gender. Your website and topic suggestions were very helpful.
Thank you. Rasheedah Abdul-Hakeem 2 years ago. Thanks. Great topics. James Packard 2 years ago from Overcoming Racism Morning Columbia, Missouri. What a great hub! Debatable issues (especially political, social, environmental and behavioural) are great hub topics. They are good to write about to do research and clear up one's own viewpoint, but they also get people talking, and also spark very needed discussion. Thanks for sharing. Literature. Liza Treadwell Esq aka Liza Lugo JD 2 years ago from Racism in One Friday Hughes Essay New York, NY. I love this one, VirginiaLynne.
Your hubs are so valuable to students and professional writers. Cause and 3 types effect papers are among the Racism Friday by Langston Hughes Essay most interesting to read. I voted this hub up, useful, and interesting. I am bookmarking this hub for future reference. I know I'll be using it!
Keep up the excellent work here. Marilyn L Davis 2 years ago from Georgia. Good afternoon, Virginia; excellent examples for all categories. Well done. Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from god of United States.
Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from United States. Hi Gertrude--These two words are ones that are often confused. Affect also means to produce an effect upon as well as to influence. Racism In One Hughes. I will double check my usage in this Hub just to make sure I haven't made an error. Thanks!
Gertrude McFuzz 2 years ago. Hominid Examples. These are great topics. I just have one comment. Sometimes you use effect when you should use affect. affect = influence - usually a verb. effect= result - usually a noun. effect= cause - not used that often - verb. Racism Friday Morning. Shamim Rajabali 3 years ago from Texas. This will come in handy for my English class. Literature. Thanks. I Love it very much. rakesh ranjana 3 years ago.
Social causes are growing up in lot more ways, knowing it and having a knowledge about it through this site, will help a lot in many ways for people to understand there relationship and Overcoming Racism in One Friday by Langston Hughes Essay social problems. 3 Types. Great hub! I like your ideas, it is Overcoming Racism Friday Morning by Langston Essay, something different innovative. Definition Of Recession. Vote up! Thanks! This is helpful. Overcoming Racism In One Morning Essay. Vote up. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Sumnerswett--I teach MLA format because that is used by most American colleges in their English departments.
However, you are very right to point out that APA and Chicago and other formats are used in different types of courses. I think considering cause and effect is sometimes a bit confusing because it depends on where you view the start of the situation. Often a cause creates an effect, which causes another situation. God Of. Sometimes it is hard to Overcoming Racism Friday Morning Essay, pull them apart. That is why I usually like to call this a speculating about causes essay, because we can't always definitively determine the absolute cause, but we can always speculate and argue for the most important causes, or the of recession most important effects that we see in a situation.
Sumner Swett 3 years ago from Owls Head Maine. Racism Friday Morning By Langston Hughes Essay. Okay so cause and gender consistency effect essays are written in different formats, but let me say in Overcoming in One Morning by Langston, my college profession for the essays to Essay about, be written were to Overcoming Racism Friday Essay, be in APA format, and it is interesting when researching and writing whether it is from information you have researched or if it free lance. Consistency. I like to research topics before writing and also note taking is effective. The cause is what causes the situation and the effect is what you have to take into consideration to the cause as we all know it. Kimberly Lake 3 years ago from California.
Great topics! Voted up and Overcoming Morning by Langston Hughes shared. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Leidy--That is a great essay topic. I think that some of that labeling can be positive and other aspects are negative. It can encourage students to believe that they are capable, but it can discourage them by god of literature making them think that they don't need to work hard, or that if they don't achieve a high grade on Overcoming Racism in One Friday Morning by Langston Hughes, everything, they have failed. Seth Tomko 3 years ago from A Basic Overview of Paganism Macon, GA. Overcoming Friday Essay. A good and diverse collection of topics. I'll be sure to have my students check out some of gender consistency, these for their own essays.
Annie Miller 4 years ago from Wichita Falls, Texas. Very interesting and in depth Hub. I am passing this along and Overcoming Friday by Langston Essay saving it, as well! Chris Achilleos 4 years ago. Great hub Virginia, I have written these types of essays before, and I have found the information that you have presented here to be excellent. Thank you for sharing. Voted up and useful! Virginia Kearney 4 years ago from United States.
Thanks so much Carol! You are always an encouragement. God Of Literature. carol stanley 4 years ago from Arizona. This is something to save when trying to Racism in One by Langston, come up with new writing ideas. Great hub. Going to pass this along and of course vote up. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages ® is definition of recession, a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc.
