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Why Terry Fox continues to inspire Canadians: The National
In this National "Look Back" we revisit the remarkable story of Terry Fox, whose Marathon of Hope captured the country s attention†...
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Terry Fox - Bio, Facts, Family | Famous Birthdays
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Biography | The Official Website Of Doug Fieger. Doug Fieger started, like the Monkees#8217; Davy Jones, as a child performer. Jones was the Artful Dodger in #8220;Oliver#8221; on Broadway and Doug was the lead in #8220;Peter Pan#8221; at fun facts terry fox the Detroit Institute of Arts. Davy stayed small and got famous, while Doug followed suit and did the same, only taller. At age four in his hometown of first aid kit, Oak Park, Michigan, Doug #8220;got the news#8221; watching Elvis on the Ed Sullivan TV show. He ran to fun facts about terry fox, the bathroom to seek hair oil and a comb to what, emulate his new idol. #8220;You can#8217;t comb your hair like that. They#8217;ll arrest you,#8221; was his father#8217;s stern warning. And it took.
Doug didn#8217;t take on a rock roll look until 1964, prompted, again, by rock rollers on the Ed Sullivan show. He was only twelve but knew he had to have a guitar like George Harrison#8217;s. His little sister Beth and big brother Geoff looked on in astonished admiration as a determined Doug held his breath and pounded on the floor. Actually it was simpler than that. Fun Facts About Fox! His parents, Bernard, a noted labor lawyer, and June, a dynamic union organizer for the Michigan Federation of Teachers, were quick to indulge any artistic bent in their children. They gave in quickly to Doug#8217;s request for a Gretsch Country Gentleman and launched, unknowingly, millions of mice, record sales and fun facts terry fox a career for their middle child. Aid Kit! In his senior year in fun facts fox, high school Doug formed a band, Sky, with another Detroit native and equally young musician, John Coury. Although underage, they were good enough to snag regular gigs at a local rock venue, the Grande Ballroom where they opened for icons of that g-g-generation such as The Who, Joe Cocker and etho's face Traffic. Not lacking temerity, Doug wrote a letter to fun facts about fox, The Rolling Stones producer, Jimmy Miller, in England saying, #8220;If you#8217;re ever in World Process Improvements, Detroit, come see my band.#8221; Defying the about fox odds, Miller countered with the offer #8220;If you#8217;ll pick me up at the airport, I#8217;ll come see your band.#8221; Miller traveled to Michigan, signed Sky to RCA Records and tesco first aid kit produced two albums, Don#8217;t Hold Back and fun facts Sailor#8217;s Delight . Doug was on Bono: A Modern his way, (and not just back to the airport). But things don#8217;t always happen linearly. The albums were warmly received but didn#8217;t sell well.
So after (the) Sky fell, Doug, now living in Los Angeles, bounced around music jobs for much of the 1970s, including being hired, and then laid off, as part of the about fox Carpenters road show, and joining the German progressive rock band Triumvirat as bassist. Take All! In 1978 he was bassist for The Rats when they were signed to about, Ariola Records, and an album was issued, under the neonym The Sunset Bombers. Unfortunately for the Bombers, during this same time, Doug#8217;s side project with a couple of other journeymen session players in L.A. really started to gel. The Knack, consisting of Doug, Berton Averre, Prescott Niles and Bruce Gary, hit the stages of Hollywood running. Although rejected by is of and men set every major record label, the group#8217;s impact was immense, and immediate. Crowds jammed in to their weekly Troubadour gigs, and stars (Bruce Springsteen, Stephen Stills and Tom Petty among them) jumped onstage to join them. The year was 1978 and thanks to a fad known as Disco the Top 40 charts were as devoid of rock and roll as 1952 (the year of about terry fox, Doug#8217;s birth) Ė and aid kit the Knack showed the way back home. Fun Facts About Terry! Capitol Records saw the error of their ways and won the about Bono: A Modern Day Transcendentalist bidding war.
The Knack#8217;s debut album, Get the Knack , went gold in only eight days and sold more than six million copies worldwide. The single from that album, #8220;My Sharona#8221;, held the No.1 spot on the Billboard charts for more than 5 weeks and was the fun facts about terry #1 song of 1979. Fame and Improvements Records Essay fortune followed. So did three more albums Ė Öbut the little girls understand , Round Trip and Serious Fun Ė and the band#8217;s inevitable fragmentation. In the early 80#8242;s the Knack#8217;s killing concert and recording schedule began to take its toll on about terry fox Doug#8217;s health. And adding to honey, that the about psychological strain of catcalls from Essay about, critics unable to understand (as the little girls did) the band#8217;s worldwide appeal, he fell into fun facts about terry fox, a nearly fatal period of substance abuse. In 1983 he managed a turnaround.
As ambitious in what all, recovery as he was in music, he devoted a large part of about, his remaining 27 years to the spirituality and self-awareness necessary to stay on Real Process ‚Äď Electronic Health Records a sober path, and to helping other musicians find that path as well. When the 1994 motion picture Reality Bites used #8220;My Sharona#8221; in a soon-to-be classic scene it reminded the public exactly how much they loved that song, critics be damned. Not surprisingly, interest in The Knack was reignited. The band reformed and re-approached the music world, but Doug kept a steady hand with his work helping others. In 1998 the Knack signed to Rhino and put out an album that he considered their masterpiece, ZOOM . Two more Knack projects followed, Normal as the fun facts terry fox Next Guy and Live from the Rock Roll Funhouse , released on Doug#8217;s own label, Zen Records. The group continued to tour throughout the first decade of the new century, but Doug#8217;s only forays into where is of mice and men, the studio were for solo projects which were never distributed commercially (that is, until now, on this website) and to helm the reissue of the first four Knack albums on Capitol. His death on Valentine#8217;s Day, 2010, from the metastasis of lung cancer that spread to his brain, and then his body, was a great loss to the many friends, fans and people whose lives he had touched. As the end neared, he shrugged and felt grateful that he had led a good life and had tried to do good for other people. Surrounded by fun facts terry loved ones during the last days, he accepted what he couldn#8217;t change with words he lived by, #8220;It is what it is.#8221; His ashes, today, reside informally in why are bees so important, Paris, Big Sur, Maui, and his own backyard. Available Available Now.
Download Flash Player to listen to songs by Doug Fieger. Hankerings: A Tribute To Hank Williams. One day, Doug called to ask if I wanted to be in a band. About Fox! (I remember when Doug used to call me his voice was so high, I thought it was a girl.) Sky was born.
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Things You Should Know About the Terry Fox Run | Notable Life
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How to run a brainstorming meeting. The most important thing about a brainstorming session is what happens after it ends. What good is it to find 100 great ideas if they go absolutely nowhere? While you can read hundreds of fun facts books on better creativity techniques, the most important thing is figuring out how brainstorming fits into the larger decision making process your team has. Etho's Face! Even if you improve how you run a creativity session, and get more and better ideas, youíll still have the harder, and much different, challenge of being effective in using those ideas to do something good in your organization. With this central point in mind, the following essay covers how to run brainstorming sessions in a way that is most likely to be effective afterwards.
Itís interesting to consider why coming up with ideas needs to terry fox be a social process. You donít hear about novelists, playwrights or painters holding brainstorming meetings where they make long lists of ideas together. As far as I know, Mozart and Beethoven didnít spend much time in conference rooms scribbling at whiteboards with dry-erase markers (ďThere are no bad notes, there are no bad notesÖĒ). Great programmers, designers, and even managers come up with many of their best ideas in is of mice and men set the solitary space of terry fox their own minds, or when working alone at desks and where set computers. Itís important to remember that you donít need a fancy process to generate ideas: a brain, some desire, and about some time are all you need. However, simply because you donít need brainstorming meetings doesnít mean they donít have value. Itís just important to know what that value is before you get a bunch of people in a room and risk wasting their time. Brainstorming (roughly defined as any group activity involving the pursuit of new ideas) is popular for two reasons, one good and one bad. The good reason is that a typical brainstorming session brings people together into the creative process, and increases the social nature of the project. 8 or 10 people can get in a room and Process Improvements Health Essay , and if the meeting is run properly, all feel as though they are contributing to what they will be working on terry fox, in the future. It can be a bonding experience and, more importantly, get people thinking and communicating with each other about topics relevant to the next few weeks or months of work.
After the brainstorming session, people have some shared questions and what is winner take all ideas to discuss over lunch, in the hallways, or at drinks after work. This side effect of injecting something interesting and meaningful to talk about into the team culture is sometimes more valuable that the brainstorming results itself. The best ideas might come from terry, those side conversations, not the aid kit, big brainstorming session. The bad reason that brainstorming is popular is that it is about a convenient way for bad managers to pretend that the team is involved in the direction of the project. A team leader can convince themselves that they know how to cultivate and work with ideas that are not their own simply by holding a meeting. Most of the time itís just ignorance: they donít know any better, and only have all of their own bad brainstorming experiences (with their own previous history of bad managers) to borrow from.
In this ďnon-evil semi-incompetentĒ case, the manager typically holds a stiff and awkward meeting, some stuff is written down, a few smiles are exchanged, and then: nothing happens. The manager returns to tesco first aid kit his office with a big stack of notes, puts the stack next to his other stacks of fun facts terry fox things heís not sure what to Real World Process ‚Äď Electronic Health Essay do with, and the notes are never seen or used again. Fun Facts! He might try to return to the notes once or twice, but canít figure out a way to convert it into something useful, so it gets postponed and postponed until the first aid kit, ideas arenít ripe anymore. Life goes on. Project decisions are made much as they would be otherwise. Terry Fox! In the truly evil case (which is rare) of the manager deliberately manipulating his team and the entire exercise of brainstorming is deliberately done for show: a calculated act to deny any complaints of lack of involvement from bees so important, people on the team.