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examination essay Essay examinations are really helpful tools for your learning. They teach you to pull together content that you have learned, analyze the material, reach conclusions, and Overcoming in One by Langston Hughes defend your ideas. They challenge you to of recession, think clearly as you cope with time pressures, and to express yourself directly and efficiently. Those are pretty useful skills in any career field. In my view, the Racism Friday Morning process of writing an essay examination should also lead you to understand the course material better when you finish the exam than you did when you began. Writing an essay examination is not identical to writing the sort of essay typical of a composition class, even though many of the same skills are involved.
Usually, the available time is hamlet's sanity shorter, and you have less freedom in topic selection. Usually, you must write a number of short essays, not just one. Most importantly, essay examinations require specific knowledge of Racism in One Morning, assigned content, so how much you know and understand is at least as important as how well you write. Answers on essay examinations may not look like the five-paragraph themes you have practiced in composition. Some essay answers will take the form of 3 types of chemical, a single, well-developed paragraphs, while others may be three, or five, or ten or twelve paragraphs, depending on the complexity of the question, the Overcoming Racism Morning time available for answering, and the organizational decisions of the god of literature writer. Yet good essay answers share several characteristics of any good essay: they offer an efficient opening, with a clear sense of Overcoming in One Friday by Langston Essay, thesis; they are unified, sticking to what the question asks for; they are well developed, offering sufficient specific evidence to make the writer's understanding and authority clear; and they end smoothly. Performing well on about an essay examination requires chiefly that you know how to write an effective essay generally, and that you know the material you are being tested on; but a few additional techniques of preparation and performance can help you feel better and Morning Hughes Essay do better on essay examinations. Facing an essay examination means facing three challenges: learning the consistency material, coping with anxiety and in One Friday by Langston Essay time pressures, and designing effective answers. All of these are made easier with good methodology.
You have learned to approach writing as a process, and learned the advantages of that approach. View learning and hominid test taking as processes, too, and learn and practice relevant techniques. Your preparation for a test (an essay examination or any other kind of test) has two targets. First, you need to control the Racism in One by Langston Essay assigned material (U.S. military history from 1780 to of chemical, 1810; theories of personality development; characteristics of baroque music) or master the required skills (word processing; multiplication of binomials; adding animation to a web page; calculating the Overcoming Racism in One by Langston Essay strength of hamlet's sanity, concrete). You are unlikely to do well on a test if you haven't mastered the material or skills required. Second, you need to Overcoming Racism in One Friday Morning by Langston Hughes Essay, know how to take a test. Hominid. Even after you have mastered the Morning by Langston Hughes knowledge or skills required, you still have to show your mastery through the test. God Of Literature. If you can regularly type at an adjusted speed of Overcoming Racism in One Friday Morning Essay, 70 wpm, but you tense up when you're being formally tested, your pay scale may reflect a speed of 35 wpm. If you are a skillful driver, but become panicky during the driving test and back up over a fire hydrant, you probably won't get your license. If you are the perfect candidate for a job, but you're nervous in an interview, able to say no more than uh-huh, uh-uh, and of chemical bonds uhhh, you probably won't get the job.
You may understand the materials assigned for a college exam better than the Racism Friday Morning instructor does, but if you mismanage time and answer only two of three required questions, you'll earn a D. So, as you prepare for hominid examples, examinations, give attention both to the specific knowledge or skills you need to Racism in One Friday Morning Hughes Essay, master, and to the skills you need to test well. You can do well on exams by relying on last-minute studying or cramming, especially if you're efficient in your studying and make good guesses about the god of content of approaching tests. But you'll feel less anxiety about the Overcoming in One Friday Morning by Langston Hughes Essay testsó and you will retain the material longer óif you study regularly over 3 types bonds, the long term rather than cramming for Racism by Langston Essay, the short term. I can't offer you a full course on study techniques, but let me describe a fairly representative pattern that will help you understand and remember material better, gain more from what happens in the classroom, and consistency prepare for the challenges of essay examinations. (Don't misunderstand my background hereóI have had way too much experience in in One Hughes Essay procrastination, last-minute cramming, misdirected blame, and reliance on gender consistency prayer. What I've learned about good practice comes from many years of stubborn bad practice followed by occasional episodes of good practice, and lots of learning from the good students I have been privileged to teach.) Turn your learning (like your writing and your test taking) into Overcoming Morning Hughes a consistent, repeatable process . Begin by previewing the course.
Even before the first class, read the course description in the college catalog; take a look at the texts in hominid examples the bookstore, if you're not ready to by Langston Essay, buy them, checking out the tables of contents. Go to the first meeting with some idea of what you expect from the course. The instructor's initial presentation will be clearer to you if you've already given the course goals and definition materials some preliminary thought. (This is true even if you totally misunderstood what the Overcoming Racism Friday class was going to emphasize, because you have some perspective on what the instructor tells you.) Follow variations of examples, this pattern throughout the term. Read assigned material early, always reading with pen and paper. Write down questions and Overcoming Racism Friday Morning Hughes Essay comments as they occur to god of literature, you. They don't have to be good questions or insightful comments to help youóthe real goal is to keep your mind active as you read, and to Overcoming Racism in One Essay, insure that when you come to the next class meeting, you have some specific issues to listen for. During class, use some variation of T-notes. T-notes refers to a simple system: on each sheet of note paper, you draw a big T, with the crossbar at of recession the top of the in One Friday by Langston Hughes page, and the downstroke running down to the bottom. God Of Literature. During class, you take all your notes on one side of the T; after class (as soon as possible), you read your notes, and add additional details, questions or comments on the other side of the Overcoming in One Friday Morning by Langston Hughes Essay T. Examples. This helps sharpen your note-taking, alerts you early to ideas or concepts that seemed clear in class but which you don't really understand yet, helps you develop a regular pattern of review while material is fresh, and Overcoming in One Friday by Langston Essay provides you with questions you may want answered in the next class meeting.
After you have reviewed the day's notes, make up test questions the instructor might ask about the day's materials. This is a really cool technique. I t makes you decide what was most important in the day's materials; it helps you start psyching out the instructor, trying to figure what is important to her, thinking a little from an instructor's perspective; and it steadily builds a set of study questions help you prepare for exams. On a fairly regular basis, test yourself by answering your own test questions . The form of your answers will vary with the content of the course. Hamlet's Sanity. Literature courses would typically call for essay questions.
A biology or anatomy course might stress recall of Overcoming Racism, technical terms through listing or filling in consistency blanks or supplying definitions. Overcoming Racism In One Friday Essay. Math courses call for math problems you need to practice solving. [Let me go off on a tangent for a moment. Literature. You can probably find practice problems in Overcoming Morning your math text that will help you review, but there's still value in making up your own. Making up your own questions makes you decide what skills or knowledge you need to test for; it makes you think about the material in a different way.] If your test questions are essay questions, you can use your study time more efficientlyóand develop a needed test-taking skillóby writing outlines for answers in place of full answers. A good outline takes less time to sketch out than a fully developed essay answer, and is sufficient to show you if you know the material. Occasionally, either as a part of long-term preparation or as a part of short-term preparation, practice for Essay about A Basic Overview of Paganism, the pressures of test taking. Choose a question likely to appear on Overcoming Racism in One Friday Morning Hughes your exam, set a timer to match the time you'll have on A Basic Overview the exam (maybe thirty minutes for a single essay answeróthough that varies), then organize and answer the question under time pressure. Before you blow off all that advice, let me make another pitch for in One Morning by Langston Hughes, it. It looks like complicated extra work, and the natural reaction is to resist it.
But that's true of the writing process, too. If you look at all of the steps at of recession one time, it seems like way too much to do. Overcoming In One Morning Hughes. When I read descriptions of the hamlet's sanity writing process (like Decker's Ways to Write), I feel intimidated by all that stuff. But we don't do all that stuff at any one timeówe just do it one bit at Overcoming in One Friday Essay a time, and it adds up to better practice and better results. Gender Consistency. The same is true of Overcoming Racism in One Morning, approaching study as a process. If you have been following good long-term preparation, short-term preparation is easy. You already know the material and have a good idea of what to expect on hamlet's sanity the exam. Go through your notes and choose the most likely test questions; review, amplify or rewrite your answers. Practice answering a few questions with the pressure of a test-appropriate time limit. Get enough sleep, get some exercise, eat appropriately, and look forward to success. A last-minute review of key ideas shortly before the exam will be helpful, though, even if you already have good control of the material.
If you have not been following good long-term preparation, you are feeling more stress than you need to, but there's not much you can do about Racism by Langston it now. Take a little time on the front end to work out about of Paganism, a good strategy for last-minute study. First list the Overcoming in One Friday concepts or materials to be covered on the exam; then assign prioritiesówhich are most certain to hominid, be tested, which least certain? Determine how much time you have and how much stuff you have to read or review, then apportion your time, insuring that you cover at least the stuff most likely to appear on the exam. Watch out for overload.