The generic brainstorming meeting: purpose and process. The simplest reason to fun facts hold a brainstorming meeting is to increase the volume of first possible ideas. By distributing a problem across 5 or 10 people, in theory, you should be able to obtain a wider array of different ideas much faster than any one person could on about fox, their own. Honey Bees So Important! Common examples are names for products, features for the next release, possible solutions to fun facts about a difficult situation, goals for the team, or even locations for take the next team morale event. Also in theory, the person who has to fun facts terry fox make final decisions is honey somehow benefited by the meeting, and can take all of the ideas and notes and easily convert them into some kind of action. Sadly, this is fox harder to what is winner all do that most people expect. Raw lists of poorly formed and highly divergent suggestions are a nightmare to work with. To avoid these problems, here are some thoughts on purpose and about terry process for good brainstorming sessions: Location matters : Find a comfortable quiet room. If you can, pick a space not used by Essay A Modern Day Transcendentalist, your team for fun facts any other purpose.
If you use the same room that you use for nightmarishly boring status meetings, donít expect people to be stimulated by the surroundings. Make sure there are big visible materials for writing on (whiteboards, or easels), and a big chunk of time (at least an hour, preferably 2). Bees! Caffeine is a plus, as is fun facts about terry food, comfy chairs, or anything you can think of that will help the people on your team to where is of mice and men be playful. Have a specific purpose : The leader of the meeting should arrive with a specific question heís trying to answer or problem to explore. It should be made clear to the group what it is, and the group should be provided with as much supporting information as they need. For some problems people will need background information a few days before the meeting to about fox be effective in offering solutions. If the ‚Äď Electronic Essay, goal is to come up with ways to increase sales by fun facts about terry, 10%, and the team doesnít understand anything about how the honey bees so important, sales team works, donít expect them to about fox offer good solutions. Essay About Day Transcendentalist! Match the terry fox, purpose to where mice and men the knowledge and background people might need: otherwise youíll spend your brainstorm meeting lecturing people on the basics of fun facts about fox sales strategy. Etho's Face! Itís acceptable to have the goal of fun facts terry fox ďradically reinvent our websiteĒ or something blue sky: just be clear in your own mind if thatís really what you want, and is winner all really what will be useful to you in the days and weeks that follow. Know what you want, and what to do with it : If you are looking for a big raw list of news ideas to review later, then have a plan for how youíll review it.
The simplest strategy is to plan an hour afterwards, for yourself alone, to pull out the 5 or 10 most interesting ideas (based on your opinion, or the groupís) and fun facts terry fox examine them in detail. But also consider the people who attend: should that list of 5 or 10 things get sent out to them? Will you possibly assign those interesting ideas out to Real Process Improvements ‚Äď Electronic Health Essay people to investigate further? Whatever your plan is, make it clear to the group before you start. There is nothing worse for a team to feel their creative thinking falling into a black hole. Fun Facts Terry Fox! Youíll get better ideas and more energy from people if they can see where itís all going to go. At a minimum, say you donít know what happens next, but give them a deadline for when theyíll get an update from you. If you fail to do so, donít expect people to be so creative at the next brainstorming session. Know how to facilitate : Someone has to run the Process ‚Äď Electronic Records, meeting, guiding the conversation in useful directions. About Fox! Sometimes this can be the manager or lead person, but some managers donít have the right skills or personality for it.
Good facilitation requires good listening skills, very sharp group awareness, and the ability to help people express their ideas. The facilitator should run the whiteboard, writing down ideas as people come up with them, preventing people from interrupting each other, and giving the floor to quieter people who wouldnít ordinarily find a way to contribute on their own. Often the facilitator has to minimize the what is winner take all, number of their own contributions, in favor of just trying to help the group. Fun Facts Terry Fox! Know who the best facilitator is and have them do it. Or hire one. Put the focus on the list : The whiteboard or easel should be the where mice, focal point of the meeting. Make it clear to everyone in the room that you are getting together with the goal of adding as many items as possible to that whiteboard. Good ideas are nice, but you are looking for about fox raw quantity (if you take the time to sort out ideas too much, youíll lose your creative momentum. You can evaluate ideas later) The person who runs the whiteboard should push the all, group to terry fox help each other rephrase or best describe any idea that is currently being discussed. This is another critical facilitation skill.
Comfort is etho's face key : Creative thinking involves exploring non-obvious and about fox non-traditional ideas to find unexpected good ones. What Take! To find them you have to sort through many potential embarrassing, silly, goofy, or outrageous ideas. The catch is you canít separate the good ones from the fox, goofy ones until youíve brought them out in the open and talked them through. Tesco Aid Kit! The problem is that most people in the workplace are terrified of looking stupid in front of their peers or their superiors. Theyíll only take that risk if they have great trust in the forum, the people in the room, or their manager. There are no tricks in achieving this, or to remedy it. Much of it starts with the leaders and facilitators to prove that itís safe to have bad or goofy ideas, and rewarding others who are creatively courageous. However, if you have a group that isnít comfortable being creative in front of each other, make the group smaller. Start with 2 or 3 people, or just let people work alone, and fun facts give their lists of ideas directly to you.
Find the smallest nugget possible to start growing creative comfort on honey bees, your team, reward it (even the goofy and fun facts terry outrageous ideas), and then slowly integrate that kind of comfort into larger group/team activities. Establish the ground rules : This can help to establish comfort and first make the fun facts, time more useful. Mice And Men Set! Will the meeting be a free for all, where anyone can suggest things at any time? Should people raise their hands? Who will write things down and document the proceedings?
Is interrupting ok? Should people try to fun facts about terry fox interpret and expand on each otherís ideas before yelling out another one of their own? Do what you can to honey bees so important reward team play: brainstorming should be about communicating, not competing. Postpone criticism : This is the creativity killer. Evaluating ideas too much kills new ideas. It does.
Our minds shut down in a way if too much analysis goes on. Terry! A little bit is ok, but as soon as people start making implementation diagrams or talking about is winner take all object models, itís gone too far. Move on to the next idea. Keep it moving, and postpone evaluation till later. The only exception is questions people ask to help them understand and improve on the initial idea, or to take the idea in a different direction. Itís up to the facilitator to hold people to this, and to keep the meeting moving in fun facts about a positive creative direction. I never understood what a good brainstorming meeting felt like until I was in one.
It was very different from the others Iíd been in, and I suddenly understood what all those other teams and is of mice and men set managers else had been trying and failing to do. The best I can do to fun facts describe it in this essay is to what all offer you a sample play by play from about, a good brainstorming meeting. Assume these people all work on the same team, and tesco first have been given the problem of improving communication on the team. Bob is the fun facts, team manager; everyone else works on his team. Fred: ďWe could write better email. I donít think we often write clearlyÖ lots of long mails that never get read.Ē Sally: ďYeah, youíre rightĒ
Fred: ďHow about is winner all limiting email length?Ē Fred: ďYeah, you know. If you need more than X paragraphs, you should call a meeting or something.Ē Sally:Ē I donít know. About Terry Fox! That seems, well, limiting.Ē
Fred: ďOk, how about we just limit Bobís emails.Ē Everyone laughs louder, including Bob. Sally: ďWell, itís not length thatís the problem. Itís quality. I think we rush our way through things, and then wonder why it takes so long to get anything done. Honey Bees So Important! I donít know how you can get people as busy as we are to fun facts stop rushing.Ē
Bob: ďOk. Who do we think communicates well, or writes quality email around here, and what I can do to reward them, or encourage others to learn from them?Ē The room is silent. ďHold on, Iím not doing my job facilitating. Letís get this down.Ē Bob adds to take the list on the whiteboard, a bullet for each item: Write better email, shorter email, quality email, rewards for quality communication? Bob: ďOk. Good, good. Is there more here, or should we move on?Ē And so on.
Some discussion is fine, but the focus, as illustrated here, is on volume of ideas. Everyone contributes. Fun Facts About! Everyone is equal. Things move quickly and freely, but there is a hand that guides what happens. There is lots of laughing, positive energy, and seeding of about Bono: new thoughts. People are willing to fun facts terry consider what others say, and run with their ideas. When the discussion slows down and Real Process Improvements Records dies, it dies. Good facilitators can try games or exercises to get people going again, but often thereís more value in ending and coming back again later. Fun Facts! Ask people to drop by or email you if they come up with more ideas in is of the next few hours. Every creative person I know has a handful of tricks they use when doing idea generation.
Many of the terry, books Iíve seen with brainstorming in the title focus on these sorts of games and exercises, but Iíve found that you donít need to know very many of them (plus most of them are very similar). What is the opposite of what we want ? Get the group to describe, in detail, the opposite Bono: Day Transcendentalist of what you want to have happen. Whatís the worst web navigation design possible? This never fails to get people to smile, and dig in. Itís just so much fun to work the fun facts about, other way for once. The trick here is that before people know it, theyíre sharing ideas, being clever, and communicating well. At the peak of momentum, shift gears the other way. ďOk. We have a horrible design. How do we achieve the opposite of this?Ē Youíll be surprised at how original some of the ideas that follow will be. Random theme generators : (This works only for design related brainstorming) Before the meeting, make a big list of adjectives, colors, verbs, and attributes that might or might not apply to the project (20 or 30 of Essay about Bono: A Modern Day Transcendentalist each). Write them on index cards, but keep them in about fox stacks.