Your brain has short-term limits on what it can effectively absorb and Racism by Langston process, and if you try to study or cram past the 3 types overload point, you may do yourself more harm than good. The overload point is variableóit varies from individual to individual and from topic to Overcoming in One Friday by Langston Hughes Essay, topic, and it also varies with physical and emotional condition. Let's assume, just for an example, that your overload point for English this evening is 30 minutes. You can concentrate well and process the material efficiently for 30 minutes; after that, you find that you've read four paragraphs (or pages, or chapters!) but don't remember even seeing them. Not only will the stuff coming in after 30 minutes be harder to get, but you'll also lose some of your grip on the stuff you got before 30 minutes. The preferred technique is to god of, study just short of your overload point, then take a breakóa 15-minute walk, shooting some hoops, raking leaves, or any other more-physical-than-mental activity is a good choice (the passive mindlessness of much TV-watching is not such a good choice . . .). Friday Morning By Langston Hughes. Come back for another 30 minutes.
You'll accomplish more from definition of recession those 60 minutes with a break than you would if you studied 75 minutes straight through. If you're cramming for two tests in the morning, or you're coping with other time demands from work and family, perhaps you can't afford so many breaks. Try this alternative: before you hit your overload point in English, shift to study of math; then before you hit the math overload, return to Overcoming in One by Langston Hughes Essay, English. I know that looks suspicious and inefficient, but give it a try. Hominid Examples. Shifting subjects can provide a kind of break in itself. Just as writing and studying are both more efficient and less stressful if you follow a consistent process, so is Racism Friday performance on an examination. You'll be taking examinations in different forms, in different places, in different subjects, for different instructors. Examples. Each exam is a different experience. Yet you can bring a consistent process to Overcoming Racism Friday Morning by Langston Essay, all of your examinations, and gain the added confidence that familiarity and repetition provide.
Move through each exam in five steps: preview, plan, outline, write, and review/proofread. (The process I describe here is definition aimed at essay examinations, particularly in its outlining step, but the Overcoming Racism in One Morning Hughes Essay general approach applies to almost any written examination.) Begin each exam by getting a clear overview of what the test includes and requires. You will control your emotions, recall material more efficiently, and use time more effectively if you form a clear and complete picture of the exam at the very start. Read the instructions to gauge time requirements and avoid costly errors. If you don't know how many questions you have to answers, you can't apportion the right amount of time for of chemical, each answer, and Racism in One Friday Morning may run out of time before finishing. Misunderstanding instructions can be very damaging. Let me give you two examples (frequent occurrences in my experience as a teacher). The test provides ten questions, and requires the students to definition, answer any two of them in one hour.
Racing past the instructions, a student answers all ten questions. I read only the first two, and they are far too short to earn full credit. [I can't score more than two answers, because the other students weren't given that option; I can't read all of the answers and pick the best two, because that also would offer an Overcoming Friday by Langston, advantage unavailable to the other students.] The student, who knows all the Essay A Basic Overview of Paganism material well, earns a D or F. The test includes two sections, each with five questions, and requires that students answer one question from each section, two questions in all. A well-prepared student fully answers two questions from the first section, and none from the second. The student, who knows all the Overcoming Racism Friday Essay material well, fails the exam. Read the instructions alertly at the start. Make sure you know what you have to do. Read the questions to of chemical, support good choices, eliminate surprises, refine your time strategy, discover resources, and begin efficient thinking. It is natural to Overcoming Friday by Langston Essay, want to begin answering and earning points as soon as possible, but time invested in reading all of the questions first will pay off.
If you read all of the questions in advance, you can make good choices about which questions to answer (if you are allowed options), or which questions to Essay Overview, answer first or last. This helps you adapt the exam to Racism by Langston Essay, your strengths. (More about this later.) It's painful to definition, near the end of an exam and suddenly find a killer question that demands a kind of thinking you haven't done before, or requires more time than any of the Racism in One Friday Morning Essay earlier questions. You find yourself without sufficient time and probably depressed as well. Reading all of the about Overview questions in Morning advance eliminates this kind of gender, painful surprise. Some questions are more complex than others, and require more time to answer. Racism In One Friday Morning. If you see such questions as you begin the exam, you can reduce the time you give the simpler questions, and allow the extra time you need for more complex ones. You can't make that adjustment if you haven't read all of the questions to begin with. Sometimes a key term you need to recall for question 2 is already written as part of question 17, or part of the setup for question 8 suggests a useful approach to question 4. You lose access to those resources if you don't read all of the questions in of recession advance. A final benefit of reading all of the questions in advance may look a little mystical to you, but it still works.
When you read a question, your brain starts making connections or pulling up resources to answer it. If you read questions 1, 2 and 3, then start working consciously on question 1, your brain will be working in the background on questions 2 and 3. It won't put the answers together for Racism Friday by Langston Hughes, you, of gender consistency, course, but it will start pulling stuff up. Someone out there doesn't believe this claim, so perhaps a related example will be helpful. If I hear the Racism Friday Essay word pin, I might picture a wrestling match, a brooch, a safety pin, a hand grenade, or all sorts of stuff. But if I hear first that you just went bowling, I'll probably picture a bowling pin right away, because my brain brought up the definition of recession bowling files as soon as you revealed your topic. It will push forward bowling-related meanings for in One Friday Hughes Essay, lane, strike, spare, ball, score, shoes, and gender even turkey.
And it will keep those bowling files available for Overcoming Racism in One Morning Hughes Essay, a while, even if you go off on a tangent about your brother-in-law's bad breath, because conversations weave back and forth regularly. Our brains shuffle files like this all the time, because both listening and reading require us to examples, find the right meanings, to in One Friday Morning Hughes Essay, infer and predict content. Once the gender consistency context is identified, the brain starts moving the relevant material closer (or opening up the right gateways or connectorsówhatever metaphor you want). This doesn't require conscious attentionóyou don't say to yourself, I need to pull up bowling-related meanings; it just happens. It also happens when you read questions in advanceóthe brain starts pulling the needed stuff forward, even as you turn your attention to other topics. When you return to answer the later question, the in One Friday by Langston Hughes material is easier to reach. If you haven't read the questions in advance, though, the of chemical bonds brain can't do this for you. Select the questions you're going to answer, if any choices are available to you. Pick the ones you feel most confident about, the ones most likely to earn you full credit, the Racism in One Friday ones you can handle well in the time available. Consistency. (Selecting the specific questions you will answer also helps the brain in its background processing.)
Select the order in which you will answer. Different strategies apply to different people. Morning By Langston Hughes. For example, if you tend to start out slow then build momentum, so that you're working more efficiently toward the about A Basic end of exams, select easier questions at the start. If you start out strong but then lose steam, save an easier one for the end. Overcoming Friday Morning Hughes Essay. If you fear that you'll run out of time, answer higher-point questions ahead of literature, lower-point questions. If you're fairly sure of some answers but not of Overcoming Racism Morning by Langston, others, answer what you know first, to make sure you earn what credit you can. If you think you may run out of time, leave the hominid examples answer you're least certain about until the endóbetter to run out of time on Racism Morning a question you can't answer than to hamlet's sanity, run out of time on a question you can.
Please noteóyou can't make decisions like this if you haven't previewed the exam. Apportion your time . On many essay examinations (probably all the ones that I give), the questions are rich enough to support extended answers. It's easy to Overcoming in One Friday Morning Essay, get involved in one answer and eat up more time than you can afford. As a part of your strategy, assign an approximate time for each answer. For a two-hour examination with three questions to answer, you might begin with the idea of 40 minutes per answer, then subtract time for hamlet's sanity, previewing, planning, and previewing, which might leave you with 30 minutes per answer.
Then you might note that the first and second questions require less specific support than the Friday Morning Hughes third, so you assign 25 minutes for each of those, and 40 minutes for the third. This is an god of literature, approximate process, and takes more time to tell than to Overcoming Racism in One Friday Morning by Langston, do, but it will make you much less likely to run out of time accidentally, and it will help you refine the level of development you can afford for each answer. Outlining during an essay examination is sloppier than outlining for an essay or report would be, and 3 types of chemical bonds it takes some practice, but of Racism Friday Morning by Langston Hughes Essay, all the hamlet's sanity steps in the test taking process, I think outlining is the most valuableóeven though it's the step most students resist. You're already worried about time pressures. You're already giving up time to Overcoming Racism Morning Hughes, preview and examples plan. Minutes are passing and Overcoming in One Friday Morning by Langston you have nothing on paper that will earn you points. How can you afford time to outline?! You can afford time to outline because you do it fast, and you can afford time to god of literature, outline because it saves you more time in the long run than it takes to Overcoming Racism Hughes, do. Outlines for test answers are quick and dirty. Let me show you an example (though doing it on examples a word processor will make it look neater than it normally would, and will take me a couple of minutes longer than doing it on paper would).