Shuffle each stack. Then pick one from honey, each, and try to design something for it. ďAgile blue focusedĒ. Fun Facts About Fox! What features would a car/website/software/sneaker with these attributes have? Or go through the list of is winner take adjectives and verbs and get the group to pick the fun facts terry fox, ones that are most interesting in relation to the problem at hand. Papernakís Design for the real world has a set of these, but other there are similar kits you can buy (Anyone know of other kits? This was the about Bono: A Modern, only one I could find. Let me know if you recommend others.) Rotate : Anyone, at any time, can call out ďrotateĒ and everyone in the room has to get up from where they are sitting, and about terry fox move to the chair to their left.
I have no evidence to prove it, but Iím convinced moving around physically helps people to move around mentally. Itís usually the why are so important, facilitator that calls this out when people get stuck, or the energy doesnít feel right. Bonus points for getting people to do the hokie pokie (a stupid childhood dance) or something silly that makes them laugh and let down their guard. Roadblock removal : Eliminate assumed constraints. Tell the group there is no limit on costs, or time, or other resources. They can think as big or expensive as their minds allow. Think of other constraints that the group is fun facts about fox assuming. Business? Political? Customer?
Take the what, biggest ones you can find and get rid of terry fox them. Removing a roadblock might free new directions of ideas that wouldnít have been considered otherwise. Roadblock introduction : Come up with some ridiculous new constraint to the problem. Essay! The goal isnít to make it harder, just to force peopleís creative muscles to work differently. Suggest that everyone that uses the product will be right handed, or that the website can only work in fun facts fox Arabic (or some other non-Western language). Make the what is winner all, problem as difficult as possible: pretend the budget for the project has to be $50 or less, or that instead of the 2 months to write specifications, there are only 2 days. Donít let people cop-out: push them to work with the problem. This can often shake people up into action, challenged by the insanity of the problem, and protected by terry, the feeling that since itís a ridiculous situation, there are no bad answers. Guaranteed they be stretched creatively, find new ways of thinking about the work, and will be relieved or energized to honey bees return to the real constraints.
If the goals of the project are around designing something: a website, a software program, a house: then brainstorming has to be fit in fun facts about terry fox around actual design work. What I mean is that brainstorming is a way to amplify and energize creative effort, but itís not the creative work itself. To design a website or an etho's face object model requires lots of time spent by smart people sitting alone in cubes or rooms fleshing out ideas. Discussions and conversations are important, but they can only frame the time spent alone working at problems: not replace it. Brainstorming plays an about important role of dividing up designers and engineerís time. Whenever Iíve led design intensive projects I relied on brainstorming sessions as the way to keep the project moving and to give designers and engineers clear assignments. After each brainstorming meeting everyone would have a task with a deliverable that would be presented at where is of mice set the next brainstorming meeting. The designer would go make rough sketches of the best or most interesting 3 or 4 new ideas we came up with. Fun Facts About! The programmers might have to go research some new component, or think about how we might be able to build something cheaply. Tesco! The PM would deal with investigate business, political, or organization issues that came up, and report back.
Every important question or task we identified would get assigned away, and provide fuel (and enhanced clarity) for the next session. As the project progressed, these meetings shifted naturally from raw brainstorming, into design discussions, which reflected the progress of the fun facts terry, project. Iíve worked on teams where during planning phases, weíd meet Monday, Wednesday, and Real Process ‚Äď Electronic Records Essay Friday to terry fox brainstorm, and work on tesco, those assignments in the time between meetings. If we had nothing, weíd cancel. Fox! The closer we got to writing specs the less frequent and more tactical the why are honey bees, meetings became, until it was clear we didnít need a formalized brainstorming process anymore.
If you get the about, basic rhythms down, brainstorming can be done in all kinds of situations. In can take place one-on-one, in small groups, or done for just 5 minutes as a small part of some other meeting. It can be used to Process Improvements ‚Äď Electronic Health Essay think through small issues, or to take on big strategic themes. Big formal brainstorming meetings can help insecure or unfamiliar teams to become more comfortable and skilled at working with ideas, but after awhile, the need for formalized brainstorming meeting often declines into a supporting role: Used often in the early parts of a project, or when the natural flow of ideas on a team slows down or becomes ineffective. Sometimes a brainstorming meeting can be used to retrain people in how to approach problem solving or creative thinking, Good group brainstorming sessions tend to come from people who have some experience exploring and developing ideas on their own, and are enjoy the experience of doing it with others. The teams that get the most out of brainstorming sessions are ones with good culture around ideas, where people feel safe expressing themselves and trust the people that they work with to try to find the best in what they say.
Some people have better instincts, more experience, or derive more please from the process of about doing it than others, but we can all do it. Our brains are built to problem solve, and there is no special creative gene that identifies some people as being entirely creative and Essay about Bono: A Modern others as not at all. Having taught design for years, Iím convinced that most people have a lousy judgement on how creative they are, or are not. Some people with fancy design degrees are incredibly not creative, happily and about terry fox pridefully copying and refining the basic ideas of others, while at the same time, some helpdesk phone specialists and why are so important IT managers are capable of interesting and clever new approaches to terry fox things. Good managers (and good designers) know this. Everyone should be encouraged to think, and be creative, even on their own time. Teams that do this cultivate stronger creative thinkers, and have more raw material to why are honey bees so important work with whenever brainstorming meetings are held. There are no pedigrees in thinking: and if you have a good command of the brainstorming process, and a team fluent in how to contribute to about fox it, you can bring outsiders in and have them contribute if they have the aptitude for it no matter what degrees or job titles they have. The only way to make use of the inevitable lists that come out of brainstorming meetings is to find a way to refine and honey bees so important narrow them.
It should be one personís job to fun facts terry drive this, though he or she should be allowed to involve other people in the process if they like. Take the big list, come up with a simple criteria for evaluating the ideas, and go through them. Get the number down to where set 3 or 5 or 10, and bring this list back to terry fox the next brainstorming discussion to use as the starting point. Ideas can be grouped together to capture the etho's face, main themes that were discussed. For example all of the ideas that involve improving performance is group A, all the ideas that involve improving changing the programming language used are group B, etc. Use whatever basic groupings make sense, and carefully choose how granular they are. 3 to 5 or so is about right. Defining criteria to evaluate ideas can be difficult. Best bet is to fun facts about terry fox rely on the goals of the overall project, or goals for is of your team, and apply them. If youíve chosen the right things to brainstorm about, there should be a decision you are facing or problem you need to fox solve that you hoped brainstorming would help you to Bono: Day Transcendentalist understand. If the brainstorming session didnít provide anything useful, it could be you need to fun facts terry refine the question or problem, and try again, or that brainstorming is the wrong forum for it.
It might be better to ask people to work on the problem on their own (which might be difficult if they have other responsibilities that you arenít willing or capable of why are honey bees so important eliminating) or consider brainstorming with a smaller more intimate group. With just 3 or 4 people you can run faster, change directions more easily and go deeper into problems that you can with 8 or 10. If you found this essay on brainstorming useful, you might enjoy how to run a design critique. In Defense of Brainstorming: my rebuttal to a recent article that claims brainstorming doesnít work. Creative Thinking Hacks: Video: an awesome 20 entertaining minutes jam packed with my best lessons on working with ideas. The Universal Travler, Don Koberg: This slim little gem of fun facts fox a book is my favorite general reference on brainstorming and creative thinking. Tons of tesco first aid kit ideas, explanations, concepts, and references to other books on a variety of creative and critical thinking topics. Terry! Originally written by architects, but written in the broadest possible way and applicable to any kind of work. Lateral thinking, Edward De Bono: All of De Bonoís work is is winner good (though a bit similiar). This is the book Iíve refered to most often in my career. It offers some philosophy on how people are creative, as well as exercises and games for developing it and applying it.
I donít think the word brainstorm is used in the entire book, but if youíre looking for terry fox more theory and deeper understanding of so important whatís going on when youíre coming up with good ideas, this is a good choice. Mining group gold, Thomas Kayser: This is fun facts terry fox a classic book on faclitating groups. If youíre looking to improve your faciltiation skills, start here. Focus is on exercises and where is of mice techniques for working with groups, but the tactics for doing it well comes through. A whack to the side of the head, Roger von Oech: Oech, like De Bono, tends to retread the about fox, same themes in about A Modern Day Transcendentalist many of his books. This is the only one of his that I made it all the way through (since it was the first one of his that I tried to read).
Thanks for sharing. I am a training manager manager in a training institute in Singapore. This essay is great. I am hoping to use some of the material in the development of etho's face a course titled ďInnovation -a short course for terry fox Supervisors and ManagersĒ. It will not be a ďcut and pasteĒ exercise, but a blending of your points and A Modern ideas into fun facts about terry fox a bigger piece. Of course, I will credit these ideas to you. Do I have your permission? I thought your article was very helpful and had many good points about brainstorming.
I have found to aid kit have a single topic. to terry fox brainstorm with your team works very well. We seem to do better with a more focused point to work with. Thank you for the information I will use it. Very helpful! Thanks so much! Invaluable post. Love it. Instant classic. Thanks!
very good Ė lots of original ideas to enhance the creative process. I will be trying it soon Ė wish me luck! Very nice piece. I hadnít read your stuff before and was just referred to it. Etho's Face! Look forward to reading more. Jon Petz, Motivational Speaker and Corproate Magician.
Author: Boring Meetings Suck. I hadnít read your stuff before and fun facts terry fox was just referred to it. Etho's Face! Enjoyed the post and look forward to about terry fox reading more. Keynote Speaker and Corporate Magician. Author: Boring Meetings Suck. Thereís alot of great information here. I was impressed with the way you presented it. Aid Kit! Itís going to be very helpful for me. Brainstorming is great for about more creative ideas.
When people share knowledge together they tend to Essay Bono: Day Transcendentalist come up with better answers for problems. Your Article is very fantastic. It is very useful to me. Thank you very much. Great work! Helpful Indeed. Uh, actually, writers do workshops all the time to refine their ideas.
And musicians JAM. Social collaboration is a great way to get the terry fox, creative juices flowing in Real World Process Improvements Health Records pretty much all contexts. Can i use your materials for my traninigs,? Ghulam Mustafa Siddiqi. CID Snr. Officer. SCA Kabul Afghanistan.
I have just ran into your website while I was looking for terry post it brainstorming . If all your posts are as good as this one, you are the etho's face, guy to read! The brainstorming is very important, i learn a lot about team . About Terry Fox! Now itís more easy for so important me meet with my group. This article is excellent! It made quite a positive impact on me! I plan to implement these suggestions into my team meetings!
I love the about terry, sarcastic, negative end of the spectrum, to humorously ďjoltĒ their brains. Where! I would love to ask everyone to get up and move to about fox the chair on the left. Ha ha! Love it! very helpful, lots of great ideas. This is great, the facility I work in has a Department Head meeting each morning, and we all take turns talking about what is going on what is winner take, in our dept and fun facts terry take any suggestions from the rest.
I also have a meeting with my auxillary volunteer department every 3 months to ďBrainstormĒ one monthly event for our residents for each of the following 3 months. Its great to why are bees get new ideas and help at the same time. I also like to hear fresh new ideas, I think we all get a little stale in our thinking sometimes. Good points. Preparing (by all members!) to terry fox the meeting, having goals set upfront etc. is the key, which is is winner all often omitted and meeting are unproductive. Fun Facts! Thatís why I critiqued (http://zawadzinski.com/2012/12/30/why-brainstorming-meetings-doesnt-work/) them, as there is tesco first aid kit a lot of cases where a meeting leads to losing time, with no real added value by getting together. Great article scott!
I brought cookies to our brainstorm meeting today and scored MAJOR points! Amazing how weíre all still 8 year olds in about fox some ways. yes..helpful and had many good ideas about brainstorming. Amazing essay, lots of great info and very motivating too! Thank you! Very helpful post. Nice to see Rolestorming referenced in another article. I designed the tool to combat nagging issues with brainstorming. By ROLE-playing and brain-STORMING people get past the fear of ridicule and self-consciousness that ruins many brainstorming sessions. With Rolestorming the brain makes new and surprising connections when using another role to where create ideas.
Rick Griggs. Dear Scott Berken, Iíve suffered many times from writerís block when it came to writing blog articles. Fun Facts Fox! So as a way to improve myself as a writer, I ironically wrote a post that addressed methods for dealing with writerís block. I just wanted to ask what your favorite is your favorite method for dealing with writerís block?
I love those brainstorming ideas of yours. Wonderful tips to apply when ideas are running low. Really helpful. Brainstorming is crucial for any company looking to Essay A Modern progress. I agree that any type of group can benefit from brainstorming sessions, and about fox I love the tips you provide for making the sessions effective and valuable.
Encouraging a team oriented atmosphere is so important. I can appreciate your recommendation to stray away from criticism. I would also like to add that giving each member of the session an actionable tip to take away and work with can be helpful for moving any solid ideas forward into the workplace. Thanks again for what is winner sharing! I really like your advice to utilize the whiteboard. Fun Facts About Terry! I think that a lot of Essay A Modern Day Transcendentalist people donít realize the kind of difference it makes to use things to put lists and things like that.
Do you have any other tips about purchasing a whiteboard? Brainstorming meetings are very important for any business to improve their productivity. I have gone through each and every points of this article and really very informative. Fun Facts About! Thanks a lot and keep it up. [Ö] Scott Berkun: How to run a Brainstorming Meeting Fast Company: Seven Secrets to Good Brainstorming Brainstorming: Not for [Ö] [Ö] How to why are honey bees Run a Brainstorming Meeting | Uncategorized | [Ö] [Ö] How to fun facts terry fox run a brainstorming meeting.
Iíve run a crazy number of brainstorming meetings in my life and made every mistake there is. This essay is my tip sheet for running them right. [Ö] [Ö] How to run a brainstorming meeting (Scott Berkun) Article on the art of brainstorming. The tips (or thoughts) are a good summary of the do and is winner take doníts for a high quality setting. (tags: brainstorm creativity tips tools) [Ö] [Ö] just read Scott Berkunís excellent article ďHow to run a brainstorming meetingĒ that should be required reading for fun facts brainstorming facilitators. The article is Real Process Improvements ‚Äď Electronic Records Essay geared toward work [Ö] [Ö] Brainstorm ways to change your product to satisfy that need. Keep the group of people involved small, make it fun, and do it in fun facts terry an afternoon. [Ö] [Ö] scottberkun.com Ľ #34 Ė How to run a brainstorming meeting [Ö] [Ö] How to Run a Brainstorming Meeting: Scott Berkun is a best selling author and offers his advice on brainstorming. Learn the [Ö] [Ö] with two phases/meetings/planning sessions. Mice Set! The first is a true brainstorming session while the second is dedicated to about picking out what take, which ideas should move forward to [Ö] [Ö] to keep that moving without capital investment, ask for feedback. Creative juice meetings designed for feedback on current projects or upcoming projects will help your staff to feel like [Ö] [Ö] that description, his blog ranges through myriad topicsĖsome that are more business-oriented (ďHow to fun facts about Run a Brainstorming MeetingĒ) to others completely unrelated to mice business (ďHow to Pick a [Ö] [Ö] TweetHow to run a brainstorming meeting | Scott Berkun [Ö] [Ö] ideas until one sticks. This method allows you to focus on a single idea and collaborate so that everybody can combine their best ideas. Hereís a fun fact: Pixar workers came up with the ideas for most of their movies during a [Ö] [Ö] #34 Ė How to run a brainstorming meeting [Ö] [Ö] your team and fun facts fox listen to everything that may seem to be crazy or impossible.
Scott Berkun advices to postpone criticism as it is a creativity killer. That is why better to gather as many information as possible and then judge them in terms of [Ö] Scott Berkun is the Real Process ‚Äď Electronic Health Records, author of five popular books on creativity, leadership, philosophy and speaking. You can hire him to speak, ask him a question or follow him on Twitter and Facebook. Subscribe for free chapters of his bestselling books. Sign up now to get free chapters from all of fun facts about his bestselling books, plus monthly news of his best new posts.
The Year Without Pants: WordPress.com #038; the Future of Work. ďIf you want to think differently about is winner all entrepreneurship, management, or life in fun facts about general, read this book.Ē ó Tim Ferriss. Mindfire: Big Ideas for Curious Minds. ďThe ideas contained in the essays are persuasive and itís a fun, well focused read. Ē ó Simon Moore. Making Things Happen: Mastering Project Management. ďHighly recommended for CEOs, project managers, and tesco hackers alike.Ē ó Matt Mullenweg, Founder WordPress.org.
ďBerkun sets us free to try and fun facts about fox change the is of, world.Ē ó Guy Kawasaki. ďBerkun tells it like it isÖ youíll gain insights to take your skills to the next level.Ē ó Tony Hsieh, CEO Zappos.com. Scott Berkun is the author of six popular books on creativity, leadership, philosophy and speaking. These organizations have written about his work or invited him to speak to them:
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case study pneumonia Department of Pediatrics, University of Hawaii John A. Burns School of Medicine. Chapter VI.11. Pulmonary Infections. Return to about terry Table of Essay A Modern Contents. A previously healthy 4 year old boy is brought to an urgent care center by his mother for difficulty breathing for one day. Three days prior he had developed a runny nose, cough, and low grade fevers with a temperature maximum of 101 degrees F (38.3 degrees C).
He continued to about fox take liquids well, but his solid intake has decreased. His temperature this morning was 103 degrees F (39.4 degrees C) and he was breathing fast and working hard to breathe. He does not have any ill contacts. He has never been hospitalized or had any surgeries. He was born at term without any complications. He is Bono: A Modern not taking medications other than acetaminophen. His immunizations are up to date for his age (except he had not received the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine). His parents and 10 year old sister are healthy and the remainder of his family history is non-contributory. There are no smokers in the household, and fun facts terry fox he has not traveled recently. He does not have a history of choking or vomiting.
He has not had frequent ear or skin infections. Real Process ¬Äď Electronic! He does not have a history of foul-smelling stools. Exam: VS T 40 degrees C (104 degrees F), P 130, RR 40, BP 100/70, oxygen saturation 87% in room air. His height and weight are in fox, the 50th percentile for his age. He is awake and alert, in moderate distress. His conjunctiva and TMs are normal. His nasal mucosa is erythematous with yellowish discharge.
His lips and mucous membranes are dry. His neck is supple, with several small anterior cervical lymph nodes. Lungs: Moderate subcostal, intercostal, and supraclavicular retractions, symmetric expansion, dullness to percussion at the right base, increased vocal fremitus over the right base, decreased air entry over right lower lobe with crackles, no wheezes. Heart: Tachycardia, regular rhythm without murmur. About A Modern! Pulses are 2+, and capillary refill time is 3 seconds.
His abdomen, skin, and neurological examinations are unremarkable. CBC WBC 20,000, 70% segs, 11% bands, 15% lymphs, 3% monos, 1% eos. Hemoglobin 12.4, platelet count 280,000. Chest x-ray (CXR): Right lower lobe opacity consistent with a round pneumonia (technically air/space disease, commonly called infiltrates by most physicians). Because of the about fox, hypoxia, he is tesco first given supplemental oxygen (with subsequent improvement in oxygen saturation), as hospitalization arrangements are made. Fox! A 20 cc/kg infusion of normal saline was given through an intravenous (IV) line and then maintenance fluids are started. A blood culture is obtained and he is started on IV cefuroxime. He improves over why are honey the next day. His respiratory distress slowly resolves and he is weaned off supplemental oxygen over the next two days.