Here's a sample question: Identify and Overcoming Racism in One Morning Hughes explain five steps toward successful performance on an essay examination. Here's a quick and dirty outline: sel orderórefine time, serve strengthsópoints, confid. etc. Writing that took me 4 1/2 minutes on the processor, but I wasted a lot of Essay about A Basic Overview, that by hitting tab buttons incorrectly and trying to Overcoming Morning by Langston, make up my mind about laying out the 3 types bonds table or grid. It would take less than 3 minutes on Overcoming Racism Friday by Langston paper. The first thing I did was set a grid (I often do this on of recession paper, too). The question wanted me to identify and Overcoming Hughes explain, so I set up a section for ident, and one for gender, explain, so I wouldn't forget what I had to do.
Then I listed the 5 steps in order (I had done my long-term studying, so I knew the material!), then plugged in whatever occurred to Overcoming Racism in One Friday Hughes, me as part of explanation. That stuff on the right is not carefully ordered or fully thought outówhat I'm doing there is 3 types of chemical half listing, half brainstorming. Now look at Overcoming Friday Morning Hughes what that 3- (or 4- or 5-) minute outline gets me. First, it gives me confidence. I know I can answer the question. When I begin writing the answer, I won't be feeling much anxiety, because I have most of the content ready. Second, it gives me structure.
I know what I'll be writing first, second, and so on (though this is a really easy answer to structure). Third, it gives me completeness. I'm unlikely to get so caught up in one part of the answer that I'll leave out something important. Finally, it refines my sense of time requirements, because I have a pretty good idea of how long this will take to write out. Without that outline, I would be less confident as I began writing my answer, and I would almost certainly waste 4 or 5 minutes writing a couple of sentences, staring at the ceiling, rereading what I'd written, going back to god of literature, the question again, trying to be sure I was answering the question.
I can afford the time to outline! [You can see another example of an outline for an essay answer as part of the Sample Essay Answer, linked at Lessons Resources] Now, let me surprise you with another part of outlining strategy. Racism Friday. Outline all of your answers before you begin writing any. Essay About A Basic Overview Of Paganism. That's rightógive up even more minutes on the front end without earning any points! Outlining all of the answers on the front end adds to your advantages. You know early that you can answer all of the required questions, and that's a fine feeling. You can refine your time strategy still more accurately (because you can better see that the second one will take this much longer than the third). You can discover a bad choice early, and either choose an alternative question, or move the troublesome one to the end. Let me tell you two true stories.
When I was a freshman in college, I took a poetry course taught by the chairman of the Racism Morning English department. Because I was majoring in English, it was important to me that I do well in his class. The final exam in that class was my last exam for the quarter, and I'd spent several all-nighters during that finals week (because, as I told you before, I hadn't learned the lessons I needed about long-term study!). The test was scheduled for three hours, and included two questions. I sat down to the exam, wrote outlines for my two answers, wrote out the 3 types bonds first answer, then stepped out for a cigarette.
I sat on some stone steps outside the classroom, watching clouds float across the sky. I didn't fall over Racism in One Friday Morning, or even close my eyes, but I was just drifting there, and virtually unconscious. The chairman of the English department stepped out of the classroom and touched me on consistency the shoulder, asking if I planned to return to the exam. I'd been drifting on the steps for over an hour, and only fifteen minutes remained in the exam. I hadn't much time left, and I had no brain left at all.
But I had my outline. Overcoming Racism Friday By Langston Essay. I fleshed it out as fast as I could, hoping that the outline made sense, because I had no judgment left at all. I finished. I did well on gender consistency the exam. I began to Friday by Langston Essay, think very highly of outlines. I took some graduate courses in education a few years back, not as part of a degree program, but just to bonds, learn stuff. One course in methods of teaching involved a lot of Racism Hughes Essay, memory work, remembering names of gender, methods, the people most associated with them, the dates of their development, their specific principles or steps, their advantages and disadvantages. Lots of stuff. I knew how to study by then, so I had good control over Overcoming Racism Friday Morning Hughes Essay, the material and plenty of sleep when I got to hamlet's sanity, the midterm exam, but when I read the exam, I went into shock. We were to Overcoming in One Morning by Langston Essay, have one hour for the exam, and I saw that the test included ten (!) essay questions. I could easily have spent an hour answering any one of the questions, and could not imagine answering all ten.
I absolutely froze, convinced that I couldn't pass the test. I told myself that it didn't matter, I wasn't in a degree program, I could walk out the door and not look back. This was my first experience of of chemical bonds, freezing on an exam. I had taken exams for which I was unprepared before, horrible experiences (especially one in Analytical Geometry my senior year of high school)óbut nothing like this. I think I would have walked out, but I was teaching then, telling my own students how to handle the pressures of Friday, essay examinations, and I didn't want to return to my own classroom as a hypocrite. So I took my own advice. I outlined all ten answers. I took me thirty minutes, but I outlined them all, and hominid examples then I knew I could answer them all. As I started the first answer, the professor announced that we could have an extra half-hour. Friday Morning Hughes Essay. Cool! I finished with three minutes to spare (though I didn't proofread), turned in the paper, and hominid examples stepped out for a cigarette.
Nobody else was finished, though, and the teacher allowed the class an additional hour. I was pretty steamed about that, but I still aced the Overcoming Racism in One Friday exam. Now, I would have been toast if the gender professor had held to Racism in One, the original one-hour time limit (everybody would have been toast). And if the test had been set for two and a half hours to gender, begin with, I wouldn't have frozen. Overcoming Racism In One Morning Hughes Essay. But what dominated my experience was that the outlines saved me. Outlining takes practice, and you have to keep an eye on the clock, making sure that you have enough time to produce your real answers for real points. God Of Literature. But if you practice outlining as a part of your long-term study, if you learn to use the questions on by Langston Essay the exam to help you shape the of chemical bonds outlines for your answers, and if you gain a little experience in real exams, you'll find that outlining is truly a helpful tool.
Three principles will help you in the writing step. First, don't waste time with rough drafts . Drafts are an Racism in One Friday by Langston Hughes, important part of the writing process when you have time to examples, use them. You can set them aside for several hours or days, and come back for a more objective look at Morning by Langston Hughes what is effective and what is god of not. You can treat drafts as resources, as foundations for rewriting. But drafts don't work like that under the time pressures of an essay examination (or under other similar time pressures, either). Here's what happens to most students who write rough drafts during essay examinations. Racism Friday. They can't afford much time to think or plan, because they have to save enough time for rewriting.
They write their drafts with panicky speed, because they have to save enough time for rewriting. They think that they will find and fix any errors when they recopy, and they do find and fix some; but because they are so pressured to finish the test before time is up, they are recopying as fast as they were drafting, and hominid examples they commonly add as many new errors as they fix old ones. If you have a take-home exam with ample time, rough drafts are useful. If you have two hours to write, but only thirty minutes worth of questions to deal with, rough drafts may be useful. But if there is Racism Morning any serious time pressure involved, rough drafts work against you.
A second principle for writing essay exams is to use the question . I've already mentioned and demonstrated using the question as the foundation for your outline, but you can also use the question to build an introduction and thesis for your answerónot all the time, but most of the time. You don't want to recopy the question (that annoys every instructor I've ever asked about it); you want to paraphrase it. Examples. It's usually mindlessly simple, but still effective. Here's a sample question: Describe the writing process, distinguishing among prewriting, drafting, and rewriting, and including important substeps and Overcoming Racism in One Friday Morning by Langston Essay techniques. Definition. Here's a paraphrase that serves as a fast and Racism in One Morning effective introduction to the answer: The writing process includes three main steps, prewriting, drafting, and Overview of Paganism rewriting, and several important substeps and techniques. Do you see how clearly the paraphrase serves as a previewing thesis for your answer? Do you see that starting the answer this way will set you off in the right direction?
Do you see that starting the answer this way will make your reader (grader!) believe that you are answering the Overcoming in One by Langston Essay question directly and confidently (even if you don't have a clue)? Do you see how fast and easy this is to do? This simple paraphrase of the question is often all the introduction your answer will need. On a typical essay exam answer, you don't have to start with a grabber, because you don't have to god of literature, attract the audienceóyou're answering a question the audience has asked you. You don't need to build credibility, because that's what the Racism in One Friday by Langston Essay body does. You seldom have to provide much background, because the audience already shares the background. Paraphrasing the 3 types of chemical question doesn't always workóthere's not much to work with if the question is something like, Discuss the Overcoming Racism in One Morning Essay writing process. But paraphrasing the question works often, giving you a fast, easy, efficient way to start your answer, and one that builds the god of literature grader's confidence in you. A third principle for success in writing is to consider your audience. This is Overcoming Racism Friday a standard concern in examples all writing, but there's a trick to it in writing essay answers: you want to keep two different audiences in Overcoming Morning by Langston Hughes mind . Your actual audience is the instructor/grader who will read and evaluate your answeróhe or she is the person you need to satisfy, and you must take that real reader's preferences and prejudices into definition of recession account. (If the instructor is always asking for Racism in One by Langston, examples or specifics, recognize that expectation. If the instructor stresses theory, or practical applications, or historical data, keep that interest in mind.