His blood culture shows no growth. About Terry! He is discharged home on high dose amoxicillin for a total of about Day Transcendentalist 10 days of therapy. His discharge diagnosis is probably pneumococcal pneumonia. Acute childhood respiratory infections cause significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. Mortality is high in developing countries with up to one-third of deaths in children less than 5 years caused by acute respiratory infections (ARI) (1). The disparity in mortality is due to the severity of terry fox infection (perhaps due to differences in nutrition, overall health, immunization practices, and medical care availability) since the tesco aid kit, incidence of acute respiratory infections is similar between developed and fun facts fox developing countries with infants experiencing about 4-8 episodes per year (1).
In the US, mortality from ARIs has declined since 1968 (1,2). There are 2 basic classification systems used for acute respiratory tract infections: the case-management classification system used by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the traditional clinical classification system (1). The case management system divides ARIs by symptoms (i.e., stridor, wheezing, and no wheezing) and their severity (i.e., mild, moderate, severe, and very severe). The traditional system classifies ARIs by take, upper respiratory tract infections (e.g., acute otitis media, pharyngitis), middle respiratory tract infections (e.g., croup and epiglottitis), and lower respiratory tract infections (e.g., bronchiolitis, bronchitis, pneumonia). Therefore, studies evaluating ARIs are not uniform and use different definitions from clinical findings alone to clinical findings in about terry fox, combination with other various ancillary tests (e.g., chest radiography). Of the acute respiratory infections, pneumonia has the highest mortality rate accounting for etho's face, approximately 70% of the worldwide 4.5 million deaths from acute respiratory infections (4).
Although mortality from fox, pneumonia in first aid kit, children in the United States has declined by 97% between 1939 and 1996 (5), pneumonia continues to be a leading cause of morbidity in children. The risk of acquiring pneumonia is highest in fun facts fox, children less than 5 years of age (1). The etiology of pneumonia varies and depends on: the age of the child, where the pneumonia was acquired (i.e., community vs. nosocomial), local epidemiology (e.g., influenza epidemics), host factors (e.g., immunologic status, recent or intercurrent antibiotic use, vaccination, and bees overall health status of the child), and terry fox environmental factors (e.g., travel, season of the year, daycare, or crowded living conditions) (4,6-9). Determination of the precise etiology of pneumonia often requires invasive testing (e.g., lung biopsy), and therefore, this is done infrequently. Rather the etiology of pneumonia is usually based on generalizations in the relevant clinical setting.
In the neonatal period, the most common cause of bacterial pneumonia is group B beta-hemolytic streptococci (GBS) and etho's face gram negative enteric bacilli (e.g., E.coli), the same organisms associated with neonatal sepsis (4). In infants and children outside of the neonatal period, viruses are the most common cause of pneumonia (4,6,10-11) and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is one of the most common causes in infancy, especially in premature infants (9,12). Of the bacterial pathogens, Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) occurs most frequently (6,9,11,13); however, the studies isolating S. pneumoniae were performed prior to the licensure of the fun facts about, pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (6). Outcome analysis of the 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine demonstrated that up to 33% of chest radiograph confirmed pneumonia were prevented in and men set, immunized patients compared to about fox those who were not immunized (14). Therefore, a different bacterial pathogen may supersede S. pneumoniae as the etho's face, most common cause of bacterial pneumonia in the coming years. Other organisms to consider are Chlamydia trachomatis in infants 3-19 months of age (4) and Mycoplasma and Chlamydia pneumoniae in children and adolescents (8-9,11-12). Fun Facts About Fox! In special cases, for example, patients with neuromuscular impairment and where and men set impaired swallowing, aspiration pneumonia with anaerobic bacteria should be considered (15). The etiology of pneumonia varies in other conditions including immunosuppressed patients, nosocomial infections, cystic fibrosis patients, and anatomic airway anomalies (e.g., tracheostomies). In addition, the fun facts about terry, etiology of pneumonia is complicated since mixed infections (e.g., viral-bacterial) can occur in 16-34% of patients (7,11,13). The lower respiratory tract in Real Process Improvements Health, healthy persons is sterile (16).
Bacteria access the fun facts fox, respiratory tract by inhalation, microaspiration, or by hematogenous spread. If bacteria gain access to alveoli, host immunologic systems begin to work on eliminating bacteria. There are 2 major mechanisms by which lung defenses work to keep the airways sterile: physical defenses (i.e., mucociliary clearance and lymphatic drainage) and mechanisms that destroy bacteria (i.e., opsonization, specific immunoglobulin G antibody (IgG), alveolar macrophage ingestion, or complement mediated bacterial lysis) (17). If these mechanisms fail, polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) are recruited with a resultant inflammatory response. Perpetuation of this inflammatory response leads to pneumonia. There are 4 major histologic steps seen in pneumococcal pneumonia described by Tuomanen, et al (18): engorgement, red hepatization, grey hepatization, and resolution. Engorgement is associated with presence of bacteria in the alveoli and an associated serous exudate.
This then progresses to red hepatization secondary to World Process ‚Äď Electronic Records leakage of erythrocytes into the alveoli. The next phase, grey hepatization, results from leukocyte migration to the affected area with intravascular fibrin deposition disrupting perfusion to the area. The final phase results in resolution, with phagocytosis of pneumococci and clearance of fibrin and other debris. Outside of the neonatal period, pneumonia is suspected in terry, patients with clinical signs and symptoms suggestive of impairment of the lower respiratory tract. Distinguishing bacterial from other causes of pneumonia cannot be accomplished by clinical findings alone (7). Symptoms of pneumonia are nonspecific and include: fever, ill appearance, cough, fatigue, decreased appetite and sometimes, abdominal pain. Signs of lower respiratory tract involvement include: tachypnea (greater than 50 breaths/minute in children less than 12 months, and greater than 40 breaths/minute for older children) (4), cyanosis, increased work of breathing (i.e., use of accessory muscles, grunting), pleuritic pain, and abnormal auscultatory findings. And Men! These signs do not differentiate a viral from bacterial process. About Terry Fox! A chest radiograph is used to verify the Real Records Essay, clinical suspicion of pneumonia and characterize the disease process, but may not be performed on every patient. Viral respiratory tract infections are often associated with hyperinflation, perihilar peribronchial infiltrates, segmental or lobar atelectasis, and hilar adenopathy (19). Lobar consolidation and fun facts fluffy alveolar infiltrates with air bronchograms are more characteristic of etho's face bacterial infection (13).
However, there is fox overlap between these two groups (13). Etho's Face! Computed tomography and ultrasound of the chest are used in special circumstances (e.g., evaluate for pleural effusion, adenopathy, improved imaging of lung architecture) but these are not routinely obtained (4). Commonly used screening laboratory tests such as white blood cell count with differential, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and fun facts terry fox the C-reactive protein (CRP) are not accurate in differentiating between bacterial, viral, mixed, or idiopathic causes of childhood pneumonia (7). Determination of precise etiology of pneumonia is etho's face difficult due to the lack of sensitive and specific tests. Fox! Many clinicians treat pneumonia empirically with minimal laboratory or radiographic evaluation and thus up to 80% of non-bacterial pneumonia may be treated with antibiotics (6).
This approach is satisfactory when clinical risk is deemed to Real World Improvements ‚Äď Electronic be low. When a more precise diagnosis is required, more invasive techniques are required. Fun Facts About! Bacteria found in the blood, pleural fluid (thoracentesis), or lung tissue is considered diagnostic in a patient presumed to have pneumonia (4). Take! Blood cultures are only positive in 1-8% of pneumonia (11) but continue to be recommended (4). Fun Facts Terry Fox! Some question the necessity of blood culture after cost-based analyses (6, 11).
Transthoracic needle aspirates, transtracheal aspirates, and open lung biopsy (the gold standard for diagnosis) are rarely performed due to etho's face the risk involved for fun facts about, these procedures (11,20), except in severe cases or in about Day Transcendentalist, immunocompromised hosts (4). Sputum is often contaminated with organisms unrelated to the specific etiology (16) and about fox is difficult to obtain in etho's face, children less than 8 years old (4). A sputum sample that may be helpful is characterized by fun facts, many polymorphonuclear cells and a bacteria of single morphology on about Bono: Day Transcendentalist gram stain (4). Bronchoalveolar lavage from bronchoscopy is difficult to interpret as well. The results are non-specific (i.e., higher neutrophil counts than lymphocyte counts in patients with infection) and terry fox the organism found may or may not be the tesco first aid kit, etiologic agent (16). Bacterial serology and bacterial antigen testing are often difficult to fun facts interpret (4,6). Bacterial cultures of the nasopharynx or throat correlate poorly with lung tissue cultures and etho's face are not helpful in establishing a diagnosis (16). Specific viral antigen testing, along with cultures for suspected pathogens, serologies for Mycoplasma and Chlamydia, and PPD skin testing for fun facts terry fox, tuberculosis may be helpful (6). Pneumonia is about Bono: treated with antimicrobials when the clinical suspicion for bacterial etiology is high. Greater pneumonia severity and findings that are consistent with bacterial pneumonia (e.g., lobar consolidation, leukocytosis, high fever) are more likely to warrant antimicrobial treatment.
Young infants, unreliable parents, poor access to medical care, and more severe infections often require hospitalization. About! Treatment of pneumonia is often empirically based and thus, information on antibiotic resistance patterns and mechanisms of resistance is is of important to determine the most appropriate treatment. For S. pneumoniae, the fox, most common mechanism of resistance to penicillins is where is of and men alteration of fun facts penicillin-binding sites that can be overcome with higher doses of the drug (6). For macrolides, alteration to the 50S ribosomal binding site of the macrolide inhibits binding of the antibiotic and so important thus, prevents protein synthesis inhibition (6). In addition, there is also an increase in efflux pumps for about terry fox, macrolides and honey so important this property can be overcome by using macrolides that achieve high tissue concentrations at fun facts about fox, the site of infection (e.g. azithromycin) (6). Penicillin resistant pneumococci are often resistant to tesco multiple drugs including macrolides and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (21).
Therefore, high-dose amoxicillin and/or azithromycin are recommended for empiric treatment of community-acquired pneumonia in children (6,8-9,11-12,20). Fun Facts! Some clinicians will use clinical factors and ancillary tests in aggregate such as age, exposures, CXR pattern, fever, and leukocytosis, to stratify the Bono: A Modern Day Transcendentalist, risk to favor pneumococcus (high dose amoxicillin would be better) or Mycoplasma/Chlamydia (macrolide would be better). Fun Facts Terry! For those children requiring hospitalization, a second or third generation cephalosporin, occasionally in combination with a macrolide, is generally recommended (8,20). Most treatment regimens are continued for a total of 7-14 days although this is based on little evidence (4). Pneumonia due to Staphylococcus aureus is uncommon, but particularly severe. S. aureus pneumonia usually results from inhalation of organisms, but it may also occur in patients with a cutaneous source (e.g., impetigo, boils, abscesses) with hematogenous spread or staphylococcal bacteremia from another source (e.g. What Take! osteomyelitis, central line infection). If S. aureus pneumonia is suspected, vancomycin should be started empirically. Culture and fun facts sensitivity data permits changing to an alternate antibiotic later.
Pleural effusion (empyema), pneumothorax, and pneumatoceles often complicate S. aureus pneumonia. Pleural effusions can be classified in tesco, several ways. They can be a transudate or an exudate based on their protein content. A subpulmonic effusion versus an empyema is fun facts about more clinically relevant. The former implies a transudate which is usually sterile, while the term empyema is usually used to describe pus (purulent exudate) with a positive gram stain and tesco aid kit culture. The overall outcome in children with pneumonia is excellent. The majority of fun facts children will recover without complications (11). Follow up chest radiographs are not required routinely, but should be performed for patients with complicated pneumonia, persistent respiratory problems, pleural involvement, and neonates (4,22).
About 80% of infiltrates on CXR will resolve by 3-4 weeks and the remainder will usually resolve by 3 months (22). Recurrent pneumonia with radiologic clearance between episodes requires further evaluation (e.g., immunodeficiencies, gastroesophageal reflux, pulmonary anomalies, etc.) (4). Bronchiolitis is the all, leading cause of hospitalization for respiratory tract infections in young children (4,23-25). Terry Fox! Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the primary cause of bronchiolitis, but parainfluenza virus, human metapneumovirus, and adenovirus may also cause bronchiolitis (23-24). In the United States, the majority of RSV infections occur during the months of November to March (4,23). RSV infections account for a significant amount of morbidity and health care expense in the young age group (24). RSV is transmitted by direct contact with large droplets or fomites. World Process Improvements Health Essay! Transmission can be limited by good handwashing (23). About Terry Fox! RSV bronchiolitis results from the spread of RSV to the lower respiratory tract after an incubation period 2-8 days where the virus undergoes replication in about A Modern Day Transcendentalist, the nasopharynx (23).
The infection results in infiltration of the terry fox, respiratory epithelium with resultant inflammation and necrosis, sloughing of the epithelium and increased mucus production causing airflow limitation in the small airways leading to the hallmarks of the disease (23). Thus, affected infants have signs of why are honey airflow limitation including hyperinflation, atelectasis, and wheezing. The diagnosis is often made on clinical grounds during the fun facts fox, RSV season. Diagnostic testing can be done by immunofluorescence and enzyme-linked immunoabsorbent assay (ELISA) tests if the diagnosis is unclear. Is Of And Men Set! Therapy is often supportive which may include: supplemental oxygen, fluids, and upright positioning. Aerosolized ribavirin is the only known proven therapy for RSV infection, but its expense, potential toxicity, difficulty of administration, and lack of conclusive evidence for its efficacy (24,26) limit its use. The use of bronchodilators and corticosteroids are controversial and may only be mildly effective at best (i.e., not been proven to be highly efficacious) (24-26).
For those with moderate to severe disease, helium-oxygen mixtures or nasal continuous positive airway pressure may be beneficial in improving gas-exchange and symptomatology (27-30). Montelukast, a leukotriene antagonist, has recently been reported to make a difference in future wheezing episodes (31). Prophylaxis with palivizumab (RSV monoclonal antibody) or RSV-IVIG is given to fun facts fox select pediatric populations recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics during RSV season to reduce RSV infection risk (32). Growing premature infants and infants with congenital heart disease and other chronic lung conditions are at increased risk for RSV pneumonia, apnea and respiratory failure. Healthy term infants with RSV usually develop mild bronchiolitis. Where Is Of Mice! Older children, teens and adults with RSV will usually have cold symptoms.
Bronchiolitis is usually a self limited disease and complete resolution takes about 4-8 weeks. In neonates and young infants, bronchiolitis may present with apnea and about minimal respiratory symptoms, but the apnea is usually short-lived (33). Improvements ¬Äď Electronic Records! Although bronchiolitis self-resolves, patients with RSV bronchiolitis may be predisposed to future episodes of wheezing (34). RSV infection can recur since there is an incomplete and poorly sustained immune response (23). In summary, bronchiolitis and pneumonia significantly impact the pediatric population. Determining likely etiologies of pneumonia and understanding effective treatment modalities will improve patient outcomes. Acknowledgments: I would like to terry fox thank Edward Fong, MD, Leslie Barton, MD and John Mark, MD for where mice and men, their critical review of the chapter. 1. Which of the following is the most common cause of pneumonia outside of the terry, neonatal period? 2. Bees So Important! S. pneumonia resistance to penicillins is fun facts terry due to: . . . . . Tesco! a. Production of beta-lactamase.
. . . Terry! . . Essay About Bono: A Modern! b. Alteration of penicillin binding proteins. . . . . . c. Increased efflux pumps. . . . . . d. Low tissue bioavailability. 3. True/False: Nasopharyngeal and fun facts terry throat cultures are useful in determining etiology of bacterial pneumonia. 4. True/False: Lobar consolidation on chest x-ray provides conclusive evidence for bacterial pneumonia. 5. Which factor does not appear to ‚Äď Electronic Records Essay affect the etiology of pneumonia?
. . . . . Fun Facts Terry! b. Vaccination status. . . . . Bees! . Fun Facts About Fox! c. Current antibiotic use. 6. The most common cause of bronchiolitis is: . . Why Are So Important! . . . a. Respiratory syncytial virus. . . . . . b. Human Metapneumovirus. 7. True/False: Bronchiolitis may initially present with apnea and minimal respiratory symptoms. 8. Treatment of bronchiolitis should include all of the following except: a. Supplemental oxygen for infants with hypoxia. b. Intravenous fluids and close monitoring of nutritional status. c. Good handwashing. d. Antibiotics. 9. True/False: Corticosteroids and bronchodilators are highly efficacious therapies for RSV bronchiolitis. Pneumonia case presenting with abdominal pain: Yamamoto LG. Abdominal Pain with a Negative Abdominal Examination. In: Yamamoto LG, Inaba AS, DiMauro R (eds).
Radiology Cases In Pediatric Emergency Medicine, 1994, volume 1, case 3. Available online at: www.hawaii.edu/medicine/pediatrics/pemxray/v1c03.html. Staph pneumonia case: Yamamoto LG, Young LL. Tachypnea and Abdominal Pain. Fun Facts Terry Fox! In: Yamamoto LG, Inaba AS, DiMauro R (eds). Radiology Cases In Pediatric Emergency Medicine, 1995, volume 2, case 5. Available online at: www.hawaii.edu/medicine/pediatrics/pemxray/v2c05.html. Series of pediatric chest radiographs: Yamamoto LG. Test Your Skill In Reading Pediatric Chest Radiographs. In: Yamamoto LG, Inaba AS, DiMauro R (eds). Radiology Cases In Pediatric Emergency Medicine, 1995, volume 3, case 20. Available online at: www.hawaii.edu/medicine/pediatrics/pemxray/v3c20.html.
Another series of pediatric chest radiographs: Yamamoto LG. Test Your Skill In Reading Pediatric Chest Radiographs. In: Yamamoto LG, Inaba AS, DiMauro R (eds). Essay A Modern Day Transcendentalist! Radiology Cases In Pediatric Emergency Medicine, 1996, volume 4, case 5. Available online at: www.hawaii.edu/medicine/pediatrics/pemxray/v4c05.html. 1. Fox! Graham NMH. The Epidemiology of first Acute Respiratory Infection in Children and terry fox Adults: A Global Perspective.
Epidemiol Rev 1990;12:149-178. 2. National Center for is winner all, Health Statistics. National Vital Statistics report (www.cdc.gov) 2001;49(1):14. 3. Dixon RE. Economic Costs of Respiratory Tract Infections in the United States. Am J Med 1985;78(6B): 45-51.
4. Miller MA, Ben-Ami T, Daum RS. Chapter 39-Bacterial Pneumonia in about fox, Neonates and Older Children. In: Taussig LM, Landau LI (eds). Pediatric Respiratory Medicine, first edition. Is Of Mice And Men! 1999, St. Louis: Mosby, pp. 595-664. 5. Dowell SF, Kupronis BA, Zell ER, Shay DK. Mortality From Pneumonia in Children in fun facts terry fox, the United States, 1939 Through 1996. N Engl J Med 2000;342(19):1399-1407.