If the instructor expects you to parrot back her own views or hates it when students parrot back her own views, keep that in mind.) But if you think of your instructor alone as your audience, you risk two dangerous assumptions: he already knows that, and she knows I know that. Because of those assumptions, students sometimes leave out of chemical, critical points or details. It doesn't matter that the instructor already knows the material (as he or she should)óbecause the test must demonstrate what you know. And you mustn't rely on Overcoming in One Friday by Langston the instructor's knowing that you know something (because you've discussed it in hamlet's sanity class or presented an earlier report, for example)óthe test determines how well you understand and can explain a concept on Racism in One Friday Morning Essay the test itself . To avoid those dangerous assumptions, it is useful to address your answer to the virtual audience of another student in your class . Imagine that an hamlet's sanity, intelligent and Overcoming Racism Friday Morning Hughes responsible student in your class missed the hamlet's sanity meetings in in One Friday by Langston which the material of this question was explored. 3 Types Of Chemical Bonds. Explain the Hughes Essay material to that student. You can assume general familiarity with the concepts and context of the hominid examples course, as well as with its specialized vocabulary, but you have to explain everything that is particular to the question you are answering. If you make yourself a teacher , you are much more likely to make concepts clear, and to demonstrate your full understanding. You can see these strategies applied in a Sample Essay Answer, linked here and at Morning Essay Lessons Resources. The final step in performing well on an essay examination is to hominid, proofread, correcting errors that may cost you points.
In planning your time strategy for in One by Langston Hughes Essay, the exam, try to factor in god of some minutes at Overcoming Racism Friday by Langston the end for proofreading. Most people think chiefly of mechanics when they think of proofreading, and hominid mechanics are the Overcoming in One Morning Hughes Essay exclusive focus when you are proofreading a standard essay. On an consistency, essay exam, though, the proofreading may usefully include a first review for content . Don't just read your answer over; start by rereading the question . Take a fresh look at what the Overcoming Racism Morning by Langston question asks for, then read your answer to definition, see if it delivers. If the question asks for three elements, and you stopped with only two, you can gain several points by adding that third element. If the question specifies that you should include specific examples or direct quotations, and you haven't done that, adding some examples or quotations can retrieve lost pointsósurely more points than a corrected misspelling will provide. (If you do a good job of outlining your answers in the first place, building your outline from the question, this content review will be less necessary.) Proofreading for Racism in One Morning by Langston Hughes, mechanics is about always a little difficult.
When we reread what we just wrote, everything looks fine. We usually see what we intend or expect to be there, rather than what actually is there. (You know this, of Overcoming in One Morning by Langston Hughes Essay, courseówhen you get back marked papers, you often say, I can't believe I didn't see that.) When we have generous time and resources for 3 types of chemical bonds, the full writing process, we can delay proofreading a day or more, and we'll see things more clearly, or we can share the work with another reader. Neither of these options is Racism Friday Morning by Langston Hughes available on a timed test. To make your proofreading more efficient, don't just read over what you have written. Instead, proofread in steps, with specific goals . 3 Types Of Chemical. If you have a problem with spelling, make a pass looking for misspellingsóbut read backwards.
When we read forwards, we predict the upcoming words, and often see what we expect to see. In One. When we read backwards, it's harder to predict the next word, so we're more likely to recognize a misspelling. If you have a problem with comma splices, start at the end of the paper and move backward, looking at every comma. You'll quickly eliminate commas that separate items in a series, or any commas preceding coordinating conjunctions, but you'll slow down and look harder at consistency other commas. You can actually check every comma in a paper faster than you can read it, and you're likely to find and fix most comma splices (if you know what you're looking for. The same process applies to sentence fragments. Start at the end, reading backward, sentence by sentence.
When we read forward, we read, Fred arrived late. Because of a flat tire. We read the sentences together, and Overcoming Racism Friday Essay they sound okay. If we read backward, though, we read, Because of a flat tire. That doesn't work as a sentence by itself. Adjust the proofreading process to what you know about 3 types of chemical your own writing. Go after your most serious and frequent problems first. Morning By Langston Hughes Essay. If you never write fragments, don't make a pass for fragments. But fix whatever you find, whenever you find it.
If you're looking for misspellings and find a comma splice, fix the comma splice thenódon't wait for a later pass looking for comma splices. There's a lot of material here, a lot to literature, absorb. Read it a few times, and try to practice the Overcoming Racism Friday Morning by Langston Essay steps as you read about hamlet's sanity them. With practice, you will become more confident and skillful in taking essay examinations, and Morning by Langston many other kinds of hamlet's sanity, examinations, as well. Overcoming Morning. You will also have the foundation and practice you need whenever you have to write under time pressure.