6. Bradley JS. Management of Community-Acquired Pediatric Pneumonia in World Improvements ‚Äď Electronic Health Records, an Era of Increasing Antibiotic Resistance and Conjugate Vaccines. Fun Facts Fox! Pediatr Infect Dis J 2002;21(6):592-598. 7. Nohynek H, Valkeila E, Leinonen M, Eskola J. Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate, White Blood Cell Count and Serum C-reactive Protein in Assessing Etiologic Diagnosis of Acute Lower Respiratory Infections in where mice and men, Children. Pediatr Infect Dis J 1995;14(6): 484-490.
8. Nelson J. Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Children: Guidelines for Treatment. Fun Facts Terry Fox! Pediatr Infect Dis J 2000;19(3):251-253. 9. Essay About! Heiskanen-Kosma T, Korppi MN, Jokinen C, et al. Etiology of Childhood Pneumonia: Serologic Results of a Prospective, Population-Based Study. Pediatr Infect Dis J 1998;17(11):986-991. 10. McIntosh K. Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Children. N Engl J Med 2002;346(6);429-437. 11. Ruuskanen O, Mertsolon J. Fun Facts! Childhood Community-Acquired Pneumonia.
Sem Resp Infect 1999;14(2):163-172. 12. McCraken, GH Jr. Etiology and Treatment of Pneumonia. Pediatr Infect Dis J 2000;19(4):373-377. 13. Korppi M, Kiekara O, Heiskanen-Kosma T, Soimakallio S. Comparison of Essay about Bono: Day Transcendentalist Radiological Findings and Microbial Aetiology of Childhood Pneumonia. Acta Paediatr 1993;82: 360-363. 14.
Overturf GD, Committee on about terry Infectious Diseases, American Academy of Pediatrics. Technical Report: Prevention of Pneumococcal Infections, Including the Use of first Pneumococcal Conjugate and Polysaccharide Vaccines and Antibiotic Prophylaxis. About! Pediatrics 2000;106(2):367-376. 15. Brook I, Finegold SM. Bacteriology of Aspiration Pneumonia in Children. Pediatrics 1980;65(6):1115-1120. 16.
Laurenzi GA, Potter RT, Kass EH. Bacteriologic Flora of the Lower Respiratory Tract. N Engl J Med 1961;265:1271-1278. 17. Green GM, Kass EH.
The Role of the Alveolar Macrophage in the Clearance of Bacteria from the Lung. J Exp Med 1964;119:167-175. 18. Tuomanen EI, Austrian R, Masure HR. What Take! Pathogenesis of Pneumococcal Infection. N Engl J Med 1995(19);332:1280-1284. 19. Wildin SR, Chonmaitree T, Swischuk LE.
Roentgenographic Features of Common Pediatric Viral Respiratory Tract Infections. Am J Dis Child 1988;142:43-46. 20. Hart CA, Duerden BI. Fun Facts About! Respiratory Infections. J Med Microbiol 2002;51:903-914. 21. Whitney CG, Farley MM, Hadler J, et al.
Increasing Prevalence of Multidrug-Resistant Streptococcus Pneumoniae in tesco first, the United States. N Engl J Med 2000;343(26):1917-1924. 22. Grossman LK, Wald ER, Nair P, Papiez J. Roentgenographic Follow-Up of Acute Pneumonia in Children. Pediatrics 1979(1);63:30-31. 23. Hall CB.
Respiratory Syncytial Virus and Parainfluenza virus. N Engl J Med 2001;344(25):1917-1928. 24. Greenough A. Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection: Clinical Features, Management, and fox Prophylaxis. Curr Opin in Pulm Med 2002;8:214-217. 25. Jartti T, van den Hoogen B, Garofalo RP, et al.
Metapneumovirus and Acute Wheezing in Children. Lancet 2002;360:1393-1394. 26. Patel H, Platt RW, Pekeles GS, Ducharme FM. A Randomized Controlled Trial of the Effectiveness of Nebulized Therapy with Epinephrine Compared with Albuterol and Saline in Infants Hospitalized for Acute Viral Bronchiolitis. J Pediatr 2002(6);141:818-824.
27. Why Are Bees! Hollman G, Shen G, Zeng L, et al. Helium-Oxygen Improves Clinical Asthma Scores in Children with Acute Bronchiolitis. Crit Care Med 1998;26(10):1731-1736. 28. Martinon-Torres F, Rodriguez-Nunez A, Martinon-Sanchez JM. Heliox Therapy in Infants with Acute Bronchiolitis. About! Pediatrics 2002(1);109:68-73.
29. Beasley JM, Jones SEF. Continuous Positive Airway Pressure in Bronchiolitis. British Medical Journal 1981;283:1506-1508. 30.
Soong W, Hwang B, Tang R. Continuous Positive Airway Pressure by Nasal Prongs in Bronchiolitis. Pediatr Pulmonol 1993;16:163-166. 31. Bisgaard H for the Study Group on Montelukast and Respiratory Syncytial Virus. A Randomized Trial of Montelukast in Respiratory Syncytial Virus Postbronchiolitis. Etho's Face! Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2003;167:379-383. 32. Halsey NA, Abramson JS, Chesney PJ, et al.
American Academy of about terry fox Pediatrics: Prevention of Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections: Indications for the Use of Palivizumab and Real Process ‚Äď Electronic Health Records Update on the Use of RSV-IGIV. Pediatrics 1998;102(5):1211-1216. 33. Bruhn FW, Mokrohisky ST, McIntosh K. About! Apnea Associated with Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection in Young Infants. J Pediatr 1977;90:382-386.
34. Sigurs N, Bjarnason R, Sigurbergsson F, Kjellman B. Respiratory Syncytial Virus Bronchiolitis in Infancy is an where is of and men set, Important Risk Factor for fun facts terry, Asthma and Allergy at Age 7. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2000;161:1501-1507. Answers to questions. 1.c. So Important! Overall, viruses cause the majority of pneumonias in children; however, the incidence of viral pneumonia decreases with age, becoming less common in older children and adolescents.
4.False. Lobar pneumonias are more likely to be of bacterial etiology, but this is not definitive since some lobar pneumonias will still be viral.
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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. If you're reading this article, I assume you're an IB Student, who is getting ready to write their Extended Essay. If you're looking at this as a potential future IB student, I recommend reading our other introductory IB articles first: What is the International Baccalaureate (IB) Program? and What is the IB Curriculum? What are IB Diploma Requirements?. IB students around the globe fear writing the Extended Essay. In this articles, I'll try to get you excited about writing your Extended Essay and provide you with the resources to terry get an A. I'm a recipient of an what is winner take all, IB Diploma, and about terry I happened to receive an why are honey, A on my IB Extended Essay. Fox! If you donít believe me, the proof is in the IBO pudding, If you're confused by what this report means, EE is short for Essay Day Transcendentalist Extended Essay, and about fox English A1 is the why are bees subject that my Extended Essay topic coordinated with.
In laymanís terms, my IB Diploma was graded during May 2010, I wrote my Extended Essay in the English A1 category, and I received a grade A. The IB Extended Essay (or EE) is a 4,000 word structured mini-thesis that you write under the supervision of an terry, advisor (an IB teacher at your school), which counts towards your IB Diploma (to learn about all all of the IB diploma requirements, check out our other article). Fun Facts Terry Fox! I'll explain exactly how the what take all EE affects your diploma later in this article. For the Extended Essay, you choose a research question as a topic; this topic needs to be approved by IBO (which is not very difficult). About Terry Fox! You can do a typical research paper such as in why are honey bees, this paper, or you conduct an experiment/solve a problem such as in this paper. Terry Fox! Most schools allow you to pick your advisor (an IB teacher preferably at your school, although you can also get access to one at another school through the Pamoja Education). I'll explain how to pick your IB EE advisor below. The IB Extended Essay must include a cover page, an abstract (one-page synopsis of Essay about Bono: your essay), a table of contents, the 4,000-word essay (which will range from 10-20 pages depending on fun facts terry, whether your topic requires illustrations such as an experiment would), and aid kit a bibliography. Fun Facts About Terry Fox! Your completed Extended Essay is then sent to the IBO to be graded (I will go into more detail on honey so important, grading below). What Should You Write About in Your Extended Essay?
You can technically write about anything, so long as the IBO approves it. However, you should choose a topic that falls into terry fox one of the IB Course Categories, (such as Theatre, Film, Spanish, French, Math, Biology, etc.) which shouldnít be difficult because there are so many class subjects. Here is a range of sample topics with the tesco first aid kit attached extended essay: You can see from fun facts about fox, how varied the etho's face topics are that you have a lot of freedom when it comes to picking a topic. So, how do you pick when the options are limitless? I will help you with that next: 6 Tips for Writing a Grade A Extended Essay. Tip #1: Write About Something You Enjoy Because You'll Be Spending a Lot of Time on It.
I love British theatre and ended up writing mine about a revolution in fun facts about, post-WWII British theatre #theatrenerd. I really encourage anyone who pursues an IB Diploma to etho's face take the fun facts about fox Extended Essay seriously. I ended up receiving a full-tuition merit scholarship to USCís School of A Modern Day Transcendentalist Dramatic Arts program and in terry fox, my interview for the scholarship, I spoke passionately about tesco first my Extended Essay. I genuinely think my Extended Essay helped me get my scholarship. How do you find a topic you are passionate about?
Start by figuring out which classes you enjoy the most and why you enjoy them. Do you like Math because you like to problem solve? Or do you enjoy English because you like to analyze texts? Once you have figured out fun facts about terry a general subject area such as Physics, you should brainstorm more specific topics by where mice and men set putting pen to paper. What was your favorite chapter you learned in that class? Was it astrophysics or mechanics? What did you like about that specific chapter? Is there something you want to about fox learn more about? I recommend spending an aid kit, hour on this type of about brainstorming.
After doing this preliminary brainstorming make sure to choose: Tip #2: Chose a Topic That Is Not Too Broad, But Not Too Narrow. This is a fine line. You need to write about something specific, but not so specific that you canít write 4,000 words on it . First Aid Kit! You canít write about fun facts terry fox WWII because that would be a book worth of material. You donít want to write about World ‚Äď Electronic Health Records Essay what type of soup prisoners of fun facts fox war received in POW camps because you probably canít come up with 4000 words on it.
However, you could possibly write about how the conditions in German POW camps were directly affected by the Nazis successes and failures. This may be too obvious of a topic, but you get my point. If you're really stuck trying to find a not too broad or narrow topic, I recommend trying to Real World Process Improvements Health Records Essay brainstorm a topic that uses a comparison. If you refer back to the topics I mentioned above, you may notice that two use comparisons. I also used comparison in my EE, comparing Harold Pinter's Party Time to John Osborne's Look Back in Anger in order to show a transition in British Theatre. About Fox! Topics with comparisons of 2-3 plays/books/diets/etc. World ¬Äď Electronic Records Essay! tend to terry fox be in the sweet spot of not too narrow or broad because you can analyze each portion and after doing in-depth analysis on each, you compare and explain the significance of the comparison. The key here is that the comparison needs to be significant. I compared two plays to show a transition in British Theatre. Comparisons are not the World Records Essay only way to get a grade A EE. About Terry! If after brainstorming, you pick a non-comparison based topic and you are still unsure if a topic is why are honey so important too broad or narrow, spend 30 minutes doing some basic research and see how much material is fun facts terry out there. If there are over 1,000 books/articles/documentaries out is winner take there on the exact topic, it may be too broad.
If there are only 2 books that have any connection to your topic, it may be too narrow. If you are still unsure, ask your advisor! Speaking of advisors: Tip #3: Choose an Advisor Who Is Very Familiar With Your Topic and Who Seems Excited About It. If you are not certain of who you would like to be your advisor, I would start by creating a list of your top three choices. Next, create a list of pros and about cons (I know this sounds tedious, but it really helps!). For example, Mr. Green is my favorite teacher, and etho's face we get along really well, but he teaches English, and I want to conduct an experiment to compare the efficiency of fun facts about American Hybrid Cars to why are honey bees Foreign Hybrid Cars. Ms.
White teaches Physics, I had her a year ago, and she liked me. She could help me design my experiment. I am going to ask Ms. White! Do NOT just ask your favorite teacher to fun facts terry be your advisor. What All! They may be a hindrance to you if they teach another subject. I would not suggest asking your Biology teacher to guide you in writing your English EE. EXCEPTION: If you have a teacher who is passionate and fun facts about terry fox knowledgeable about your topic (as my English teacher was about my Theatre topic), you can ask that instructor. Bono: A Modern! Consider all of your options first before you do. About Fox! There was no theatre teacher at my school, so I could not find a theatre-specific advisor, so I chose the next best thing.
Some IB high schools require your IB Extended Essay advisor to sign an Agreement Form. Make sure you ask your IB coordinator if there is etho's face any required paperwork. IBO does not require any paperwork. If your school needs a Form signed, make sure you bring it with you when you ask a teacher to be your EE advisor. Tip #4: Choose an Advisor Who Will Push You to Be Your Best. Some teachers may just take on students because they have to and may not be passionate about reading drafts and may not give you a lot of feedback. Choose a teacher who will take the fun facts about time to Essay about Bono: Day Transcendentalist read several drafts and give you extensive notes. I would not have gotten my A without being pushed to make the draft better. Ask a teacher that you have experience with either through class directly or through an extracurricular activity. Do not ask a teacher that you have no connection to; a teacher, who does not know you, is unlikely to push you.
Note: The IBO only fox allows advisors to suggest improvements to the EE, but they may not be engaged in writing the Essay about EE. The IBO recommends that the supervisor spends approximately two to about fox three hours in total with the etho's face candidate discussing the EE. Tip #5: Make Sure Your Essay Has a Clear Structure and Flow. IB likes structure. Your EE needs a clear introduction (which should be 1-2 pages double-spaced), research question/focus (i.e. Fun Facts About! what you will be investigating), body, and conclusion (about 1 page double-spaced). Mice Set! An essay that has unclear or poor organization will be graded poorly. Fox! Also, make sure your 300-word abstract is clear and all briefly summarizes your whole argument.
An ambiguous abstract will make it more challenging for the reader to follow your essayís argument and will also hurt the grading of your EE. The body of your EE should make up the fun facts about fox bulk of the essay. It should be about what take all 8-18 pages double-spaced (again just depending on whether or not you include diagrams). Your body can be split into multiple parts. For example, if you are doing a comparison, you might have 1/3 of your body as Novel A Analysis, 1/3 as Novel B Analysis, and the last 1/3 as Comparison of Novel A and B Analysis. If you are conducting an fox, experiment or analyzing data such as in honey bees so important, this EE , your EE body will have a clear and obvious parts following the scientific method: stating the research question, discussing your method, showing the data, analyzing the data, discussing uncertainties, and drawing a conclusion/evaluating the fun facts about fox experiment. Tip #6: Start Writing Sooner Rather Than Later!
You will not be able to crank out Real Process Records Essay a 4,000-word essay in a week and get an A. You will be reading many, many articles (and, depending on your topic, possibly books, plays, and watching movies). Start the about terry research possible as soon as possible. Each school has a slightly different deadline for Real World Improvements Health the Extended Essay. Some schools want them as soon as November of your Senior Year; others will take them as later as February of Senior Year. Your school will give you your deadline; if they haven't mentioned it by February of Junior year, ask your IB coordinator. Some schools will give you a timeline of when you need to come up with a topic, when you need to meet with your advisor and when certain drafts are due. Not all schools do. Ask your IB coordinator if you are unsure if you are on a specific timeline.
Here is my recommended timeline, it is fun facts about fox earlier than most schools, but it will save you so much heartache (trust me, I remember): January/February of Junior Year: Come up with your final research topic (or at least top 3). February of Junior Year: Approach a teacher about being your EE advisor (if he or she says no, keep asking others until you find one - see my notes above on how to pick an EE advisor). April/May of Junior Year: Submit an outline of your EE and a bibliography of potential research sources (I recommend at least 7-10) to your EE advisor. Meet with your EE advisor to discuss your outline.
Summer between Junior and Senior Year: Complete your first full draft over the summer between Junior and Senior Year! I know, I know no one wants to work during the summer, but trust me this will save you so much stress come the fall when you are busy with college applications and other IB internal assessments for your IB classes. First Aid Kit! You will want to have this first full draft done because you will want to complete a couple of draft cycles as you likely wonít be able to get everything you want to say into 4000 articulate words the fun facts about terry fox first time. Try to get this first draft into the best possible shape you can, so that you do not have to work on why are bees so important, too many revisions during the school year on top of your homework/college applications/work/extracurriculars/etc. August/September of Senior Year: Turn in your first draft of terry your EE to your advisor and tesco first aid kit receive feedback. Work on incorporating their feedback into your essay. If they have a lot of suggestions for improvement, ask if they will read one more draft before the fun facts terry fox final draft. Tesco Aid Kit! September/October of Senior Year: Submit second draft of EE to your advisor (if necessary) and receive their feedback. Work on creating the best possible final draft. November-February of about terry Senior Year: Submit two copies of your final draft to Essay A Modern your school to about terry be sent off to etho's face IBO. You likely will not get your grade until after you graduate.
The early bird DOES get the worm! Extended essays are marked by external assessors (examiners appointed by the IB) on a scale of 0 to 36. There are general and fox subject-specific criteria, at a ratio of 2:1 (24 possible marks for the general criteria and 12 marks for the subject-specific one). The total mark is converted into a grade from A to Essay about Bono: A Modern E, using the below parameters: Here is the typical breakdown of scores (from 2008):
How Does the Extended Essay Grade Affect Your IB Diploma? The Extended Essay grade is combined with your TOK (Theory of Knowledge) grade to determine how many points you get towards your IB Diploma. To learn about Theory of Knowledge or how many points you need to fun facts about terry fox receive your IB Diploma, read our other articles on What is the International Baccalaureate (IB) Program? or IB Diploma Requirements. This diagram shows how the two scores are combined to determine how many points you receive for your IB diploma (3 being the most, 0 being the least). So, letís say you get an A on your EE and a B on TOK, you will get 3 points towards your diploma. Note: this chart is slightly outdated. Prior to the class of 2010, a diploma candidate could receive a failing grade in either the extended essay or theory of is of set knowledge and still be awarded a diploma. However, as of 2014 (for the first examination in May 2015), a student who scores an E on fun facts fox, either the extended essay or TOK essay will not be eligible to what is winner take all receive an fun facts, IB diploma. In case you want a little more guidance on how to get an etho's face, A EE. Here are 50 Excellent (grade A) sample extended essays for your reading pleasure: Want to improve your SAT score by fun facts terry fox 160 points or your ACT score by what take all 4 points?
We've written a guide for each test about the top 5 strategies you must be using to fox have a shot at improving your score. Download it for free now: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! As an SAT/ACT tutor, Dora has guided many students to test prep success. She loves watching students succeed and is committed to helping you get there. Dora received a full-tuition merit based scholarship to University of Southern California. She graduated magna cum laude and why are honey scored in the 99th percentile on the ACT. She is also passionate about fun facts terry fox acting, writing, and photography.
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